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The Industrial Revolution Era
Transcript of The Industrial Revolution Era
The Industrial Revolution Era
--companies that control
or nearly all of the sales of a product or service
Millionaires owned much of the
They were characterized by
, corruption, and excess
Sherman Anti-Trust Act--A law that made it illegal for one or two companies to control an
They worked in factories, department stores, as secretaries, and
They had to give their money to their
or father because they had no rights
Problems were created by the steady flow of workers moving into the cities:
(large buildings in which people
together to live, often without bathrooms) were created
Not enough clean water
Not enough police
Not enough firefighters
helped ease overcrowding--for the first time we had the ability and know-how to build tall vertical buildings
Workers built these buildings from high up with no
There were a lot of deaths
Workers balanced on the
all day long with no bathroom breaks
An increase in city services
Reservoirs are built outside the city and
bring water into the cities
Full-time firefighters are hired
Regular police departments are formed
systems are put into place
Farm life changes too
Started using commercial
New harvesting equipment
Plow horses replaced by
linked farmers to cities and towns
Postal service began
free delivery of mail
With the new cars, farmers were able to make more
trips to town
Railroads made the long-distance travel and transportation of goods and supplies easier
What does industrial mean?
The organized action of making
and services for
What is an industrial revolution?
A time of great and rapid
when people switched from making goods by hand to manufacturing goods with
and industries developed in the US in the 1800’s
2 industries that grew especially quick causing other industries to grow:
The railroad helped the steel industry to grow because steel was needed to
ran from coast to coast so it
our entire country.
It made it so that raw materials could easily be carried from the
in to factories in the cities.
Factory products could be traded in
distant from each other
How Did The Industrial Revolution Affect The Way America Looked?
The Industrial Revolution changed life in American cities and farms
People poured into cities
Sons and daughters of American farmers
They saw their parents’ way of life as boring (rural--
) and wanted more opportunities provided in cities (factories)
their homeland to settle in the US) from other countries
They saw America as the “
African Americans from the South.
Called the Great Migration
6 million African Americans look for opportunity in the
What was the problem with American jobs?
Factories had poor lighting and
The workday was 10 or more hours long Some workers in steel mills generally worked
hours a day, 7 days a week
Many of the machines were dangerous
Although workers were injured or killed in accidents, companies were not required to follow
rules or to help support injured workers or their families
Workers solving the problem:
They united to form
(an organization of workers that helps its members receive
wages and have better working conditions)
Factory owners listened to these groups because if they all stopped working, a factory would have to
The Gilded Age--Years of
1. Write a one sentence summary about what an industrial revolution is.
2. Write a one sentence answer to: How did railroads and steel help with the industrial revolution?
1. How can you compare kids today with the kids of the American farmers?
2. What part of this set of notes surprised you? Reword it, and tell why.
3. Do labor unions seem like a good idea? Why or why not?
4. Why is a monopoly a bad thing for the public?
1. Explain how tenements could be bad for one’s health?
2. Pick 2 ways farm life changed, name them, and explain why the change is a positive thing.
What Happened In NC During This Time?
NC industries began to develop with the rest of the country
Tobacco (cigarettes made)
(made from our forests and textiles)
Started in the town of
(in the Piedmont region)
Its success encouraged others to start companies
Factories starting popping up all over the
NC farmers joined a national
(a group who wants something in common)
The National Farmers Alliance was formed to help solve the farmers’
Party did little for the farmers
Did provide some stability so industry could grow
Improvements were made in education though this did not apply to African Americans
Schools had to stay open at least
months per year
Education had to be provided for kids between the ages of
6 and 21
Children transported to school at
expense (like the buses today)
Other improvements making schools more similar to today's
Other National Changes During This Time
The Centennial Exposition
This is a
held in Philadelphia, PA
Celebrates the nation’s
Inventors display their newest machines and products
Telephones, electric lights, a typewriter
Main attraction--a huge steam
towering almost 4 stories high supplying power for about 8000 pieces of equipment (like today’s electricity)
The world “
The US expands its interests to other parts of the world
such as radio and phone let people know almost instantly what was happening elsewhere
meant that people in different countries were hours not weeks away from one another
The result of the shrinking world is that Americans are more aware of conflicts and events around the world (
The US becomes the
nation in the world by the early 1900’s
1. Why would furniture makers pop up along the railroad?
2. Name the 3 major industries NC had during this time period.
1. What does the statement, the world “shrinks” mean?
2. What may be a disadvantage to learning about conflicts around the world?