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Speaking Activities: Awarness-Raising - Appropriation -Towar
Transcript of Speaking Activities: Awarness-Raising - Appropriation -Towar
by Anna-Lena Hahne
& Lena Watermann
Authenticity in the Classroom
Pre-Scripted Recordings should not be banned because...
TV or Radio
- There is a lot of - availibility
unscripted data - insider
- Learners have to pay attention + have to be alert and curious
- More than just paying attention
- Learner shall consciously focus on register issues
- Learners should identify certain patterns
Recordings VS. Authentic Conversation
- work against spontaneity - long turns
- are often simplified - usage of vague language
- lack features of non-transcribed - might be less audible
How to Use Recorded Data???
1. Activate Background Knowledge
2. Check Gist
3. Check Register
4. Check Details
5. Listen and Read
6. Resolve Doubts
7. Focus on Language Features
-Comparing and Contrasting
ALL CRITERIA DEPEND ON THE LEARNER´S NEED BUT A BASIC PRECONDITION IS THAT EVERY STUDENT SHOULD HAVE UNDERSTOOD THE TEXT BEFORE GOING INTO DETAIL!!!
-Focus on lexical chunks
-Focus on stress and intonation
-Focus on organization
-Focus on sociocultural rules
--> cross-cultural encounters
- the transition from “other regulated” to "self regulated"
Practiced control vs. controlled practice
Goal of practiced control: to assist the learner in gaining self-control of the language
Would you ever...?
Information gap activity
The Poster Carousel
Assisted Performance and Scaffolding
Picture and word cues
- the script of a dialogue can be represented on the board (e.g. drawings or word prompts), functions as memory aid
- involve learners walking around and asking all the others questions
- playful form of practice
- should be fast, rhythmic, and incorporate repeated examples
Thanks for your attention!
How to teach speaking
. Harlow: Pearson, 2005.
In-Class Activity: Jigsaw Activity
- students prepare a poster on a pre-selected topic
- activity is done in standing
- class is divided into two halves
- Imitating and repeating words , phrases, and even whole utterances
- writing plays a useful role as an initial stage in the appropriation of newly encountered language for speaking
- is the natural 'next step' between writing and reading
- provides a secure framework
: providing appropriate levels of assistance
: open-class talk, teacher builds on the contribution of individuals, teacher provides linguistic devices
- provide a change of focus from teacher-led classroom
- is a technique for encouraging a greater degree of interactivity in student-student talk (provide two pieces of information, students ask each other questions and respond)
- repeating a task shows gains in accuracy, fluency, and complexity
Autonomy & Automaticity
Criteria for speaking tasks
Feedback & correction
Error vs. Mistake
Presentation & talks
Show and tell
Did you read about..?
Stories, jokes & anecdotes
Guess the lie
Insert the word
Drama, Role Play & Simulation
Discussion & Debate
Pyramid (or consensus) debate
Conversation & Chat
One of us/Some of us
Outside of class - speaking activities
In your group:
a) Describe what each person sees
b) Decide the sequence of the accident
c) Decide who is to blame
- examples can be repeated
and used for further happenings in the classroom