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Transcript of TRAVELING
KIRKPINAR OIL WRESTLING
- National Sport
Oldest sport in Turkey
Originated in 1357 Rumeila
Essential called the Balkan Peninsula which was ruled by the Ottoman Empire at the time
In this sport, wrestlers would wear tight short leather trousers called Kispet, which are made from the leather of buffalo and then cover themselves in oil
It's just like wrestling in general. the objective of the game is to force the other camel to retreat, scream (it's like tapping out of a match), or knock-down where the animals knock each other over onto their sides
It's a strictly government regulated sport
Each match is only allowed 15 minutes of wrestling
The objective: is to force the other bull to retreat, or sometimes fight to the death
but now in modern times, it's strictly government regulated to protect the animals from causing life threatening injuries
GAME OF JEREED
Involves two horsemen whose objective is throw javelins at each other to score points
The sport was mainly popularized by men of war during the Ottoman Empire
Later banned in the 19th century due to the dangerous elements of the game by Sultan Mahmut II
Still practiced in most regions in Turkey only for ceremonial reasons
Traidtional Turkey Sports
Turkey's topography clearly shows the country's high elevation. Half of the land above 1000 meters and two thirds higher than 800 meters. Horizontal mountain ranges across the country parallel with coast lines cause major factors to ecological conditions. Majority of Turkey also lies within an earthquake zone, with recurrent tremors recorded.
Turkey has many major trade routes due to its continental character, preserved as Asia Minor. Total land mass of Turkey is slightly larger than Texas. Climates in some provinces may experience temperature changes of 68 degrees Fahrenheit in a single day. Typical Spring weather may resemble two or even three seasons around the country in a single day. From arid highlands to heavily forested areas, typography and climate both play key roles to the distribution of wildlife around the country. Both in quantity and ranges of species.
Adequate climate, fertile soil and abundant rainfall allow for almost any crops to grow. Farming is majority of Turkish occupations.
Turkey is one of the largest agricultural land countries in the world with about 36% of the land arable. Wheat is the leading crop.
Despite the decline in the last 30 years, agriculture still plays a major role for foreign trade, about 32% of all employment. Mainly to the European Union, United States and Middle East.
Turkey is one of seven countries in the world that can produce enough food to feed its people. Cuisine staples consists of yogurt salads, fish in olive oil, and stuffed and wrapped vegetables, dating back to the mid 1400's during the Ottoman Empire. Since the fall of the empire in World War 1, many foreign dishes and western fast food chains have made way into the modern Republic of Turkey.
Rice, wheat, and vegetables are the foundation for Turkish cuisine. Dolma, rice- and meat stuffed vegetables, is frequently prepared throughout the country, most often with peppers, grape leaves, or tomatoes. The eggplant is the country's most beloved vegetable. The plant is very versatile allowing it to be used in many dishes.
Travel to Istanbul, Turkey
Istanbul Turkish Cuisine - Turkish Food
http://www.allaboutturkey.com/agriculture.htm -agriculture & topography
http://www.google.com -images and some information
1309-1922: Ottoman rule
1875: Ottoman Empire goes bankrupt
1908: Young Turks Revolution overthrows
last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
1918: Civil War in Turkey
1923: Turkey declared a republic
1980: Military coup following political deadlock
2002: Women given full legal equality
Art and Music
Influences from Asia and Europe
Traditional Dance and Music
To the east Turkey shares borders with Bulgaria and Greece. To the west with Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Iraq and Syria. To the north is the Black Sea, on the west and south side is the Mediterranean Sea.
Ethnic Composition and Language
Known as the crossroads
A number of different groups are represented
Very young age distribution
Rapidly transformed from a traditional, rural, agricultural society to an increasingly modern, urban and industrial one.
The causes were changes in industrialization, agriculture and construction.
Introduction of mass media and telecommunications
Over 95% of men and women are married with only a 2% divorce rate
Most households are nuclear
Some are transitional extended family
25% of married women are employed (65% work in agricultural settings)
Increase in women's education and expanding employment brings opportunities to women
Idealizes masculinity with activity, power, courage ad competence
It degrades femininity with passive, weakness, cowardice, and inadequacy
Each person of the family is dependent upon their status as an honorable member of the community
Sex Segregation continues after marriage
There is a strict division of male and female roles
Value of Children
Sons and daughters are brought up with an emphasis on obedience, dependency, conformity and quietness with autonomy, initiative, activity and curiosity being discouraged
Rural and Urban differences
The Black Sea coastline is the same distance as Paris to Berlin. (1,025 miles)
Note Instanbul and Ankara.
Population is around 75 million. Ranked as the 16th largest economy in the world.
GDP is $1.1 trillion, per capita is $15,000.
Unemployment is 9.2%.
Trade routes are key to the economy. Some principal exports include foods, textiles, clothing, iron, and steel.
Central government responsible for educational expenses
10% of general budget
Boys and girls both given free public education
Since 2012, twelve years of education are compulsory
Literacy rate of 91.4%
Average Annual Growth % GDP 2002-2012
Turkish way of living focuses on functional clothing style
Administrators and the wealthy wore caftans
Bashlyks, head coverings were made of fur sheepskin with the purpose of protection from the cold and observed to be symbols of status
Present day fashion
clean and modern