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Transcript of Aviation Security
This act was created following the Lockerbie disaster in 1988. The act stated that:
- A bag could not travel if it's owner did not board.
- Everyone who came in contact with an aircraft in their job had to undergo security checks.
- It is an offence for someone to give false information regarding the contents of their bag even if they are joking.
Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001
This act was introduced proceeding the 9/11 terrorist attack on America. The act stated that:
-Police could now enter an airport when they needed to to enforce the law.
-It allowed the government to shoot down an aircraft if the captain calls a bomb threat or hijacking.
Key stages of AAA
Check In- As bags are checked in they are all individually tagged and their unique tag number is recorded on the bag tag list.
Baggage Hall- All checked in bags are screened and 'rush' bags undergo extra screening. Bag tags are all scanned so they go to the correct flight and the baggage manifest is produced.
Loading- Bag tags are checked against the baggage manifest and the screening of the unaccompanied bags is confirmed. Whilst bags are being loaded they are checked to make sure they are appropriate for carriage.
Dispatch- The dispatcher will authorize the load of the aircraft and then will prepare and sign the hold baggage manifest and supply the captain with a copy.
Importance of Security Procedures and Protocols to Employers - Employers have to ensure they follow security procedures and protocols because it is their legal responsibility and duty of care to look after it's employees and it's customers. This can affect their image and reputation depending on how they deal with the procedures and protocols. if they don't follow them, they will get a negative image, if they do follow them, they will get a positive image.
Importance of Security Procedures and Protocols to Employees- Employees have to ensure they follow the security procedures and protocols for their own personal safety and security. They may be seen as an easy target for someone wanting to cause disruption. it is also their legal responsibility to look after their colleagues and customers.
The Importance of Security Procedures and Protocols to Customers- Customers should ensure they follow security procedures and protocols for their own safety and the safety of other customers and staff around them.
Procedures and Protocols:
Search and Screening Facilities, these include metal detectors, 3D scanners and physical pat downs. Bags are also x-rayed, sniffer dogs will be on patrol and chemical swabs may be used.
Documentation Inspection, this includes checking all documentation is valid and real and to ensure that passengers have correct documentation e.g. visas, firearms documents and medical documents.
Security Identification Passes, must always be on show at chest height. Only people who NEED a pass can apply for one e.g. getting a job that requires a pass, before you can get a pass you have a 5 year background check and a lost pass must be reported immediately.
Code/swipe doors, this is a door that can only be opened by someone who knows how to get in e.g. fingerprint/iris scanner, codes, swipe pass or just a simple key.
Security Questions, questions are not always asked although it used to be compulsory it is at the particular airlines discretion. Questions include: Did you pack your bag yourself? Has anyone asked you to carry anything? Have you left your bag unattended?
Rush Bags, bags can only get on an aircraft if their owner does. If a bag needs to travel on it's own, e.g. it was left behind by an earlier flight and needs to go on the next one, then it will have to go through extra checks and the dispatcher and captain will have to make sure that it has been through these checks (AAA paperwork)