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Mental and Emotional Health Personal and Consumer Health II

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John Doe

on 4 September 2012

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Transcript of Mental and Emotional Health Personal and Consumer Health II

Mental and Emotional Health Mental Disorders Anxiety Eating Disorders Bulimia : uncontrolled eating binges, followed by purging – vomiting or laxatives
Try to rid the body of unwanted calories
Symptoms :
Maintain weight within their normal range
Weight fluctuations
Obsession with food and calories
Causes :
Low self-esteem
Use food to feel better emotionally
Purge- because of the weight gain
Threatening or talking about wanting to hurt or kill themselves.
Talking or writing about death, dying or suicide
Feeling: anxious, or hopeless, rage, uncontrolled anger
Or seeking revenge
Withdrawing from family and friends
Using/Increased alcohol or drug use

Take the threats seriously
Be calm/talk calm
Involve an adult
Cancer, heart disease
Depression can make medical conditions worse – since it weakens the immune system
In some cases depression can be caused by medications used to treat medical conditions
Other Psychological Disorders
Eating Disorders
Post -traumatic
Makes careless mistakes

Does not pay attention to details

Is easily distracted

Has difficulty following instructions
Have trouble sitting still or paying attention moving around

Interrupts others

Has trouble working quietly

Talks excessively
Impulsive-Control Disorder : people cannot resist the impulsive or drive to act in a way that is harmful to themselves or to others.
To gamble
To shop Have you ever been extremely afraid in a situation even though you knew the actual threat did not justify such an intense response?
Have you ever been fearful without knowing why?

National Association for Mental Health describes a person with good mental health:
Feels comfortable about self
Feels right about other people
Able to meet the demands on life TEST TIME The Phone Booth Rubric: Your group will role play
* Think about the warning signs of depression
*How to respond if you suspect a friend is thinking about taking their life.
*Discuss your role play, decide what to say and how to respond appropriately. ( Write it)
* Then show the class.

** Remember it is a grade Practice the A.C.T. Technique A. - Acknowledge that your friend has a problem and the symptoms are serious.

C. -Care let them know that you care about them and that you want to help them.

T. -Tell a trusted adult about your concerns. Just telling the right person can make all the difference. A.C. T. Technique
Health Risk :
Excess weight gain
Unhealthy dieting
High blood pressure/Cardiac arrest and or death
Liver and kidney problems, Diabetes
Treatments :
Learn to eat more slowly
Is there an emotional problem
Seek medical help See above Anorexia and Bulimia Anorexia & Bulimia Anorexia Health Risks : a person doesn’t eat enough food to maintain a healthy body weight.
Self- starvation and excessive weight loss
Symptoms :
Weight fluctuations/Extreme weight loss
Dry skin
Slowed heart and breathing rates
Females – loss of menstrual periods
Becoming withdrawn, feeling of guilt shame, suicidal thoughts
Causes :
Lack of chemical regulates mood
Low self-esteem
Strong desire to please others
Troubled relationship : mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food.

Eating Disorders are about : emotions, thoughts, and attitudes Vocabulary Person with Thoughts of Suicide KYLE’S STORY- listen as I read to you : intentional killing of oneself
More than 31,000 people kill themselves each year
Is the 3rd leading cause of death for North Carolinians ages 10-24.
: is the intentional killing of one person by another What is Suicide 1. Write down on paper how to overcome barriers to seek help for mental disorders.
2. At WHS where can someone get help?
Name 2 teachers, and were else can you go here
for help?
3. What types of treatments have been found successful for treating teen depression?
4. Are there certain symptoms of depression that are found more often in teenagers than adults? Side Bar Buddy - Activity (part I) Medication
When someone is depressed the brain does no use these chemicals properly.
Medication helps to restore normal brain function.
Mental health experts can also help people who are depressed to learn how to cope with their problems. Help for Depression? Who Gets Depression? Causes of Depression Group up with 3 people that sit beside you
You can use your notes if needed
On your worksheet read the descriptions of symptoms and put the answer in the box type of mental disorder : this disorder displays intense worry, fears, or anxiety most days for at least six months.
: anxiety that is related to a specific situation or object. A person goes to extreme measures to avoid a fear and reacts in a way that limits normal functioning
“Person with a phobia may not be able to carry out daily activities.” Vocabulary What are some of your ideas to handle anxiety? Healthy Methods Dealing with Anxiety Some people, however cannot function normally in their jobs, relationships and their daily lives – because they cannot cope with their anxiety.
It may be necessary for them to change their thinking: from negative to positive ones. Like
“I can do this”.
Have a support system, keep the routine, find humor in a stressful situation and stay in perspective. BUT It is also a normal part of life.
It is normal to worry about a sick relative.
It is normal to feel anxious about a job interview. Anxiety Intense worry
Trouble sleeping
Concentrating –thoughts of death
Nausea SYMPTOMS OF ANXIETY Abraham Maslow, a psychologist presented human needs in the form of a pyramid.

“We all have basic needs, but some are more basic than others.” Is it easy to indentify a person with mental disorders?
All mental disorders are cause by early experiences life.
What is a mental disorder? Mental Disorders Look up resources for seeking help for people with eating disorders. Where can people get help?
Eating disorders affect females more than males, but males do develop eating disorders. Because of this myth males are even less likely than females to seek help for an eating disorder. Eating disorders affect only females.

Myth or Fact? Eating Disorders http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/feeling_sad/suicide.html

www.nami.org ( National Alliance on Mental Health) Websites that can help Psychiatrist : a physician who can diagnose and treat mental disorders
Neurologist : a physician who treats physical disorders of the nervous system
Neurosurgeon : does brain surgery
Counselors : focuses on specific problems Types of Mental Health Professionals Depression : an emotional state in which a person feels extremely sad and hopeless. List some possible situations/ events that may anxiety. Situations That May Cause Anxiety Anxiety : is fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that doesn’t pose as much as a threat as you think.
Anxiety Disorder : When the anxiety persists for a long time and interferes with daily living. Real or imagined fears prevent a person from enjoying life.
About 13% of children/teens age 9-17 will have an anxiety disorder
Examples: Physical Factors What Causes Mental Disorders? Depression Part II Hereditary Early Experiences Recent Experiences Damage could be caused by a growth or tumor in the brain; an injury or an infection. Also exposure to lead, prolonged use of alcohol, or other drugs. If a parent has a mental disorder you have a chance of having it (depression). Extremely negative experiences that occur early in life. A child who has been neglected. Something sad/bad that was just recent. The death of a loved one. Generalized anxiety Phobia Panic attacks Obsessive compulsive Post traumatic stress Mental Disorders Part II Class Activity Form 4 groups.
Each group will make a list of methods people sometimes use to cope with feeling depressed.
2 groups:
2 groups: What Hinders? What Helps? (Movie & Worksheet) -Silent Epidemic: Teen Suicide Homework Assignment Movie: Dying to be Thin Complete worksheet along with Prezi. http://video.pbs.org/video/1865661292 Work on Storybird!!! Symptoms Fatigue Low energy Hopelessness Crying Loss if interest in favorite activities Constant sadness Irritability Trouble sleeping Weight loss/gain Lack of motivation Mental Disorder : illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function Mental health experts see abnormal thoughts, feelings, or behaviors as signs, or symptoms of a mental disorder. Recognizing Mental Disorders Signs/Symptoms= abnormal thoughts feelings Behaviors What Does it Mean to Be Healthy? If you have – you have experienced anxiety. See 9.MEH.1.2 The Causes,Symptoms, and Effects of Anxiety. Generalized Anxiety Disorder Phobia Signs of GAD Irritability Restlessness & Trouble sleeping Muscle tension Worrying/obsession about large and small concerns Types of Phobia Caligynephobia Carnophobia Heliophobia Lutraphobia Vestiphobia Fear of Clothing! Fear of Meat! Fear of Otters! Fear of The Sun! Fear of Beautiful Women! Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Panic Attacks: suddenly for no apparent reason people have intense fear Panic Attack Symptoms Fast heart rate
rapid breathing
chest discomfort person who has an unreasonable need to think or act in a certain way Obsessive unwanted thought or image that takes control of the mind Compulsive unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent a feared outcome. Repeated behavior Hypochondria: preoccupation with the body and fear of presumed diseases. Constantly feels aches or pains, worries about developing cancer, heart disease Schizophrenia: means “split mind” Sometimes they develop fears that are not supported by reality. They believe that someone or something controls their thoughts or wants to harm them.
May talk to themselves
Act in an odd manner
Neglect care for themselves Impulse -Control Disorder ADHD Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity ADD Attention Deficit Group A :
Stresses easily
Withdraw from reality
Absorbed in their own thoughts
paranoid Group B :
overly emotional or unstable
antisocial personality Group C :
cannot make a decision
strong need for approval of others
Self-actualization : striving to become the best you can be Examples of Personality Disorder Personality Disorder: "A personality disorder is a type of mental illness in which you have trouble perceiving and relating to situations and to people — including yourself. There are many specific types of personality disorders." Family History: Trauma and Stress: Pessimistic Personality Genetics Financial problems
Breakup of relationship
Death of a loved one
Changes in life: job, getting married Low self-esteem
Negative Outlook Physical Condition Depression can affect anyone, it effects may vary depending on your age and gender Men Women Elderly Are almost twice as men
Hormonal change
Pregnancy Women Men Depression is lower – because of going undiagnosed – less likely to seek help
Suicide is an especially serious risk for men with depression
Four times more likely than women to kill themselves Elderly Become physically ill – unable to be as active as they were
Lose loved ones
Sometimes loved ones may attribute signs of depression to the normal result of aging Side Bar Part II https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=maps.google.com+Boone+NC+mental+health&ie=UTF-8 Using google maps, complete the worksheet titled "Mental Health Matrix." Suicide Homicide If There are Warning Signs When a Friend is Thinking About Suicide Tell - someone tells you this Ask - ask them - Are you thinking about suicide? Listen - Let's talk about this. I am listening...this is important Keepsafe - We need extra help. I want to help connect you with someone who can help keep you safe. Myth Eating Disorder Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms Causes Short Term Irregular heartbeats Lack of minerals can cause heart to stop. Amenorrhea irregular menstruation Long Term Liver and kidney problems Osteoporosis Sterility Cardiac arrest and or death Bulimia Symptoms Causes Health Risks Short Term Irregular heartbeats
irregular menstruation Long Term Teeth/gum problems
Liver and Kidney problems
cardiac arrest and or death. Dangerous Methods & Treatments Dangerous Methods Laxatives
Diet pills
Ipecac syrup – vomiting Treatment Psychological counseling
Nutritional counseling
Outpatient therapy
Psychiatric meds
Hospital based care Binge Eating Disorder The uncontrollable urge to eat large amounts of food. There may be sporadic fasts and diets Causes:
Psychological, biological and environmental factors. Causes Symptoms: Eating unusually large amounts of food
eating when full
eating alone
yo-yo dieting 9.MEH.1.2 - Plan effective methods to deal with anxiety 9.MEH.2.1 - Identify causes and symptoms of depression and mental disorders. 9.MEH.2.2 - Design useful help-seeking strategies for depression and mental disorders. Anxiety Anxiety Disorder Examples A C T Psychiatrist Neurologist Neurosurgeon Counselors Matching Symptoms Activity CHANGE THIS AND ADD ANOREXIA AND BULIMIA SLIDES Storybird Project www.mayoclinic.com www.cdc.gov http://health.nih.gov/category/MentalHealthandBehavior Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Panic Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD, ADD)
Autism Spectrum Disorders (Pervasive Developmental Disorders)
Bipolar Disorder (Manic-Depressive Illness)
Borderline Personality Disorder
Eating Disorders (bulimia &Anorexia)
Suicide Prevention Post Traumatic Stress Disorder-- a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma (war).
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