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Women in Islam

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Mari Cartwright

on 19 April 2012

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Transcript of Women in Islam

Muslim Dress Cont.
Submission by Theo Van Gogh and Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Islam means "submission"
Five Pillars: profession of faith, daily prayer, almsgiving, fasting during Ramadan, hajj pilgrimage to Mecca
Sacred texts: Qur'an (Koran), Sharia, Hadith
Founder: Prophet Muhammad
Islam-An Introduction
Women in Islam
Double click to crop it if necessary
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Essential Question
Key Terms
What does it mean to be a Muslim woman?
Hijab: the traditional covering for the hair and neck that is worn by Muslim women; a word meaning general modesty of dress for Muslim women
Mysogyny: hatred, dislike, or mistrust of women
Hajj: the pilgrimage to Mecca, made at least once in devout Muslim's life
Intro Video
Muslim Dress
Gender Roles
Hinderances to Education
Four essential dress principles from the Qur'an:
1. "Our dress must cover our body adequately"
- Men must be covered on their middle body, from navel to knee
- Women's entire body must be covered, excluding the hands and face
- Must not be see-through or tight fitting
2. "Our dress should provide adornment"
- appearance should "not be an eyesore for decent human beings"
- this rule extends the coverage of men to include most of the body
- the hijab rules "aim at protecting them from the gaze of other men"
Muslim Dress cont.
3. "Our dress should establish our Islamic identity"
- should not identify Muslims as followers of another religion
- should identify Muslims as followers of Islam
4. "The design of our dress must avoid three deadly sins"
- show off, arrogance, self indulgence
- One hadith states: "Eat what you feel like and wear what you feel like. But avoid two things: extravagance and arrogance."
Purpose of women is to have children
All marriages must be approved
Purpose: to love, provide company, obey Allah, and procreate
"Mithaq"=marriage covenant. Taken very seriously.
Husband is responsible for wife's well being and vice versa
Genital mutilation/obsession with virginity
1. Husband/guardian must allow her to work.
2. Her family should still be cared for
3. Her work should be appropriate and suitable for her
4. Work should not get in the way of Allah and serving him
5. Must be modest
Muslim Dress cont.

Role of mother
Needs legitimate reason to work outside home
Not required to work
"Victim of Anti-Muslim Attack on Transit Bus Still in Shock"
The Muslim man who was called “Bin Laden” and punched on the face while riding a bus last week said he’s still in shock.
"CAIR Seeks Hate Crime Charges in Assault on Calif. Taxi Driver"
Mon Aug 31, 2009 2:49pm EDT
Police say driver was called 'Taliban' and 'terrorist' by attackers
The UAE needed more people in the military-74 women are chosen to participate with US soldiers training them
Increased phsyical fitness and learned to shoot a gun
Some eventually got positions where they gave commands to men
"'You think we're victims, because we cover our hair and wear modest clothing. But we think that it's the Western women who are repressed, because they have to show their bodies - even go through surgery to change their bodies - to please men.'" pg. 154
"Americans not only come across as patronizing but also often miss the complexity of gender roles in the Islamic world." pg. 154
Morocco: 99.9%
Afghanistan: 99.8%
Tunisia: 99.8%
Iran: 99.6%
Western Sahara: 99.6%
Tajikstan: 99.0%
Yemen: 99.0%
Iraq: 98.9%
Jordan: 98.8%
Mayotte: 98.8%
"A window into the squandered human resources in conservative Muslim societies is the Women's Detention Center in Kabul, Afghanistan. The jail is a single-story compound behind a wall in the heart of the city, without guard towers or coils of barbed wire. It's inmates include teenage girls and young women who were suspected of having a boyfriend and then subjected to a "viginity test" - a hymen inspection. Those who's hymens were not intact were then prosecuted and typically jailed for a few years." pg. 155
Qiwamah- the belief that men are guardians of Muslim women
Qiwamah and early marriage prevent education
opening schools is difficult based on old beliefs
one woman opened a school disguised as an orphanage
"Men rioted in protest at the opening of the first girl's school" (Brooks)
University of Gaza
Campus is split down the middle-one side for men and one for women
Every woman is veiled
Mostly male professors
Men can't talk to women alone-must be with someone else
Graduation at the University
Education continued
Islam considers men and women to be equal in pursuit of education
Muhammad declared seeking after knowledge obligatory for Muslim men and women
Fatima, one of Muhammads wives, started the first degree-granting university
"The Koran explicitly endorses some gender discrimination: a woman's testimony counts only half as much as man's, and a daughter inherits only half as much as a son." pg. 151
Gender Roles cont.
4:34 "As for those from whom ye fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and beat them."
Is this true?
Gender Roles Cont.
4:34: "As for women you feel are averse, talk to them persuasively; then leave them alone in bed (without molesting them), and go to bed with them (when they are willing)."
Islam intro and video
Muslim Dress
Gender Roles
Power of Language
Stereotypes of Muslim Women
1. Muslim men are encouraged to have more than one wife and as a result, 25% of men in Muslim societies of the East have more than one wife.
2. In Saudi Arabia women are not allowed to drive, but Muhammad allowed his wives to drive camels.
3. All Muslim women are required to wear a hijab when outside of the house.
4. Muslim women are placed into arranged marriages and don’t have any say in the matter.
5. Some Muslim women are recruited to be in the military.
6. Unlike Christians, Muslims do not blame Eve along with Adam for the First Sin.
Which of these statements are true and which are false?
Essential Question
What does it mean to be a Muslim woman?
Just as with women of other cultures and religions, Muslim women dress very differently from each other. They dress based on personal opinions and beliefs, and what their families believe they should wear, just as other women around the world.
Sexual freedom
Female infanticide
Polygamy allowed but wife can't have affairs.
Obedience and subssion
Deceptive lives (abortions)
Stereotypes. Does not apply to all Muslim women
Publicity is important
Women in Saudi Arabia
Very limited freedoms
Wear abayas
Segregation of the sexes
Segregated schools
Not allowed to drive
Don't work in public
Muslim Women Intro
Conditions for women declined shortly after the advent of Islam
Men and women are equal in the Koran but men are supposed to protect
Western Influence
Western "superiority"
Feminist movement
Men don't have to get married
Should look at each other critically
Both should be attentive to each other's needs
Muslim women face many stereotypes and have, over time, run into situations that keep them from some of their rights. However, Islam does not say that women are inferior to men and Muslim women are slowly regaining some of their rights today.
Essential Question
Daily Prayer
Fajr: morning prayer, means dawn in Arabic; 5:10 am
Sunrise: prayer at sunrise; 6:31 am
Dhuhr: midday prayer; sometimes know as the actual 2nd prayer; 12:23 pm
Asr: afternoon daily prayer 3:38 pm
Maghrib: evening prayer, right after sunset; 6:15 pm
Ishra'a: Nighttime daily prayer; 7:36 pm
Rank of Countries by Percentage of Muslim Population
Brain Break!
What comes to mind when you think of Muslim women in the workforce?
Brain Break!
What previous knowledge do you have about Muslims and women?
Power of Language
"Which religion is the most violent?"
Results of a survey taken by Americans in 2006, when asked to choose between these four options

Pop Quiz!

1. What is the Arabic name for the afternoon daily prayer?
2. Is Saudi Arabia known as a very strict Islamic state or a very free Islamic state?
3. Which country has the highest percentage of Muslim population?
4. What is the second Essential Dress Principle for Muslims?
5. What is the name of the veil worn by some Muslim women that covers everything but her eyes?
Pop Quiz!
6. What was the significance of the 5 different women in the video?
7. Why were the non-Arabic translations of the Koran burned?
8. What does the West do that causes Muslims to have backwards progress?
9. What is misogyny?
10. What is the bikini that Muslim women wear called? :)
Conservative vs Liberal cultural pressure
Muhammad's belief in equality
Common words used to degrade Muslims in America
Bin Laden
Words with Power
limited polygamy
"Is Islam mysogenistic? One answer is historical, and it is no. When Muhammad introduced Islam in the 7th century, it was a step forward for women. Islamic law banned the previously common practice of female infanticide, and it limited polygamy to four wives who were supposed to be treated equally"

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