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Untitled Prezi

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by

Stacey Baxter

on 30 July 2013

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Transcript of Untitled Prezi

Childhood through the times
Childhood
"Children's lives are lived through
childhoods constructed for them by
adult understandings of childhood
and what children are and should be"
(Dahlberg, Moss & Pence, 2007)
Family Life
The shifting attitudes of social and cultural practises in terms of creating a healthy family balance has had great ramifications for children.

The days where children are bought up primarily by their mothers until school age seems to be a thing of the past with the emergence of more mothers returning to the work force. As well as the increase of working mothers, we are seeing the shift in attitudes and roles in the household are shared by all family members and fathers are becoming more hands on.

The emergence of this new trend is beneficial to children; it instils morals of gender equality, teaches a sense of comradeship and also introduces them at a young age the
notion of helping others achieves a happier environment
for everyone.
The Healthy Child
The emergence of educating children on the importance of being healthy and active is becoming increasingly common.

Detail 2
talk about evolution of education and introduction of experential teaching
Education
Victorian
Era

Modern
Defining a child is often seen as difficult,
it generally involves references to age and development; however, how a child is perceived varies greatly depending on the social and cultural environments of that child.

It is widely accepted that the term 'social construction' is used to explain the understandings of childhood as not being the same everywhere. In every culture, society and demographic there are different values and practices to abide by which both directly and indirectly a child's development. What is considered to be 'normal' in one environment may be frowned upon as dangerous in another.

The importance of the ever-changing perceptions of childhood throughout the years is detailed in the six modes of childhood detailed in 'The History of Childhood' by L. DeMause and highlights the evolution of how a child was once viewed in a much more negative light as opposed to today where children's rights are extremely important as constituted by UNICEF and their 'Convention on the Rights of Children'.

Taking into consideration the differing social and cultural contexts is important when considering an educational setting for children; it is essential that no child feels ostracised and that diversity and equality is instilled in a learning environment.
"You who are wise must know, that different nations have different conceptions of things; and will therefore not take it amiss, if our ideas of this kind of education happen not to be the same with yours' (quoted in Drake, 1834)
Historically children were perceived to be 'evil'; and were often treated with abuse and in some instances death. As time has progressed the way in which children are viewed and represented in society has improved dramatically.

The evolution of the view of the childhood has drastic implications to the education of children; once condemned to days long manual labour and apprenticeships to educate, children now have the access to many avenues of learning.
A child's development and learning should not only be measured by their formal education; but also through the everyday exploration and play a child undertakes which often provides meaningful and engaging situations for a
child to develop new skills.
Children in Society
- Children were often condemned to long hours of work
- To many observers they were "children without childhood" (Cunningham, H., 2006)
- Towards the end of the Victorian Era, from 1870 onwards, compulsory schooling was introduced


Victorian Era
"Each generation continues to revise and adapt its human
and cultural and biological heritage in the face of current circumstances" (Rogoff, B., 2003)
The Modern Child
Jean Jacques Rousseau was revolutionary for how childhood was perceived - "Childhood, for the first time, became the most priviliged, perhaps the most enviable phase of life"(Cunningham, H., 2006)
- Children in a Westernized Modern society are typically allowed to learn through many avenues; exploration and play is a key driver.
- The introduction of Children's rights in the 1970's cemented the shift in attitude towards children and the recognition that children are the future
- With the rising cost of living and many families feeling the pinch financially, there has been a distinct rise in the number of women returning to work force.
- The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) found almost 80 per cent of women whose youngest child is aged between six and 14 participated in the labour force in 2010 to 2011. (www.bodyandsoul.com.au)

Fast Paced Era-
The working Mum
"Childhood has become more time consuming and expensive"
(deMause, L., 1974)
- Traditionally, the man was the main income earner of the household with the wife staying at home to take care of domestic duties and to raise the children
- Children were in full time care of their mothers until they reached school age; with the commencement of Kindergarten the first intergration of a child in a formal setting


The Housewife
and Stay at Home Mum
"The elevated view of the home and the housewife gave her both a touchstone of values and the self-confidence..."
(Matthews, G., 1987)
- With the emergence of advertising and parents relying more on televisions and other technological devices to keep children entertained children are becoming more aware of products on the market and are therefore 'demanding' sugar-laden,non-nutritional foods as snack options
- Childhood obesity is prevalent throughout society and is "a serious public health problem that increases morbidity, mortality, and has substantial long term economic and social costs" (www.apa.org, 2003)

Spoilt with choices
"Children who are overweight is “50 per cent more likely to become overweight adults” (Early Childhood Australia, 2012)
- Educating children about the importance of being fit and healthy is becoming prevalent in schools, detailed in the Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF)
- Instilling a solid foundation of positive attitudes towards better options and working with parents ensures that all children ‘have the best start in life to create a better future for themselves and for the nation’ (DEEWR, 2009, p5)


Raising Awareness -
Educating Parents

- Traditionally, the man was the main income earner of the household with the wife staying at home to take care of domestic duties and to raise the children
- Children were in full time care of their mothers until they reached school age; with the commencement of Kindergarten the first intergration of a child in a formal setting


Technology is everywhere

"The elevated view of the home and the housewife gave her both a touchstone of values and the self-confidence..."
(Matthews, G., 1987)
- Traditionally, the man was the main income earner of the household with the wife staying at home to take care of domestic duties and to raise the children
- Children were in full time care of their mothers until they reached school age; with the commencement of Kindergarten the first intergration of a child in a formal setting


Raising Awareness -
Educating Parent

Te
Technology

“Establishing a sense of positive well-being in children whilst in early years settings should be the cornerstone of effective practise” (Albon, L, 2012),
As time progresses and children are more aware of products available on the market, as well as the surge of children being more involved in sedentary activities rather than physical ones the government's of many westernized countries have highlighted this as a high focus in education.

Childhood obesity poses many problems physically,
socially and emotionally so the importance of
early education should never be underestimated
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