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05.06 It was the best of times, it was the worst of times as
Transcript of 05.06 It was the best of times, it was the worst of times as
The effects of the French Revolution
The events of the French Revolution
The causes of the French Revolution
The Reign of Terror, also known simply as the terror, was a horrible period of great bloodshed and violence during the French Revolution. The guillotine was used to decapitate and kill French aristocrats and anyone who opposed the revolutionary government. Tens of thousands were killed until the fall of Robespierre, the head of the Committee for Public Safety who conducted the terror.
"It is dreadful but necessary"
("Cest affreux mais nécessaire")
The Reign of Terror
During the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte rapidly rose through the ranks of the military. In 1804, Napoleon crowned himself emperor after seizing political power in France in a coup d’état. Soon after he was crowned, Napoleon basically recreated the monarchy that the revolution had tried so hard to overthrow. Napoleon soon sought to conquer and become emperor of all Europe. Part of the reason why Napoleon fell was because he overextended. In 1812, Napoleon tried to invade Russia, but failed miserably. Of the 600,000 men he took with him, only 20,000 survived. Napoleon's grip was vastly weakened. From then on, everything for Napoleon was going downhill.
The rise of Napoleon
The Enlightenment had a major impact on the American Revolution, which in turn had a significant impact on the French people. The French donated funds to support the American patriots during the American Revolution, which caused the French to go bankrupt. So, the French king demanded more taxes, making the people of France extremely angry. The American Revolution also instilled in the French that revolution was possible.
The American Revolution
During a period of great fear, an angry Parisian mob stormed a fortress prison, called Bastille, and liberated seven prisoners. The fall of the prison became a powerful symbol of triumph over tyranny. This day, called Bastille day, marks the beginning of the French Revolution. It is celebrated as the French national holiday.
The Fall of Bastille
The ruler of France at the time was King Louis XVI, and he was a timid and weak leader. So much debt had been accumulated since he financially supported the Americans in their revolution. This led to crazy prices, high unemployment, and conditions of near-famine. In an attempt to solve Frances' money problems, he convened a meeting of the Estates General.
Louis XVI -An ineffective ruler
After the absolute monarch was overthrown, diplomatic tensions were high and other European monarchs started eyeing France with suspicion. However they did not band together against France. The revolutionaries wanted war because they thought war would unify the country. They wanted to spread their ideas of revolution across Europe. On April 20, 1792, the Legislative Assembly declared war on Austria. Italy, Germany, and Belgium are just a few countries that France invaded after their success with Austria.
France Declares War
By: Georgia Christopoulos
The idea of "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness," was rooted in enlightenment thinking. The Enlightenment inspired the ideas of equality and liberty, which were basic principles of the French Revolution. To create that state of equality, it would mean that the French would have to completely overthrow the powers of the time.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
The series of wars France started
The French Revolution
Generously Provided to the Museum of St. Helena by:
Georgia Antiopi Christopoulos
A guillotine during the Terror
Diplomatic tensions between France and the other major countries of Europe were high. Soon, France found itself launching a preemptive war against Austria. As a result of the success, it encouraged France to continue invasions into a number of other countries. Some of these countries were Italy, Germany, and Belgium.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, the first French constitution, was adopted in 1789 when the French Revolution was in its early stage. The constitution abolished the feudal system and declared "liberté, égalité, fratérnité" (liberty, equality, and fraternity) for French citizens.
A revised and lengthier version of the constitution was adopted in 1793, and it affirmed rights for "all."