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Rastafarian subculture

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Jahdae Simon

on 28 May 2014

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Transcript of Rastafarian subculture

Rastafarian Subculture
Major Beliefs
-Live 100% off of the land
-Do not believe in scientific medicine
-Against going to the doctors or hospitals
-Use plants (i.e. gum trees, sour sap trees, dandy lion and the most sacred herb to them, marijuana.
-Use herbs to heal sickness: rubbing herbs on skin, chewing herb leaves, smoking specific herbs, boiling dandelion seeds and drinking the liquid.

Other Beliefs
Rasta's believe that everyone is equal and that we are all brothers and sisters and do not discriminate against skin color.
The rasta culture is frowned upon by mainstream society because comes off as mysterious. The core of the disapproval visited upon the movement is a result of fear of the unknown.
-Damien Marley, son of Bob Marley, has a song called "In 2 Deep" which talks about how some people are focused on being rich rather than keeping their bodies and spirits in a healthy state. These words are prime example of a Rasta's main beliefs and values.
Rastafarian History
Rastafarianism is a relatively new culture. It's history begins with the colonization of Africa. Rasta's believed that suppression of blacks was coming to an end and that they will all soon return to Ethiopia, where it is believed the colonization of Africa began.
In 1930 in Jamaica, a political leader named Marcus Garvey told a prophecy, saying "Look to Africa, where a black king shall be crowned, he shall be your redeemer". Haile Selassie I, an Ethiopian prince soon to be crowned king was believed to be that redeemer. He had strong beliefs in a universal family of all mankind, no matter what skin color.
Halie's original name was Ras Tafari Makkonena, which is where the name of the religion/subculture originated.
Marijuana
-Rasta's live a calm, non-aggressive, stress free life.
-The common misconception of a Rastafarian is that he/she abuses the drug marijuana in pure vanity, except this is not the case.
-Rasta's use marijuana as a stress reliever, they use it during meditation.
Marijuana is thought of and used as medicine. keeping the body 100% healthy is an essential part of their lifestyles.
Norms
Folkway:
-Consuming marijuana either by eating or smoking
-Having dreadlocks
Mores:
-Using man made or unnatural drugs of any kind
-Using materialistic products excessively.
Values:
-Love and forgiveness
-Rastafarian's believe in some of the Bible mixed with some African beliefs and traditions. Rasta's believe that they are one of the twelve tribes of ancient Israel. They believe that Ethiopia is their promised land. -They believe that God took human form first as Christ the messiah then as Ras Tafari, the black messiah.
Clothing
- the Rastafarian dress code requires that clothing be modest and made from natural fibers including animal skins
-Some Rastafarians wear long, dress like african outfits to symbolize the African roots of their tradition
-They also use medallions of Ras Tafari, the lion, the imperial symbol of the Ethiopian throne
-Some of the Rastafari orders have more restrictive dress code, prohibiting shorts or bare backs and discouraging tattoos
Examples of Rastafarian Attire
Bibliography
Karen Duncan: Rasta Culture. (n.d.). Karen Duncan: Rasta Culture. Retrieved May 22, 2014, from http://www.nyu.edu/classes/keefer/com/dunc.html

The Rastafarian Subculture. (n.d.). The Rastafarian Subculture. Retrieved May 22, 2014, from http://ubculture.blogspot.ca

Bob Marley Official Site - Life & Legacy - History. (n.d.). Bob Marley History Comments. Retrieved May 22, 2014, from http://www.bobmarley.com/history

Bob Marley's Influence On Rastafarianism - blogspot.com. (n.d.). . Retrieved May 22, 2014, from http://unit3essay.blogspot.com/

"One Love / People Get Ready" lyrics. (n.d.). BOB MARLEY LYRICS. Retrieved May 22, 2014, from http://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/bobmarley/onelovepeoplegetready.html
Haile Selassie I
Symbols
-Dreadlocks
-Star of David
-Marijuana
-Flag of Ethiopia
-The Lion of the Tribe of Judah
Language
-The original language of the Rastafarian culture is Jamaican patois
-This language has its roots in English and is often called an English dialect, broken English or Jamaican. None of these titles are accurate, Jamaican patois is its own language.
-This language was created during slave times to communicate with each other without slave drivers knowing what was being said.
Hierarchy
-There is no binding or formal hierarchy in the Rastafarian movement. Many Rastafarian's consider hierarchy to be connected to Babylon (a term depicting the Western society and slavery).

Reggae Music and its Effects on Society
-Reggae music expresses a lot of Rastafarian values such as inner peace and peace with others
-In the 1970's, Bob Marley was one of the first to make reggae music an internationally respected genre. This was the first time Rastafari was really preached internationally through music.
-The world's best-known Reggae artist, Bob Marley, incorporated his religion into his music. Bob spread the word of Rastafari through his music. He changed Rastafarianism in the eyes of the world forever.
-The message that Bob wanted to spread is one of simplicity, love and harmony.
-The progressive political ideologies and deep spiritual convictions heard in Bob Marley's music were derived from his firmly rooted commitment to Rastafarian beliefs and its attendant lifestyle.
-Rasafarianism gained millions of new followers, or at least want-to-be followers because of Bob's music, he also spread an interest in the religion and culture to millions who did not become followers too. Everyone who hears his music can relate it to their own spirituality as well as appreciate Bob's point of view and beliefs too.
Bob Marley
Bob Marley and his song,
"One Love"
One love relates to the Rastafarian culture because it's lyrics impose a deeper meaning of unity and no discrimination which is exactly what the culture is about.
Dreads
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