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Copy of Psychopath vs. Sociopath

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DaRon Joiner

on 17 December 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Psychopath vs. Sociopath

How are psychopaths different
Sociopath is the term usually used to describe the people who are more likely to show their true selves and are usually less dangerous and not much of a threat to society
Some psychologists also use the term to highlight society, environment, and upbringing as the cause for this disorder
They are typically disorganized, speak abruptly, are easily annoyed, and quick to show their tempers
In Contrast
Unlike their counterparts psychopaths can blend into society the best. They are usually the people you would least expect
They are well spoken, charismatic, and can lie their way into your hearts
Even scarier is that they are the most dangerous of the two
Society would deem them a danger to others
This is why the term is most often used to describe people who have crossed the line into crime
Usually psychopath is used as a term for those who have actually committed the violent crimes
Ex: Murderers, serial killers, or cult leaders
Typical traits are:
Uncaring, having shallow emotions, irresponsible, pathological liars, overconfident, selfish, cannot plan for the future, impulsive, and violent
Lets start with Psychopaths
Psychopathy and Sociopathy are both classified as personality disorders
People with either disorder are:
Incapable of empathy
Have a very high tolerance for disgust
Have no sense of ethics or morals
These traits are primarily due to the fact that both have a serve type of antisocial personality disorder
Defined as "A long term pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others"
Origin
Lets look at the similarities
There are still no clear, clean cut definitions for the two disorders because not every sociopath/ psychopath fits perfectly into their profile
So the traits for each are just generalities
No Definition
Psychologists first started noticing cases of seemingly normal people with a "moral depravity" around the 1900s
Psychopath was the first term applied to describe these people
When sociopath came about later, the two were used interchangeably for some time
And sometimes still is
Psychopath vs. Sociopath
Later psychologists wanted to differentiate the two distinct disorders
So the term sociopath came about in the 1930s to highlight the damage these individuals do to society
There is still little know about what causes this disorder, and still some confusion on what separates the two conditions
Sociopath
An Interesting Fact
Sociopaths can be harmful emotionally
While they don't usually intend to harm others, their deep sense of entitlement and lack of feelings makes it hard for them to do anything but
They do have hope of having a family life
Sociopaths are capable of forming somewhat of an emotional bond with one or two people
Psychologist believe this is because sociopaths are created, and not born that way
However,
Recent studies of psychopaths' brain waves show they have noticeably different reactions to certain stimuli
For example, their brains actually process fear differently than normal people
They also have weak connections in their brain's emotional systems
This supports the theory that there is something in their genetics causing their psychopathic behavior
Serial Killers
It is unlikely that a sociopath would become a serial killer, but if they do they would most likely be what the FBI classifies as a disorganized serial predator
Ex: Jack the Ripper
Psychopaths would most likely be classified under the FBI's organized category of serial predator
Ex: Ted Bundy
References
1 William Hirstein, Ph.D. Mindmelding. "What Is a Psychopath?" 30 January 2013. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/mindmelding/201301/what-is-psychopath-0
2 Debra Kelly. "The Difference Between Psychopaths And Sociopaths." 03 November 2013. http://knowledgenuts.com/2013/11/03/the-difference-between-psychopaths-and-sociopaths/
3 "Antisocial Personality Disorder Symptoms." Psychcentral.com. 26 May 2013. http://psychcentral.com/disorders/antisocial-personality-disorder-symptoms/.
4 Seth Meyers, Psy.D and Katie Gilbert. Insight is 20/20. "Understanding the Sociopath: Cause, Motivation, Relationship." 02 April 2013. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/insight-is-2020/201304/understanding-the-sociopath-cause-motivation-relationship
5 Dr. Bonn. "Sociopath or Psychopath, Which is a Serial Killer More Likely to Be?" Doc Bonn Blog. 09 January 2013. http://docbonn.wordpress.com/2013/01/09/sociopath-or-psychopath-which-is-a-serial-killer-more-likely-to-be/
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