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Types of Claims
Transcript of Types of Claims
Types of Claims* for ARP
Claims of Fact or Definition
Claims aiming for a direct cause/effect relationship between two things. The relationship between the things is debatable.
If few people assert against a cause/effect relationship, it is a poor claim.
Claims should have numerous arguments for/against these relationships (this = debatability).
Claims About Cause and Effect
Claims About Value
Claims About Solution or Policy
Claims about "facts" or "truths" that are not easily determined or defined or that are debatable. They state a condition that has, does or will exist.
People disagree about definitions, especially of abstract terms (such as "discrimination")
A poor claim of fact is not debatable--you can find the answer and determine it's true. Or false.
"Ohio State was founded last year by your mom."
This is a poor claim. I can research this and find it false.
*Grades measure a student's achievement.
*Polygraph tests accurately reveal when a person is lying.
A student's grades (
) affect admission to college (
Few people would argue against this. This is a poor claim.
*Texting in schools improves the quality of education.
Claims about value state or imply that something is good or bad, or assess the worth or merit of something.
They lead to evaluative arguments (whether the thing is good or bad).
If people can easily identify a claim as "good" or "bad" it is a poor claim (not debatable).
Murder is unethical.
This is very clearly bad. I hope this is clear to you. This is not debatable. Murder=Bad. Murder=Jail.
*Capital Punishment is
*Boxing is a dehumanizing
Claims should call for enactment of a policy (a law or rule). Whether the policy/solution should go into effect is debatable.
These claims occur along with the first three claims (which are...)
First a problem will be demonstrated, then this claim can be presented.
Sometimes identifiable by the word "should."
Drunk drivers should be punished.
Most people agree with this; it is not usually debatable, so it is a poor claim.
*The penalty for drunk driving should be a mandatory jail sentence and a loss of a driver's license.