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Transcript of CHILD LABOUR
Child labour primarily occurs in Asia and the Pacific (approximately 114 million) , around 14 million in Latin America and 65 million in sub-Saharan Africa
Why did child labour start?
Where does this issue primarily occur?
Is the Canadian government doing enough?
The Canadian government use the laws that the International Labour Organization (ILO) adopted, Convention 182 on the Prohibition and Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour and other forms of work likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children. Canada participated in the drafting of this convention, ratified it in 2000 and encourages countries which have not yet done so to sign and ratify the agreement. Canada has also made substantial contributions to the ILO’s International Program for the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) and Statistical Information and Monitoring Program on Child Labour Program (SIMPOC).
Monday, March 17, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Child Labour: Still a Nightmare
I think that the Canadian government should do more because if Canada gets more involved we might be able to get more support and get rid of child labour. They should have more organizations that educates canadians about child labour and ways to decrease or eliminate it.The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) funds projects which promote affordable access to primary education and they are trying to collect more money to help the child labour.
Should the Canadian government should do more?
What is Child Labour ?
Child labour affects everyone, the child himself/herself, ordinary people and businesses. This affects ordinary people because everyone uses products that have been made by a child and if there wasn’t child labour then we wouldn’t a lot of products available to us. For example, the oranges that come from Brazil are handpicked by Brazilian children. If these children didn’t pick the oranges we probably wouldn’t have oranges juice or other orange products. Child labour affects businesses because without child labour they wouldn’t be able to make and produce their products. They would have more expenses and less income. Most importantly child labour affects the child; they are put into dangerous and unhealthy situations that will stay with them forever and worst of all they don’t have a childhood. Children have higher chances of getting injured and have problems like no growth development, more intakes of chemical toxins in body and etc.
Child labour began in United States at the same time as the industrial revolution, which was around the 1800's. The children, who had to work, didn't have an opportunity to get an education, and so they weren't able to find and get good jobs later. Most jobs done by child labourers are very dangerous such as miming companies that uses explosives.
Child labour is work done by children under the age of 15 that is full-time, unsafe and it interferes with their education. Also, it is work that is exploitative, and work which damages their physical, mental, social or psychological development.The issue is that many children, that are from very poor families, are sent to work to pay for their family or their education. The kids that work in agriculture, mining, and construction don't have proper health care. Due to their inexperience for the jobs, there are high risks of accidents which affect their health. Each year, 2.7 million lives are lost due to child labour ,mostly in agriculture. It is estimated that right now there are about 250 million children working as child labourers in this world
Child labour started because of developing countries and poverty, many of the children were forced into child labour because they came from very poor families. Child labour mostly accures in developing countries because of the countries low income. Many families can not afford to take care of their children so they send them to work.
Who does this issue affect?
THE UNITED NATIONS
The UN (aka United Nations) is a government organization that deals with world issues. ILO (aka International labour organization) is an organization that has been made by the UN to prevent anything to do with labour work such as child labour. The role of the UN is that they make sure there aren’t any businesses using child labour to make their products. The UN also helps with raising awareness and have made conventions. The UN are trying their best to completely stop child labour because they believe that if it isn't stopped now then child labour will increase way more in the future.
The NGO (aka Non-Government Organization) that deals with issues such as rights, education and health. The role of NGO is to help decrease or eliminate child labour. They have campaigns, they monitor places to make sure that there is no child labour being used and they also raise awareness about child labour as well. They currently have organizations working to prevent child labour in Peru, CostaRica, Philippine, India, Togo and Tanzania.
THE UNITED NATIONS VERSES FREE THE CHILD
THE UNITED NATIONS
FREE THE CHILDREN (NGO)
• ILO conventions, so basically having treaties with other member of states about child labour
• Promotion by raising awareness to the public showing the cause and effects of child labour
• Different agencies such as ILO, IPEC and UNICEF working to eliminate child labour
• Worldwide, they have different campaigns all around the world trying to eliminate child labour
Have different programs that raises awareness about child labour
They are a charity organization so they collect donations
They educate children all around the world about child labour
Help to empower children
HOW CAN YOU GET INVOLVED
Volunteer at Free the Children ,has many different campaigns for helping reduce child labour
We Create Change is an campaign, which is raising money to help people in developing countries have better lives.We are Silent is another campaign, which is staying silent for 24 hours and taking a stand for those who do not have rights to speak for themselves
Other ways you can help is knowing if the companies that you buy your products from do not use child labour so that if they do then you can decrease child labour by not buying a product from those companies
Get other people informed and support preventing child labour
Join VON at SATEC or other volunteer places dealing with child labour
WHICH ORGANIZATION IS MORE EFFECTIVE
I think that Free the Children is more effective because they are able to communicate with the public more then the UN. Free the Children educates people about child labour and also encourages support to end it. Un is less interactive with the public.
Approximately how many children are child labourers
What is child labour?
Child labour is work done by children under the age of 15 that is full-time, unsafe and it interferes with their education
Why is that child labour still exist?
Child labour still exist because of poverty and developing countries.
How can this issue be resolved
Approximately 250 million