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Unit 5 Executive Branch and Bureaucracy
Transcript of Unit 5 Executive Branch and Bureaucracy
Executive Branch and Bureaucracy
What are the formal and informal powers of the Presidency?
The president's formal powers are the power to appoint (federal judges), of commander-in-chief (and the entire military powers and limitations), foreign affairs (and diplomatic missions), executive clemency (pardoning crimes), emergency power (90 days of unneeded Congressional approval involving military powers and funds), and veto (to not allow a non-beneficial bill pass, unless they can cooperate and vote a majority for it again). The president's informal power is the power over policy making (in terms of approval and influence over what is put into it).
How does the president use these powers to influence policy?
The president use these powers to influence policy by passing unilateral bills without Congressional approval, pass approved bills with statements on how he perceived the bill and what he will do in response to his interpretation, or veto the bill - forcing Congress together and voting on the bill again.
Is the president too powerful or not powerful enough in comparison to the judicial and/or legislative branches?
The president is too powerful in comparison to the other two branches because the president doesn't need to fight with others to get his point across - as compared to the 9 in the Judicial and 535 in the Legislative. In addition to that, there is the fact that the president has power do, literally, whatever he deems safe for the nation (not unlike those concentration camps for the Japanese when they were fighting against those in Germany).
What are the specific issues addressed in public policy making?
Specific issues addressed in public policy making include crime, education, foreign policy, health, and social welfare
Define the "iron Triangle," does it exist and if so how does it influence policy implementation?
The Iron Triangle is the policy-making relationship between the bureaucracy, interest groups, and congressional committees. It influences policy implementation by getting interests groups focused on a certain policy that will benefit them, sponsor the congressional committees to follow through on their word to hire bureaucracy agencies to focus on making sure that the policy is properly implemented; and this process repeats with each favorable policy passed.
Who controls the bureaucracy: The president? Congress? The People?
Although the President does hold the power to appoint and make direct agencies and that Congress uses congressional oversight and appropriations, ultimately, the people control the bureaucracy because whatever the two branches do, the people will be there to express concerns, approval, and disapproval over their actions - which will definitely affect their chances of a re-election and/or cooperation from the people.
Does a largely permanent professional bureaucracy serve democracy?
A largely professional bureaucracy does not serve democracy because of the corruption involved with the bureaucratic system involving elections-turned-popularity-contest. In addition to that, the bureaucracy should not even be serving democracy, it should be serving the people
Can the growth of the bureaucracy in America be stopped or even slowed down?
The growth of the American bureaucracy can be slowed to a stop if conditions within the government are ideal for the nation's benefit - but let's be honest, since when have American's been satisfied with life in America? The approach of this can be equated to a science experiment: if conditions are ideal, some resources aren't needed to help sustain life, but if conditions are not ideal, then continual growth and expansion is required to meet the standard until life can be self-sufficient.
Does Congress practice effective oversight of the bureaucracy?
In theory, Congress has more than enough power over the bureaucracy - such as committees tracking their actions and veto's that practically control their legislation and jurisdiction - the effectiveness depends on who is running Congress and what their goal is in terms of the bureaucracy.
What would America be without bureaucracy?
Although America's functionality will be compromised, without the bureaucracy, the American government will be one less of a source of implementers and regulators. This won't stop the implementation of policies, but it will slow the process until the government can find a proper replacement to take care of the problem, most likely through more committees covering more areas.
How might the level of control over the bureaucracy lend to corruption in the bureaucratic machine?
The level of control over the bureaucracy might lend to the corruption in the bureaucratic machine by having it become a complex system of "alliances" and partnerships to achieve certain goals that more than likely only benefit a certain amount and type of people.