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The French Revolution sg
Transcript of The French Revolution sg
Eventually, Napoleon Bonaparte took over. This time of history was called the 18 Brumaire. He helped change up laws, but he led himself into becoming a dictator and taking over France. The 18 Brumaire was the end of the republic of the French Revolution. Revolution By Shaziah Gafur The French Causes -The Metric System was invented during the French Revolution
-The people living in Paris visited their hairdressers every day but only put on clean clothes once a month
-At the time of the French Revolution, 75% of French citizens did not learn French from a mother tongue, meaning that they didn't grow up speaking this language from an early childhood The fight on Bastille This is when the republic actually happened.
In 1789, The king feared because he heard the word of revolution spread quickly among the country, although he still wanted to be king. Therefore, King Louis XVI sent troops around the palace and the capital city. Supporters of the national assembly thought that the king was going to use these troops to end the national assembly. Rioters defended by attacking the Prison of Bastille. Soon, Paris was filled with rioters and looting. Bastille was where weapons and ammunition was. During the battle, many rioters and soldiers were killed. However the third estate members, who were the rioters, got control of the prison. So, they formed a new government in Paris.
The president of the National Assembly became the mayor for Paris. The King moved to Paris with his family. He took the white, red and blue ribbons because the revolutionaries were wearing them. At the end of July, the revolution was spread all over France. Watching Thanks For Today, I will teach you about the French Revolution. If you keep listening, I will explain the causes and how this has happened. You'll get to learn about the Pre-Revolution, the Fight on Bastille, their new government, the Legislative Assembly, National Convention, and how their republic ended. So, I'm pretty much going to tell you how France went from a monarchy, to a republic, and how they kept trying to change their government. Taxation Lets get the facts. In 1787, France's population went past 28 million. Even though if there were economical difficulties, most importantly the high and unequal taxation, France was still one of the most powerful and also one of the most richest nations in Europe.
The French Revolution began with economical crisis and went on from 1789-1799. It affected the rest of Europe. This was a bloody period of time, although it was one of the most important and unforgettable events in the history of Europe. The French Revolution wasn't just caused by one reason, it was caused by a combination of major conflicts. There were political problems, economical problems, and social problems. With the unpopular and ineffective King Louis XVI, a republic was to be made, covered with a lot of blood and violence everywhere. Here's the most important cause. King Louis made France involve in the American Revolution and Seven Years War. As a result, France was suppose to pay, although they couldn't afford to pay so much, so they were very effectively bankrupt and indebted. The king had managed their financial crisis by increasing the unequal system of taxation and borrowing money. There were many more causes. France borrowed money for their wars and increased many taxes. The nobility and clergy were the wealthiest in French society. They had 90% of the national wealth. But the thing is, the rich didn't want to pay taxes. So, they were exclusively free from paying most forms of taxes. As a result, the peasants were taxed instead. The peasants were expected to pay 10% of their income to the church, a land tax, 5% property tax, and a tax on how many people in the family. There were more taxes.This led to an unequal collection of taxes because the peasants were heavily loaded with them although the clergy and nobles barely even paid. Legislative Assembly The Legislative Assembly was another assembly which was opened in 1791. The members of this assembly didn't agree to many things. A lot of the people didn't want a king. These people in the assembly didn't appreciate how the king had the right to stop laws that he didn't like. In this period of time, the king and many others were attacked often.
Kings and emperors of other countries were worried how the French Revolution could enter into their boundaries. In late August, a few emperors and the brother of King Louis sent the Declaration of Pillnitz. It asked for the king of France to be set free. They were going to attack France if they disobeyed the request. This was taken very seriously. In 1792, France declared war on Austria, but their army was weak. Prussia(Germany) joined Austria's side. Shortly, Prussia invaded France.
The Legislative Assembly was losing its power. There wasn't any group controlling France. The whole country was invaded by Prussia's Army. The revolutionists were so violent. They started to go to prisons to kill anyone who they thought were traitors of France. Very very shortly, 1,400 were already dead. A few Interesting Facts In 1792, the In 1792 Legislative Assembly lost all of its power. Since a new government was needed, the National Convention was formed. Many were suspicious of the king. A lot of people thought he was helping Prussia and Austria invade France. The king was caught guilty, of having conspired against the liberty of the nation. As a result, his head was cut off using a guillotine. After that there were many celebrations. They promised that the revolution could finally go on.
Since the king was dead, the citizens decided to meet to change the government again and what form it would take. From 1793-1794, the Reign of Terror happened. Members of the third estate asked for equality for all of the citizens of France. The people of the first and second estates denied to grant the equal rights and they refused to give up their special privileges that they've enjoyed for so many centuries because they were so selfish. An evil group took over. They were members of the Third Estate. They were going to hunt the rich down and kill them because they weren't being fair and equal to he poor. Anyone who broke laws or working against them would be killed by the guillotine.In total, 16 594, were killed mostly consisting the nobles.
The National Convention turned against the evil group. The evil group was sent to the guillotine. The terror was finally over. The National convention chose to make a new constitution, the Constitution of the Year III. The National Convention The Estates-General This is what they used to kill people. The guillotine. I'm so
selfish! Now that you've learned about debt and taxation, if you were in the peasants position how was this unfair to you? Would you be thinking about going to war? Questions How this was a revolution?
How was the king ineffective?
If you were the king , what would you have done differently? How might've this effected history?
What were the outcomes of the Revolution? Was it important? The French society was divided into three different estates, the first estate, the second estate, and the third estate. The first estate was at the highest level of french society made up of religious leaders, clergy, and priests. The second estate was at the middle level of french society made up of the nobility. These estates were rich. The third estate was at the lowest level made up of the rest, including all of the peasants. This made up 97% of the population. They were not rich.
The king increased the debt. To get together and solve problems, the king made up an assembly called the Estate-General in 1789. The Estates-General was a group of people representing their estate.
The third estate had many more representatives than the first and second estate combined. As a result, the third estate would've also gotten more votes. This way, they would've easily gotten their will passed. The king didn't want this to happen, so he locked the third estate representatives out of the meetings.The third estate members were angry, so they made a new assembly called the National Assembly.