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Kowalski Chapter 8

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Caitlin Gayles

on 15 October 2012

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Transcript of Kowalski Chapter 8

Chapter 8
Kant and Respect for Persons Ethics "Let that be a lesson to one and to all; a person is a person, no matter how small" Horton Hears A Who In Kant's Words Imagine you make a false promise in a moment of distress Example Always Ask Yourself... The Moral Significance of Duty Never act in a way that would prevent your principles from becoming universal law Horton Hears a Who
Kant's Philosophy
Kant's Philosophy Explained
How this connects to Horton Hears a Who, Batman, Grey's Anatomy, and Family Guy Overview An Elephant is Faithful... One Hundred Percent I'll Stick By You Small Folks through Thin and through Thick True morality does not come from inclinations, but from duty Consequence of lying could be worse than situation you are trying to avoid
While lying may work in this situation, it cannot become a universal law
Duty to tell the truth The necessity of acting from pure respect of practical law But What Constitutes Duty? Must have truly good intentions in themselves to truly be a duty
The worth of the intention is above all else Principles that set the benchmark for all morally permissible behavior Categorical Imperatives Fundamental moral principle
Highlights importance of keeping one's word
People exist as ends, not means
A categorical imperative must draw from a conception that is necessarily an end for everyone Do the right thing ONLY because it is right Acting From or According To - Duty If you act in a way that duty requires because it benefits someone else you are acting according to duty Doing the right thing for other reasons besides that it is right is not as morally commendable Is Horton Morally Commendable? How do your ethics stand as morally absolute? Are any of your ethics compromisable? When is using people as a means to an end acceptable? Is it ever acceptable? If so, what drives this to be true? Is it ever possible to do the right thing SOLELY because it is the right thing to do? Or are there other motivators? Can Morton's suggestion to give only 99 percent be the exception to Kant's Rule? Is it moral to always ask people to do the right thing? Especially if they are putting themselves in danger? The Dark Knight Was it the "right thing to do" for Commissioner Gordon and Batman to hide Harvey Dent's new found corruption from the city? The Dark Knight http://www.hulu.com/watch/297874#i1,p47,d2 Family Guy Example Would it have been better for Brian to tell Peter and Lois and avoid the situation Stewie put himself in out of fear? Lying- Consequences What would Kant say? Ethics is "Univseralizable" Common human reason is always the standard of decision
Duty is derived from the need to act out of pure respect for the practical law WWKS
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