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WHY: Motivations

Chapter 7 in Conflict Assessment & Peacebuilding Planning

Lisa Schirch

on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of WHY: Motivations

Chapter 7 in Conflict Assessment & Peacebuilding Planning
WHY: Motivations
Human needs, human rights, grievances, and perceptions of justice
Worldview perceptions, brain patterns, and trauma
Incentives for peace
Human Needs, Human Rights,
Grievance and Perceptions of Justice
3 Lenses for Understanding Motivations
Key Questions
What does this lens help us see?
Key Concepts
Human behavior is shaped by underlying human needs and human rights.

People's limited perceptions of their needs and rights are stated as positions or demands. People may articulate these as "grievances" or "injustices."

Peacebuilding requires uncovering unstated interests and needs and finding creative solutions to meeting needs of all groups.

Not all perceived grievances are legitimate. Greed reflects a perception of "internalized superiority."

Justice is a perception of fairness.
Worldview Perceptions, Brain Patterns
and Trauma
Key Questions
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
Key Concepts
Each person has a unique worldview - a way of viewing the world shaped by their life experiences and process of perception.

Worldviews provide a "narrative" or story that makes sense of a conflict.

People tend toward "cognitive consistency" and away from "cognitive dissonance." People need to develop a narrative that makes sense of their conflict.

Psyschological processes and brain structure impact this narrative
Helps distinguish between stakeholders' public positions and underlying interests and needs.
Identify legitimate interests, needs, grievances that could be addressed in a peacebuilding effort.
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
What does this lens help us see?
Describes how stakeholders develop motivations to behave in conflict, how they make sense of their world and the impact of trauma and conflict on brain functioning
Peacebuilding is a process of changing worldview perceptions that shape what motivates people to engage in conflict with others.
What does this lens help us see?
Incentives for Peace
Hurting stalemates

Types of Incentives
Political Access
Economic access

Internally-generated incentives

Externally-generated incentives
What does this lens help us see?
Assess stakeholder's willingness and readiness to address conflict through negotiation.
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
Identify how incentives could bring key stakeholders into peacebuilding processes.
Key Concepts
Local capacities for peace - includes people and institutions that foster positive intergroup relations
Resilience- capacity of a system to survive, adapt, respond to a crisis
This powerpoint is a resource to be used with the book shown here, published by Lynn Rienner/Kumarian Press, 2013.

For more teaching/learning tools, please visit the book's website at:

More Key Concepts
Solutions that satisfy the underlying needs and interests of all groups are called "win-win solutions" and tend to be sustainable.

Principled negotiation is a method of identifying stakeholder's underlying interests and finding a "win-win" creative solution that is mutually satisfying.

BATNA stands for "best alternative to a negotiated agreement." Stakeholders evaluate their BATNA in relation to their motivation to fight in a conflict.

Peacebuilding includes a process of "reality-checking" to see whether stakeholders have an accurate assessment of their BATNA
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