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The Guest Plot Line Diagram
Transcript of The Guest Plot Line Diagram
Balducci, Daru and the arab all have to fight against nature. The harsh conditions of the Algerian plateau and the recent snow storm.
Man vs. Man
Balducci holding the Arab prisoner captive. then Daru having to control the Arab prisoner by himself. Man vs. Self
Daru questions his morals and if he is truly a free man leading him to rebel against the french authorities and set the prisoner free.
More importantly; fighting his isolation.
Man vs. Idea
Daru does not like the use of guns even though he is proficient he does not like the idea of them or being forced to use them.
More importantly; the idea of aa free man, and a free conscious. Meaning in the title? The story is titled "The Guest" but the question is asked why isn't it titled "The Prisoner"? the reason is how Daru is treating the Arab prisoner, he keeps him well fed and cooks him cake using up valuable resources on the desolate plateau. So Many Violent objects but no Violence? There is many references to violent objects and violent acts but during the story there is never a drop of blood spilled and there is noting but kindness between the forieners. to me this shows the author wants people to see that we can get along and there is no reason for all the wars. The Guest By: Albert Camus Background Info:
Born in Algeria, Camus experienced French rule from the viewpoint of a French colonial at a time when the native Algerians were building up their anger and desire for independence from France.
When "pen in hand," he was known for "rigid morality."
His political, moral, and philosophical beliefs were still developing… embodies Camus' view of the human condition.
Titled as the writer of the absurd. In his thought, can be described as the confrontation between our human demands for justice and rationality with a subjective and indifferent universe. Hence life is meaningless. Yet, we must accept the absurdity of life and we must go on living.
1957 wins the Nobel Prize for literature. Plot... •Who?... Daru, the school master assigned to his post. Balducci, the Gendarme, or French police official, and The Arabian prisoner (The Arab.)
•When?... In the early 1950's, “Snow had suddenly fallen in mid-October after eight months of drought without the transition of rain…”
•Where? In a “frigid” schoolhouse, on the peak of a “desolate” plateau in the Atlas Mountains of Algeria, Africa, governed, and colonized by France.
People are poor, hungry, and dying...
The schoolhouse is sheltered, warm, and supplied, but isolated. What?...
•Balducci has brought The Arab prisoner to Daru, requesting that he be taken north to the town Tadjid. This being his road to execution.
Speaks of revolution... foreshadows Algerian revolt.
•The Arab is a murderer… having killed with a billhook, an agricultural tool...
•Daru rejects authority, and the concept of being the indirect condemner. Man vs. Man
•Daru is of the French service; he is obligated. Daru is morally a man; he is unwilling. Man vs. Self
•The outside weather, a reflection of Daru’s inner struggle according to societies’ conflict, is daunting for any individual. Man vs. Nature School house is ultimately self-sufficient. According to the average state of others, Daru is positively loaded. He need not want for anything. Not when all physical needs are met, along with the ability to supply others. France= Patronizing.
Natives cannot survive on their own...
They are not free.
Tensions rise. "his eyes …[are] full of fever" (723) and his "whole face …[has] a rebellious look" (723) •Freeing of bound hands
•Setting gun down
•Eating with one another
•A place to clean up
•A cot to sleep on, in the same warm room
•Feeling of fraternity
•Attempted communication, despite language barrier
•The ultimate lack of violence •The Arab is a murderer, and Daru understands that he must pay for his crime. However, given the Arab’s civil behavior toward Daru, it is easier to see him as the victim.
•Daru begins to question the judgement of Balucci and of himself regarding the prisoner and if he should turn him over to the French gaurd.
•Result is inner struggle of morality for Daru
•Total fear for life vs. Total fear of decision.
•They are both Prisoners “Though I was born poor, I was born under a happy sky in a natural setting with which one feels in union, un-alienated”. –Albert Camus
Home yes, but not where he wished to be posted...
Despair is not an act, but a human state.
The state of despair results from isolation.
The Guest charts Daru's journey into a state of moral despair against the backdrop of his solitude. Daru decides… to let The Arab decide.
His personal declaration of independence from the authority of the state.
The spine-tingling sensation of the elements watching him.
"The night seemed to congeal [thicken] all of the sudden."
"A faint wind was prowling about the schoolhouse."
"The wind increased... and then was silent." The Arab may choose his own fate.A process by which he is given rations to last two days, and 1000 francs. He may go east to Tinguit, death and condemnation, or south to take refuge with nomads; freedom.
Daru turns back. The Arab chose eminent death, and the Schoolmaster is physically saddened.
Did The Arab even understand his options? "The snow was melting faster and faster, and the sun was drinking up the puddles..."
"A bird rent the space with a joyful cry."
"The schoolmaster was watching the clear light bathe the whole surface of the plateau." Daru faces south.
Did he condemn the man through the inability to decide?
Lack of attachment to plateau region.
Landscape takes on new meaning. "You handed over our brother. You will pay for this." Though the people who wrote it have no access to Daru's moral struggle, they are in a position to pass judgement upon him for it. We assume that they will not be as wishy-washy as Daru was. Imprisoned by the fear and inability to communicate, he cannot clear the ambiguity of his life. Irony... Could this story be a metaphorical reference to his past life in Algeria?