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earl bunao

on 28 April 2013

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Transcript of Nonverbal

NONVERBAL C O M M U N I C A T I O N by GROUP 3, COMM 3 - X4 4 PICS 1 WORD Mechanics: MODIFIED CHARADES 1. 1 guesser will stand in front, facing the class.
2. The game master will post the word/phrase to be guessed on the board.
3. The guessing will begin as soon as the g.m. winks.
4. On guessing:
a. The guesser can choose up to three from his column to act the word/phrase
b. There will be a time limit of 1 minute for guessing each round
(3 Actors chosen may be allotted different amount of time)
5. The winning group will be determined through:
a. Number of words successfully guessed.
b. In case of a tie, there will be a surprise tie breaker. INTRODUCTION "Those of us who keep
our eyes open can read
volumes into what
we see going on
around us." Mark L. Knapp (1972) ~ Edward Hall Likewise, we can add:
Those of us who keep our ears open can hear tomes from the voices and sounds resonating around us. This chapter teaches us
that there's more to human
communication than
reaches the ear. Concepts like kinesics, paralanguage and proxemics. - Guides oral communicators to attain a more attentive posture, a refinement of our communication stance, so to speak. What is Nonverbal communication? "If words are neither written nor spoken, they are nonverbal in nature." Ruesch and Kees (1956) Such as:
the nuances which surround or accompany words:
voice tone, pitch range, articulation control.
(these are nonverbal, frequently termed
paralanguage) Vaughan & Hogg (1998)

"Nonverbal communication is the transfer of meaningful information from one person to another by means other than written or spoken language." C CATEGORIES
LANGUAGE A system of communication using visual gestures and signs. SIGN LANGUAGE ACTION LANGUAGE Includes all gestures, posture, facial expressions and movements that are NOT used exclusively as substitutes for words. OBJECT LANGUAGE Refers to the display of material things -- art objects, clothes, decoration of a room, physical appearance like hair styles and so on. PRINCIPLES
NONVERBAL MESSAGES - The meaning in nonverbal communication is not only in the actions or gestures or signs, meaning can also be found in the setting, time, and others.

- But that doesn't mean that we can always get the meaning of nonverbal messages even if we understand the context. Nonverbal communication, like verbal communication, is contextual. Nonverbal behaviors are wholes, not parts or segments. - Nonverbal messages are acted out through nonverbal behavior totally, two messages can't be sent at once. Nonverbal behaviors always communicate. - Everything we do, or not do, will mean something to somebody. Nonverbal communication follows certain rules. - There are certain actions whose messages may be viewed in a bad way in some cultures.

- Nonverbal communication is learned as people grow up. Nonverbal communication is motivated. - Emotions, thoughts, and ideas cause people to act in different ways. Nonverbal behavior is more credible than verbal communication. - Messages sent nonverbally usually speak more truth than messages sent verbally.

- Equation for total impact by Albert Mehrabian: Total impact = 0.7 verbal + 0.38 vocal + 0.55 facial Nonverbal communication often refers to other communications. - Nonverbal behavior interacts with other nonverbal or verbal messages, either reinforcing them or contradicting them. Mechanics: 1. The 8 players would stand in circle facing each other.
2. The game master would give each one a random card.
3. After all players receive their cards, they may look at it.
Please take note of the following:
King = Killer
Queen = Police
Jack = Judge
7,8,9,10 = Civilian
Ace = Bait
4. The killer will be given 2 minutes each round to kill the judge or at least 3 civilians
(This is done by winking ones right eye to the person to be killed)
(Wherein, the bait will wink through his left eye)
5. The killer must not wink to the police or it will automatically mean defeat.
6. The police on the other hand is to arrest the killer.
(Arrest of anyone besides the killer will automatically mean victory) Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 5. Proxemics – The study of how man uses his personal and social space in relation to others. Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 4. Paralanguage
- It is a concept that deals with “how something is said not what is said”.

- 2 Components (Traeger, 1958)

Voice Qualities

Vocalizations Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 1. Body Motion or Kinesics (moving or dynamic)

c. Affect Displays – Facial or bodily configurations that speaks volumes about how a person feels. Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) Knapp and De Vito Dimensions of
Nonverbal Communication 6. Artifacts – These are objects or things in contact with the interactants that may serve as nonverbal stimuli.

e.g. lipstick, false eyelashes other beauty aids Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 4. Paralanguage
- 2 Components (Traeger, 1958)
c) Vocal Segregates – These are such things as uh-huh, um, ammm, ah and other forms there of. Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 4. Paralanguage
- 2 Components (Traeger, 1958)
b) Vocal Qualifiers – intensity (too loud to too soft), pitch height (too high to too low), and extent (extreme drawl to extreme clipping). Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 4. Paralanguage
- 2 Components (Traeger, 1958)
a) Vocal Characterizers - laughing, yawning, sighing, yawning, belching etc. Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 4. Paralanguage
- 2 Components (Traeger, 1958)
Voice Qualities – Qualities like pitch range, pitch control, rhythm control, tempo, articulation control, resonance, glottis control and vocal lip control are included here. Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 2. Physical Characteristics (non-moving or static)

-These are influential nonverbal cues that emanate from physique or body shape.
e.g. General Attractiveness, body or breath odors, height, weight, hair, skin tone color etc. Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 1. Body Motion or Kinesics (moving or dynamic)

b. Illustrators – Body movements that go with words. Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 1. Body Motion or Kinesics (moving or dynamic)

a. Emblem – These are nonverbal acts which correspond to a direct translation or dictionary definition. Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972)

1. Body Motion or Kinesics (moving or dynamic) Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 7. Environmental Factors – These are elements in the surroundings that impinge on the human relationship but are not directly a part of it. Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 3. Touch Behavior (Haptics)
- These are any form of nonverbal communication involving touch. Touching conveys a whole array of emotion or affective state.

e.g. Kissing, stroking, patting etc Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 1. Body Motion or Kinesics (moving or dynamic)

e. Adaptors – Things we do physically to make ourselves feel better rooted from a certain feeling i.e. anxiety.

e.g. Scratching the head – not really itchy but still do Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) 1. Body Motion or Kinesics (moving or dynamic)

d. Regulators – This is what communicators use to let all the parties involved know how the conversation is going (i.e. nodding and/or eye movement). Seven Dimensions (Knapp, 1972) These are nonverbal behavior related to movement. FUNCTION OF
NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION Repeating Nonverbal communication simply retreats what was said verbally. Contradicting Nonverbal messages or cues are usually consistent with verbal messages, but at times, nonverbal behavior contradicts or opposes verbal behavior. Substituting Nonverbal behavior can alternate for verbal behavior. Complementing Nonverbal behavior serves to modify or elaborate on verbal messages. Accenting Behavior of the head or hands usually serves to stress, emphasize or make a verbal point stronger. Extreme cases can exhibit the nonverbal behavior of foot thumping. Ekman (1964) found that the face mainly exhibits emotions, but the body carries the most accurate indicators of the level of arousal or intensity. Relating and Regulating These are nonverbal behaviors that maintain and control or regulate the communication flow between two or more persons.

Birdwhistell, a noted authority on nonverbal behavior makes the following estimates:

a) The average person speaks words for a total of 10 to 11 minutes daily, the standard spoken sentence taking only 2.5 seconds;

b) Less than 35% is carried by the verbal component in a conversation of two persons, the 65% plus being carried on the nonverbal band.
Social psychologist Edward T. Hall outlines 10 different kinds of human activity, which he called “primary message systems” but only one of them is language. 3. Silence, Paralanguage and Temporal Communication 2. Space Communication 1. Body Communication 3.2. Paralanguage b. Territoriality – It is the way in which you communicate who you are and your comfort zone and your area. 2. Space Communication c. Eye Communication 1. Body Communication b. Facial Communication 1. Body Communication a. Gestural Communication 1. Body Communication 1. Body Communication

2. Space Communication

3. Silence, Paralanguage and Temporal Communication Three Dimensions (De Vito, 1986) - Nonverbal elements that are held at a minimum. 3.1. Silence c. Aesthetics and Colors 2. Space Communication a. Proxemics 2. Space Communication d. Touch Communication 1. Body Communication - The way a person treats time reveals something about that person. 3.3. Time Factors Influencing Your Voice: - Physical makeup

- Psychological factors

- Past and present environment

- Regional dialects

- Reactions to particular communication situations Characteristics of an Effective Voice: a. "To be heard is good but to be understood is better".

b. Audibility is the effective use of force and the need for vocal projection.

c. Adjustment of volume of one's voice to the size of the audience and competing noises.

d. Exercises in improving breath control and projection are recommended. 1. Audibility a. Voice - Blueprint of one's personality.

b. Being pleasant is associated with the speaker's appearance, likeability, and personality.

c. Production of pleasing vocal quality: one's speaking mechanism must be relaxed.
- This will produce a well-modulated, smooth and resonant voice.

d. Unpleasant Voices: nasal, shrill, raspy, breathy, weak, and whiny. 2. Pleasant a. Fluency is the smooth, easy and ready flow of utterances.

b. Production: A general tempo suited to the occasion, message, or the speaker.

c. Necessities: Use of appropriate pauses and eliminating hesitations. 3. Fluency 4. Flexibility a. Helps hold attention, clarify meaning, and gets the desired response.

b. Proper use of the aspects of voice enhances the meaning and mood to be conveyed.

Such as: a. Pitch
b. Rate
c. Volume
d. Quality

c. Example: actor vs. newscaster Improving One’s Speaking Voice Open your mouth
Make your voice travel
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