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Mauryan/Gupta Empire

By: Jane Morris & Catherine Baker
by

Jane Morris

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of Mauryan/Gupta Empire

By: Jane Morris & Catherine Baker The Mauryan/Gupta Empire Mauryan & Gupta Empires Various civilizations that occupied India over the course of about 2,000 years India Buddhist architecture developed in India. Mauryan Architecture (Right), Gupta Architecture (Left) Architecture Indian Mauryan Empire from 272 to 231 BC The Cities of the Mauryan Empire Example of Brahmi Script Ashoka's Major Rock Edict is one of major rock edicts, which was constructed by Ashoka and they are great source of information about Mauryan Dynasty and history of Gujrat. It is located on the way from Junagadh to Girnar. Fourteen rock edicts of the Emperor Ashoka are inscribed on a great boulder. The inscription carry Brahmi script in Pali language and dates back to 263 BC. Ashoka had seen the bloodshed with his own eyes and felt that he was the cause of the destruction. The whole of Kalinga was plundered and destroyed. Ashoka's later edicts state that about 100,000 people were killed on the Kalinga side and almost equal number of Ashoka's army. Thousands of men and women were deported. Ashoka after seeing this was filled with sorrow and remorse.
Ashoka's response to the Kalinga War is recorded in the Edicts of Ashoka Wars Ashoka (Left) and Chandragupta Maurya (Right) Famous Rulers of the Mauryan Empire Gupta Achievements Art of the Mauryan and Gupta periods is characterized by large, beautifully carved figures of Buddha, clad in clothing that draped the figure. Mauryan/Gupta Art Achievements & Legacy Mauryan 322-185 BCE and Gupta 320-600 CE Spread of Empires Samudragupta on a coin (left) and Chandragupta II (right) Rulers of The Gupta Empire Gupta Empire fell because of White Huns, Mauryan Empire fell after Ashoka's death causing Government disarray and collapse Fall of Maurya and Gupta Empires Mauryan Empire began in Eastern India, spread to all of India except for South. Pataliputra was deemed the capital of the empire. Gupta Empire began in Eastern India, and later spread to the West and Central India. Capital was also Pataliputra. Schwartz, Stuart, Michael Adas, Peter Stearns , and Marc Gilbert . World Civilizations: The Global Experience. New York: Pearson , 2010.

Department of Asian Art. "Mauryan Empire (ca. 323–185 B.C.)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan
Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/maur/hd_maur.htm (October 2000)
Time Maps, "The Mauryan Empire." Last modified 2012. Accessed October 23, 2012. http://www.timemaps.com/civilizationmauryan-empire.
Public Broadcasting System (PBS), "The Story of India." Last modified 2008. Accessed October 23, 2012. http://www.pbs.org/thestoryofindia/timeline/2/.
Phillip, Martin. "Age of Empires Daily Life Gupta Empire 500 BCE - 647 CE." Last modified 2008. Accessed October 23, 2012. http://india.mrdonn.org/gupta.html.
Education.com, "The Mauryan Empire and Gupta Empire." Last modified 2008. Accessed October 24, 2012. http://www.education.com/study-help/article/ancient-history-india-mauryan-gupta-empire/. References
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