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Integumentary System


karen sanchez

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Integumentary System

BY:Karen Sanchez
Favian Blanco Integumentary System Skin
Largest organ in your body
4 main functions
Immune support
Protective Barrier
Regulates temperature
Sensory receptors What is the Integumentary system? Epidermis layer Made up of 5 layers
Stratum Corneum:top layer made
mostly out of dead cells
Stratum Lucidum:helps reduce
Stratum Granulosum:Keratin protein
and water lipids are produce here
Stratum Spinosum:keratin begins to
be synthesis
Stratum Basale:Lowest layer
Melanin is also produced here Dermis Has 2 Layers
Elastic tissue,
and Reticular fibers are found 2 Important functions:
supports the epidermis with vital nutrients
keeps thermal regulation Papillary layer Lower layer
Made up of thick collagen
strengthens the skin providing structure and elasticity Reticular layer Epidermis extended Blood vessels
Lymph vessels
Hair follicles
Sweat glands
Apocrine glands
Eccrine glands
Sebaceous glands
Nerve endings Made mostly of fat
Provides thermal isolation
Large blood vessels
Underneath resides the muscle Subcutaneous layer Skin disease
Causes red, itchy scaly patches
Cell turn over happens in days
Not contagious
Begins with the immune system
Stress, infections, weather changes and medicens Psoriasis Absence of pigmentation in the skin, eyes and hair
Hereditary disease
Susceptible to sunburn
5 different types
affects production of melanin Albinism 3 types
First degree
Secound degree
Third degree
exposure to heat
Cause swelling, blistering and scaring Burns Regions or division in the body that guide to the structures beneath Topographic anatomy Anotomic Position Patient is facing you
Arms at the side
Palms facing foward Frontal (coronal) plane
Transverse (horizontal) plane
Sagittal plane
Midsagittal plane (midline) Planes of the body Anterior/Posterior
Superficial/Deep Directional Flexion
Bilateral Movement RUQ
LLQ Abdominal Quadrants Prone
Shock position (tredenlensburg)
Fowlers position
Recovery position Anatomic Position
Full transcript