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Ultranationalism & Genocide

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caitlin arthur

on 7 April 2016

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Transcript of Ultranationalism & Genocide

Caitlin Arthur-McGill
Hedley

Genocide is the the deliberate expulsion or termination of a specific ethnique group, based on a grudge or longstanding rivalry.
What is genocide?
Ultranationalsim is an extreme form of nationalism. Ultranationalists are often fanatically loyal to their own nations and hostile and racist to others.
What is ultranationalism?
Ultranationalism & Genocide
From 1933- 1945, Germany was under the absolute control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party.
The Nazis Genocide of the Jewish peoples' was an event lead by Hitler, killing approximaely six million Jewish people.
Other examples of genocide's include the 1915 Armenian Massacre, the Ukrainian Holocaust, 1994 Rwanda, and more.
Genocides are often justified by a sense of ultra-nationalism.
Between 1941 and 1945 approximately 3,000,000 Ukrainian and non-Jewish peoples' were killed as part of Nazi extermination policies.
It can lead to the complete disregarde of well-being and interests of those from other groups.
The Holocaust took place during World War II, officially starting on November 7, 1938 while Hitler was in power. The Nazi regime was responsible for the extermination of groups of people that were deemed socially or racially "undesirable". These groups included Jewish people, gypsies, homosexuals and those who were mentally ill.
Adolf Hitler wanted to create a perfect race, free of all those who were not similar to him, or that posed a threat to his power. He needed a group of people to blame for what went wrong, but also a group of people that would unite the rest of the population with a common enemy.
Under Hitler's control, Germany invaded many Europeen countries where these genocides took place.
The extreme rise of ultranationalism was brought on by Hitler. After the treaty of Versailles had been signed, Germany was blammed entirely for World War 1. This alienation and sense of defeat you could say devloped ultra-nationalism within Germany. Hitler quickly rose to become the leader of this ultra-nationalist group. He gave the movement direction, as well as purpose.
The video above provides many great examples of ultranationalism. Hitler was an alluring speaker, that was able to gain the attention of an audience. This made him an ideal ultranationalist.
Jewish people were targeted because the Nazi's believed they were evil and greatly affecting the Germans' life's, in a negative manner.
Hitler made people believe that Jewish people were the cause of all their problems.
Hitler used violence and terror to enforce the anti-semitic policies.
Propaganda
The Nazi's used propagonda as a essentail tool, that ultimatly lead to the genocide.
An example of this is at the bottom of the front page of the daily newspapper. The following message would appear "The Jews are our misfortune!"
Also, Jewish people would appear as ape like figures , within the newspapper.
Kristallnacht
Also known as the night of broken glass
Kristallnacht took place on November 9, 1939. It was the historic event in which Nazi's and other Europen citizens destoyed thousands of Jewish businesses, houses and Synagoges.
Thousands of Jewish peoples' were brutally attacked and forcefully removed them from their homes. These people were then sent to concentration camps.
This event united Germany. Kristallnacht marked the first of what became known as the Final Solution.
Concentration Camps
Concentration camps go down in history as one of the most horrific. They served several purposes.
Those capable of working were worked to death. Often working more than twelve hours per day.
Prisoneers were subject to horrible treatment, such as death marches, starvation, disease, and executions. Also, they slept in overcrowded barracks.
When Jewish people first arrived at concentration camps their clothes were burrned and their head's shaved.
Their basic human rights were taken away and were subjected to acts of dehumanization every day.
Execution camps
Unlike consentration camps, execution camps sole purpose was the murdering of millions of Jewish people.
The most commen way of murder was by fatal gas or hanging.
The response of other nations
Durring the 1930's many contries were simply trying to avoid conflict. They did not make any moves towards helping people in Europe.
Many contries were facing their own struggels. Such as, the Great Depression.
Some of the Jewish people boarded ships and headed to contries in hope of a new home, yet many were declined upon arrival. These contries included Cuba, The United States, and Canada.
It is estimated that a quater of these passangers later died in concentration camps.
The leader of immigration in Canada said " If these Jews were to find a home, they would likely be followed by other shiploads. No country could open it's doors wide enough to let in the hundreds of thousands of Jewish people who want to leave Europe, the line must be drawn somewhere."
Between 1944 and 1945, concentration camps were liberated by Great Britain and the United States.
The United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishement of the Crime Of Genocide
The United Nation created this law in 1948, it was not given a second glance until the 1990's and the situation in Rwanda.
After this, they enhanced the law so that they could hold people accountable.
The United Nations say that they have a responsibility to "protect populations from genocide, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humainity."
The scale of Genocide
It is estimated that six million Jewish people were killed.
This number does not account for homosexuals, prisoners, mentaly disabled and more.
The estimated total lives lost is upwards of 10 million.
Impact on the world
In 1933, there were approximately nine million Jewish people living in European countries that would later be ruled by the Nazi's.
By 1945, two of every three Jewish people had been killed.
A horrific part of history.
Moving forward we must learn from the past and put our best foot forward. Never forgetting our past misteps, but constantly learning. We must maintain a tolerance and accept every person, of any ethnic group as our equal.
Sources
http://nickyandmanvir.blogspot.ca/2011/11/ultra-nationalism.html

https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005469

http://www.biography.com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/nazi-party

http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/timeline.html

http://remember.org/educate/mtimeline

https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/worldres.html

http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/holocaust/about/08/worlds_reaction.asp


Within this particular genocide we can not even begin to imagine what the group at fault went through. We must remember and reflect on the changes the Jewish people had to overcome and how it affected their overall culture. Another example of this is First Nation's who were forced into residental schools, facing physical, mental and sexual abuse. That part of the past still has implactations on their culture and way of life.
A final note
No single person or group it better than another and nobody deserves to be dehumanized and killed based on their beliefs, race, or anyhing else to do with who they are.
We must educate ourselfs on not only this genoicide, but all in history to make sure it never happens again.
The Holocaust in Ukraine
Auschwitz concentration camps.
These camps were a network of Nazi execution camps and extermination camps, lead by Third Reich in polish areas. This became a major site to the Final Solution of the Jewish question. At least 1.1 million people were killed in these camps, around 90% Jewish. 1 of 6 Jewish people killed in the Holoucaust died at one of these camps.
Some people belive that nationalism is the most powerful political force in the world, if that is the case what does the term ultra-nationalism mean and what implactions has it had within the world?
After WW1, appeasement was intoduced in hope of avioding another world war. Appeasement is giving into demands. A foreign policy practiced by both Britain and the United States when they granted Hitler concessions in an effort to avoid World War 2.
Example of ultranationalism in the modern world.
Even in recent years, after the ultranationalistic act of 9/11, the United States invaded and went to war with Iraq and Afghanistan.
Right know, the UN and peace keepers seem to be doing a good job in countries that require help to maintain peace.
The Nazis began experimenting with poison gas in late 1939 with the killing of mental patients. A Nazi euthanasia referred to the systematic killing of those deemed unworthy of life by the Nazis.
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