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The Industrial Revolution Era

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by

Lisa Lane

on 7 March 2016

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Transcript of The Industrial Revolution Era

America Prospers Like Never Before
The Industrial Revolution Era
Monopolies
--companies that control
all
or nearly all of the sales of a product or service
Millionaires owned much of the
booming
industries
They were characterized by
greed
, corruption, and excess
Sherman Anti-Trust Act--A law that made it illegal for one or two companies to control an
entire
industry
Women working:
They worked in factories, department stores, as secretaries, and
telephone
operators
They had to give their money to their
husband
or father because they had no rights
Problems were created by the steady flow of workers moving into the cities:
Not enough
housing
tenements
(large buildings in which people
crowded
together to live, often without bathrooms) were created
Not enough clean water
Not enough police
Not enough firefighters
Overcrowding
Skyscrapers
helped ease overcrowding--for the first time we had the ability and know-how to build tall vertical buildings
Workers built these buildings from high up with no
safety
harnesses
There were a lot of deaths
Workers balanced on the
steel

beams
all day long with no bathroom breaks
An increase in city services
Reservoirs are built outside the city and
pipes
bring water into the cities
Full-time firefighters are hired
Regular police departments are formed
Transportation
systems are put into place
Farm life changes too
Started using commercial
fertilizer
New harvesting equipment
Plow horses replaced by
steam-driven
machines
Telephones
linked farmers to cities and towns
Postal service began
rural
free delivery of mail
With the new cars, farmers were able to make more
frequent
trips to town
Railroads made the long-distance travel and transportation of goods and supplies easier

What does industrial mean?
The organized action of making
goods
and services for
sale
What is an industrial revolution?
A time of great and rapid
changes
when people switched from making goods by hand to manufacturing goods with
power
-driven machines.
Several
inventions
and industries developed in the US in the 1800’s
Railroads
2 industries that grew especially quick causing other industries to grow:
Railroads
Steel
The railroad helped the steel industry to grow because steel was needed to
build
it
The
Transcontinental Railroad
ran from coast to coast so it
connected
our entire country.
It made it so that raw materials could easily be carried from the
countryside
in to factories in the cities.
Factory products could be traded in
cities
distant from each other

How Did The Industrial Revolution Affect The Way America Looked?
The Industrial Revolution changed life in American cities and farms
People poured into cities
(urban)
Sons and daughters of American farmers
They saw their parents’ way of life as boring (rural--
country
) and wanted more opportunities provided in cities (factories)
Immigrants
(People who
leave
their homeland to settle in the US) from other countries
They saw America as the “
Land
of Opportunity”
African Americans from the South.
Called the Great Migration
6 million African Americans look for opportunity in the
North
What was the problem with American jobs?
Factories had poor lighting and
air
The workday was 10 or more hours long Some workers in steel mills generally worked
12
hours a day, 7 days a week
Many of the machines were dangerous
Although workers were injured or killed in accidents, companies were not required to follow
safety
rules or to help support injured workers or their families
Workers solving the problem:
They united to form
labor unions
(an organization of workers that helps its members receive
higher
wages and have better working conditions)
Factory owners listened to these groups because if they all stopped working, a factory would have to
shut
down

Background
The Gilded Age--Years of
rapid
industrial growth
1. Write a one sentence summary about what an industrial revolution is.
2. Write a one sentence answer to: How did railroads and steel help with the industrial revolution?
1. How can you compare kids today with the kids of the American farmers?
2. What part of this set of notes surprised you? Reword it, and tell why.
3. Do labor unions seem like a good idea? Why or why not?
4. Why is a monopoly a bad thing for the public?

1. Explain how tenements could be bad for one’s health?
2. Pick 2 ways farm life changed, name them, and explain why the change is a positive thing.

What Happened In NC During This Time?
NC industries began to develop with the rest of the country
Textiles
(cotton processed)
Tobacco (cigarettes made)
Furniture
(made from our forests and textiles)
Started in the town of
High Point
(in the Piedmont region)
Its success encouraged others to start companies
Factories starting popping up all over the
RR
line

NC farmers joined a national
alliance
(a group who wants something in common)
The National Farmers Alliance was formed to help solve the farmers’
economic
problems
The
Democratic
Party did little for the farmers
Did provide some stability so industry could grow
Improvements were made in education though this did not apply to African Americans
Schools had to stay open at least
6
months per year
Education had to be provided for kids between the ages of
6 and 21
Children transported to school at
public
expense (like the buses today)
Other improvements making schools more similar to today's

Other National Changes During This Time
The Centennial Exposition
This is a
fair
held in Philadelphia, PA
Celebrates the nation’s
100th
birthday
Inventors display their newest machines and products
Telephones, electric lights, a typewriter
Main attraction--a huge steam
engine
towering almost 4 stories high supplying power for about 8000 pieces of equipment (like today’s electricity)
The world “
shrinks

The US expands its interests to other parts of the world
Advances in
communication
such as radio and phone let people know almost instantly what was happening elsewhere
Advances in
transportation
meant that people in different countries were hours not weeks away from one another
The result of the shrinking world is that Americans are more aware of conflicts and events around the world (
international
)
The US becomes the
richest
nation in the world by the early 1900’s
1. Why would furniture makers pop up along the railroad?
2. Name the 3 major industries NC had during this time period.

1. What does the statement, the world “shrinks” mean?
2. What may be a disadvantage to learning about conflicts around the world?
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