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Underground Railroad

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by

Sarah Taylor

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Underground Railroad

The Journey Underground Railroad Fugitives traveled by boat, wagon, train (when available) but mostly on land by foot Traveling Conditions A widely estimated 40 000- 100 000 slaves were rescued into Canada Arrival in Canada Underground Railroad Code Phrases Underground Railroad What is the Underground Railroad to Canada?

When was the Underground Railroad used?

How did the slaves get to Canada?

Who were some important that made the Underground Railroad happened? Vocabulary a person who opposes slavery

in the UGRR, a person who guided
slaves to safety and freedom

escaped from the law or another
restriction

in the UGRR, a runaway slave seeking freedom

in the UGRR, a person who went to slave states to find slaves seeking freedom and willing to risk their lives to achieve it

in the UGRR, a safe place where runaway slaves could hide

rumor or informal communication Abolitionist Conductor Fugitive Passenger Pilot Station Word-of-Mouth Stations -The places where slaves rest between
their endless nights of travel -Over 60 stations involved in the Under-
ground Railroad -Sometimes provided food and money Harriet Tubman Life of a Slave 1 wool hat 2 linen shirts 2 pairs of trousers 1 jacket 1 pair of socks 1 pair of shoes 1 overcoat Clothing Food 8 pounds of pork or fish- per month cornmeal, salt herring Children started working on the plantations when they were only 8 years old Fugitives traveled in groups of 1-3 Slaves called Canada the "Haven" because it meant so much to be free When the slaves arrived they connected with Black Communities, like Africville She saved as many as 300 slaves through the Underground Railroad She was named the "Moses" of the Underground Railroad from her bravery "I looked at my hands to see if I was the same person now I was free. There was such a glory over everything... and I felt like I was in heaven." -Harriet Tubman "I don't take to slaves off the plantation. This way they don't know which way is east, which way it is to the west. Once they have figured where someplace is-next thing you know, they'll know which way is the north." -Slave owner "The wind blows from the south today" "A friend with friends" "The friends of a friend sent me" "Load of Potatoes, Parcel, or Bundles of Wood" Warning of slave bounty hunters nearby A password used to signal arrival of fugitives with Underground Railroad conductor A password used by fugitives traveling alone to indicate they were sent by the Underground Railroad network Fugitives to be expected These were the designs drawn on quilts to send messages to the slaves getting ready or already on their journey to freedom This is a symbol of the North star and it also is a message for the slaves to prepare for their escape. This is a symbol for a boat which tells the slaves that water is near Map of where the Underground Railroad traveled Henry "Box" Brown arriving to free land while traveling for 27 hours Important People William Still, "The Father of the Underground Railroad" The song Peg Leg Joe taught to the slaves while he pretended to be a carpenter visiting the plantations “Harriet Tubman is a remarkable American hero who continues to inspire me today,” said Senator Gillibrand. “Her unwavering commitment to helping others while risking her own life in the long fight for equality has left an indelible legacy…” A monument representing the bravery shown by the men and women who escaped slavery on the Underground Railroad These signs were often found in free states to warn freed slaves to be careful of authorities Slave Labor -Cotton Plantation -Without slaves, plantation owners would struggle with their income Fugitive Slave Act The Station owners or people sympathetic to the slaves would help their journey by hanging these on their clotheslines for directions North Life in Canada
Freed slaves were subject to being treated as second-class citizens Inexpensive form of labor Faced racial discrimination and prejudice based on the color of their skin Eventually laws were passed in both the Canada outlawing segregation in neighborhoods, schools, restaurants, buses, public washrooms, theatres and other places formerly off limits to Blacks (NGE) Did You Know?
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