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Beatriz Massena Martins

on 5 March 2015

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Transcript of FEMINISM

What is Feminism?
Feminism is
; it aims to raise awareness about the implicit
that exists in our world and to challenge structural and institutional barriers. The feminists can be either male or female human beings, although the ideology is commonly (and perhaps falsely) associated mainly with women.

The basic idea of Feminism revolves around the principle that just because human bodies are designed to perform certain procreative functions, biological elements need to not dictate intellectual and social functions, capabilities, and rights.

Feminism also, by its nature, embraces the belief that all people are entitled to freedom and liberty within reason, including
equal civil rights
and that discrimination should not be made based on
gender, sexual orientation, skin colour, ethnicity, religion, culture, or lifestyle.
But if it is about equality, then why is it called
Female gender is the gender that suffers more/most ? oppression in our society, so it is the one that feminism seeks to raise in order to reach a balance between both genders.
Several people have a wrong idea about the meaning of "feminist". It's common the association between the word feminist and a female person who believes in empowerment of women in a way that oppresses men.

“I am reaching out to you because I need your help. We want to end gender inequality—and to do that we need everyone to be involved.”
I was appointed six months ago and the more I have spoken about feminism the more I have realized that fighting for women’s rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop.
For the record, feminism by definition is: “The belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes.”
Emma Watson, 20 September 2014

What is SEXISM ?
Sexism is a synonym for gender discrimination.
It is the prejudice based on a person's gender.
Sexism affects men and women, but especially women.
It is linked to stereotypes and
gender roles
, and it assumes that a gender is superior to another. Sexism leads to sexual harassment, rape and other forms of sexual violence.
Sexism in our daily lives
Sexism is hidden everywhere. It is in the movies that we like, in the songs that we listen, in the books that we read, and all over the news. Because of the influence that the media has over us, it is also in our thoughts and words, even if we don't realize it.
Blurred Lines -
Robin Thicke, Pharrell Williams and TI

This song was one of the summer hits of 2013, selling thousands of records.

But have you ever stopped to think about the lyrics?

All about that bass
All about that bass has good intentions: it passes the idea that women are perfect regardless of their size.

Then what is the problem?
Pay attention to the following verses:

"Yeah, my momma she told me don't
worry about your size
She says, boys like a little more booty to hold at night"

This song doesn't value women because of themselves, it teaches women that they only matter if men find them attractive.
Sexism in our words
On our daily basis we use some expressions that seem innocent, but have sexism as their origin:

"You run/scream/hit/play (...) like a girl"
"You shouldn't hit girls not even with flowers"
"Be a man" or "Man up"
"You must be on your period!" - a common response to a woman defending her opinion with conviction, or when one is simply in a bad mood
When someone is being weak, they are "a little girl"
Important people for feminism
Feminism trough time
Beatriz Marçal
Beatriz Massena
João Dias
Hillary Clinton
(26/10/1947 - present)
Hillary Clinton's political career may have started off as First Lady to her husband, President Clinton, but that was just beginning. Since he left office, she's served as a New York Senator, Secretary of State, as well as gotten the closest a woman ever has to securing a presidential nomination. In a September 1995 speech, Clinton argued very forcefully against practices that abused women around the world, declaring "that it is no longer acceptable to discuss women's rights as separate from human rights". Since then she has never given up.
Feminism in Portugal
Carolina Beatriz Ângelo
( 4/06/1878 – 3/10/1911) was a doctor and a portuguese feminist. Being widow allowed her to plead in court the right to be considered “householder”, becoming the first woman to vote in the country, in 1911.

Adelaide de Jesus Damas Brazão Cabete
(25/01/1867 —14/09/1935) was one of the main portuguese feminists in the XX century. Convicted republican, was an obstetrician, gynecologist, professor, publicist, pacifist, abolitionist, advocate for animals and humanist.
Adelaide pioneered the claim of women’s rights, and for over twenty years, chaired the Conselho Nacional das Mulheres Portuguesas. In that position, she demanded the right of women having a month off before giving birth and in 1912 she also claimed women's right to vote.
A gender role is a set of social behavioral norms that, within a specific culture, are widely considered to be socially appropriate for individuals of a specific sex.
All about that bass
tries to empower women, but it ends up doing the opposite.
Just like this song, the following video faces the same problem.
"Some people ask: “Why the word feminist? Why not just say you are a believer in human rights, or something like that?” Because that would be dishonest. Feminism is, of course, part of human rights in general - but to choose to use the vague expression human rights is to deny the specific and particular problem of gender. It would be a way of pretending that it was not women who have, for centuries, been excluded. It would be a way of denying that the problem of gender targets women.”
Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, in We Should All Be Feminists
The girl in this video is presented as an object to be acted upon. She never speaks and we know nothing about her, and because of that, when the man asks the boys what they like about her, right away they go with physical traits.

The boys had absolutely no problem touching her when they thought it was a nice touch. In the end the man tells them to kiss her. The boy then asks the man, not the girl, if he can kiss her on the lips or the cheek. This gives the impression that as long as the boy thinks it is a “nice touch” he can go ahead and do it. He doesn’t have to get consent and of course it isn’t wrong because it is “nice”. This is the basis of rape.

When the boys are asked to slap her and they refuse, it is because “you aren’t supposed to hit girls”, “I am a boy/man and we don’t hit girls”, “she is too pretty to be hit”. This young girl is completely robbed of her agency and personhood. You shouldn’t hit her because she is a person. As one of the little boys does point out “violence is wrong.”

Emmeline Pankhurst
(15/07/1858 - 14/06/1928)
English suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst had some intense tactics to insure that the vote for women was granted, including hunger strikes, chaining herself to rails and even violence. While her methods were controversial, no one can argue that she had a tremendous impact on the women's suffrage movement. Sadly, she died just three weeks before the vote was given to British women over the age of 21.

A term used to define all people of a certain belief into a mostly negative category that may only reflect a selected few of the racial demographics
Examples of issues that feminism tries to solve
Men’s Issues

Societal expectations of masculinity
Societal expectations to provide for women
No long term reversible male birth control
Men who are raped are more likely to remain silent and be dismissed or outright laughed at
Unfair treatment in child custody battles
No support for male victims of domestic abuse
Women's Issues

Unrealistic expectations of women
Wage discrimination based on gender
Not being fairly and proportionally represented in the media
Uneven occupational sex segregation
Pregnancy discrimination in the workplace
Sexual Violence
Getting blamed and shamed
Human trafficking/Sex slavery
First-wave feminism refers to a period of feminist activity during the 19th and early 20th century throughout the world, particularly in the United Kingdom, Canada, the Netherlands and the United States. It focused on legal issues, primarily on gaining women's suffrage (the right to vote).

The second wave of feminism, which emerged in the 1960s to 1970s, was linked to the radical voices of women’s empowerment and differential rights. It was also focused on the notion and interests of oppressed groups such as employed women, black women and homosexuals.

Third-wave feminists from the mid-1990s onward see themselves as capable, strong, and assertive social agents having more opportunities.They fight for less sexism and seek to overcome the theoretical question of difference. It is also a transversal politic that recognizes different ethnics, class, sexual orientation, etc.

Hedy Lamarr
(9/11/1914 - 19/01/2000)
Lamarr bucked societal notions that women couldn't be both smart and sexy at a time when they were encouraged to be neither. Though known best for her acting career, Lamarr was also an inventor who co-created technology essential to controlling torpedoes during World War II, work which later enabled Wi-Fi and Bluetooth technology.

Despite her accomplishments, Lamarr faced pushback due to her gender. When she attempted to join the National Inventors Council so she could contribute to war efforts, Lamarr was reportedly told that she should instead use her celebrity status to sell war bonds. Luckily, she continued to invent anyway, and her contributions to the war and society at large were formally recognized in 2014 when she was inducted into the Inventor's Hall of Fame.
Emma Charlotte Duerre Watson
(15/04/1990 - present) is an english actress, model, and activist. Watson rose to prominence as Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter film series. She was appointed as a UN Women Goodwill Ambassador (United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women) and helped launch the UN Women campaign HeForShe, which calls for men to advocate gender equality. Her speech on the gender equality was widely discussed.

"Men—I would like to take this opportunity to extend your formal invitation. Gender equality is your issue too.
Because to date, I’ve seen my father’s role as a parent being valued less by society despite my needing his presence as a child as much as my mother’s.

I’ve seen young men suffering from mental illness unable to ask for help for fear it would make them look less “macho”—in fact in the UK suicide is the biggest killer of men between 20-49 years of age; eclipsing road accidents, cancer and coronary heart disease. I’ve seen men made fragile and insecure by a distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don’t have the benefits of equality either.

We don’t often talk about men being imprisoned by gender stereotypes but I can see that they are and that when they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence."

Malala Yousafzai
(12/07/1997 - present)
She may be young, but Malala Yousafzai has already become a household name. The Pakistani teen stood up to the Taliban by writing a blog for the BBC (starting when she was just 11-years-old) about conditions under their rule. The Taliban retaliated with an ambush shooting. Malala survived and continues to fight for education for girls.
Thicke sings “I know you want it,” a phrase that many sexual assault survivors report their rapists saying to justify their actions.

Further on, the phrase “You’re a good girl" suggests that a good girl will not show her reciprocal desire (if it exists). Therefore, for good girls, silence is consent and “no” really means “yes.”

"Do it like it hurt, do it like it hurt, what you don’t like work?"
This lyric suggests that women are supposed to enjoy pain during sex or that pain is part of sex.

The woman’s desires play no part in this scenario – except if he wants them to matter — another parallel to the act of rape: sexual assault is not just about sex, but also about a physical and emotional demonstration of power.

"The way you grab me.
Must wanna get nasty."

This is victim-blaming. A dance, an outfit, a smile — sexy or not — does not indicate consent. This idea, though, is pervasive and believed by rapists.

Blurred Lines is about male desire and male dominance over a woman’s personal sexual agency. Instead of treating a woman like a human being and respecting her, she’s relegated to the role of existing only for the pleasure of a man.

There are no “blurred lines.” There is only one line: consent
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