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Planetary Concept Map!
Transcript of Planetary Concept Map!
Components in the Atmosphere
Currents in the liquid core
created from all meteorids in atmosphere
thermodynamics used to explain cooling
age is 4.5 billion years old
Fuses hydrogen into helium
to produce energy
Radioactive elements, like uranium, decay, producing energy
Energy is absorbed into the Earth
allowing for many processes to occur
The study of how electrically conductive fluids behave
Boltzman Speed Distribution
The study of how shock waves from Earthquakes travel through the Earth
Crust "floats" on the semi-molten mantle
about 1,800 miles thick
Essentially a hole in the ground that molten rock called magma escapes from beneath Earth's surface, also releases gasses like CO2, water vapor, and SO2
or "global climate change
average yearly temp. increase of Earth's body, oceans, and atmospheric temp.
caused by greenhouse effect
The heat in the core of Earth cause the core to be liquid, differentiation, and convection cause currents within the Earth
shields the Earth's atmosphere from solar winds
no conducting liquid, convection, and no rotation means no field!
The molten mantle cause parts pf the crust to float and move along Earth's surface, the tectonics crash and move away from each other
dseduction falt with ocanic and continental plates
occur when sun, earth and moon are lined up and force pulling from both
occurs twice a month,either side of Earth
occur every 28 days
when sun and earth are lined up but moon creates a right angle with earth
same side of moon always faces earth
The air in our atmosphere contains 78.09% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, 0.93% argon, 0.039% carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.
Some of these gasses cause a green house affect in the Earth's atmosphere, warming the planet, and allowing for the dynamic temperatures we experience.
An increase in these gases is believed to be causing an increase in global temperatures.
made out of C,H, O, N,etc...
need a solvent-liquid i.e. H20
Believed to have formed when a mars sized object crashed into the Earth, and the material the was blasted away from the impact formed the Moon
describes particle speeds in gases
applies to ideal gases close to thermodynamic equilibrium
Sun starts fusion and releases the energy that affects earth's temp.
The size and mass of the Earth cause it to have a gravitation pull equal to 9.78 m/s^2
Escape velocity of 11200m/s. This is the velocity required to escape Earth's gravitational pull.
Most atoms can't reach this velocity on their own, which is why our atmosphere doesn't dissipate into space.
measure of the average pattern of variation in temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, precipitation,etc.
A density of 5.52 g/cm^3, this is the calculated average of all material on Earth, due to it's largely varying composition.