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Vietnam

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Ivy L.

on 20 June 2013

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Transcript of Vietnam

By: Ivy Liao
Vietnam
Flag
Official Language
Religion
With its many cultures, Vietnam has a variety of religions. Originally, Vietnam's three main religions were Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism and Confucianism, Buddhism being introduced first. Christianity was later introduced to the people, and it had a great success.
Traditional Clothing
The "ao dai" ("flowing tunic") has been the traditional dress for Vietnamese women since long, long ago. There are many different kinds of ao dai: the four-part flowing tunic has two equal front flaps that women tie together, while the five-part flowing tunic has an additional small front flap that buttons up onto the right side of the dress. Anyone who has seen the exquisite costumes worn by Vietnamese women will recognize similarities in the traditional dress of the male. Men's costumes are worn with the conventional snug collar and buttoned down on the left side to the waist, with no crease in front or back. The male dress extends only to the knees and is more loose-fitting.
Infrastructure
As the result of years of war, Vietnam's infrastructure is weak, but steadily improving. Now, Vietnam is rapidly catching up with its neighbors in terms of availability and cost of services. Electrification and telephone penetration have seen the most remarkable improvements, and the road network has expanded considerably as well. All urban areas in Vietnam are now electrified.
Geography
Vietnam is located in the continent of Asia. Vietnam occupies a land area of 330,000 sq. km., is roughly the size of New Mexico, and measures 1,650 km from it's northern border with China to it's southernmost tip at the Eastern Sea. Situated in the heart of Southeast Asia, with 3,260 km of spectacular coastline, it is bordered to the east by the South China Sea. On it's west side, Cambodia and Laos.
The five points on the star of the flag symbolize farmers, soldiers, youth, intellects, and workers, while the red background represents revolution and the human struggle for independence.
Vietnamese is the national, official language of Vietnam. It is the native language of Vietnamese people, and of about three million other Vietnamese people residing elsewhere. It also is spoken as a first or second language by many other people with different cultures and nationalities.
Vietnamese Language
Foods
Some typical foods in Vietnam are:
pork
rice
beef
sticky rice
spring rolls
chicken
While some other popular dishes are:
Com (boiled rice)
Banh Chung (Sticky Rice Cake)
Gio Lua (Lean Pork Pie)
Pho (noodles)
Inventions
One of the best known and used things invented by a Vietnamese person is the invention of the automated teller machine, better known as the ATM. He is Do Duc Cuong. Cuong spent 20 years working for the US Citibank and was the senior specialist for the US banking sector. Since his returning to Vietnam in 2003, Cuong has been working a senior advisor to Dong A bank.
The Water System
There has been a great increase in people getting access to water supply between 1990 and 2010. According to the UN's Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, access to an improved water source increased from 58% in 1990 to 96% in 2010. However, most Vietnamese receive water from a tap in the yard or a public tap in the village from where they have to carry water to their home. In 2010, only 23% of Vietnamese had a tap in their home.
Access to water supply
The Water System
Sanitation
The Water System
Resources
Access to improved sanitation increased from 37% in 1990 to 75% in 2011. There is a significant gap between urban areas, where access stands at 93%, and rural areas with an access of only 67%. In 2009, 75% of households in provincial towns were not connected to a sewer. Nowadays, septic tanks are common, but with the exception of Hai Phong, no town offers a reasonable desludging service.
Vietnam has abundant surface and ground water resources. Nevertheless, local shortages can occur during the dry season. For example, the basins of the Dong Nai River in South Vietnam, the Southeast River Cluster, Ma River in North Central Vietnam, Kone River and Huong River are expected to be at risk of exceeding projected water needs in 2020. The 7 million people in Ho Chi Minh City receive 93% of their drinking water from two treatment plants on the Dong Nai River and the much smaller Sai Gon River, with the remaining 7% coming from overexploited groundwater that is polluted by seawater intrusion and contamination. The Dong Nai River, which is regulated further upstream by two dams, has enough water resources to help supply the growing city with more water. Hanoi, however, with its more than 6 million inhabitants receives 80% of its water from groundwater. The groundwater is polluted by ammonium with a concentration that is 5 to 10 times higher than the allowed standard, which is definately not good and can be dangerous.
Cities
Some of the big cities located in Vietnam are:

- Hanoi
- Ho Chi Minh City
- Hai Phong
- Can Tho
- Da Nang
Now let's take a look at Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam!
Now let's take a closer look at Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam
The Capital City Of Vietnam
Infrastructure
As a result of the many years at war, Vietnam’s infrastructure is generally weak, but steadily improving. They now have many paved highways, plumbing, hospitals, doctors, and dental clinics, garbage dumps, telephone lines, and lots more.

Size
The size of Hanoi is 3,345 squared kilometres. It is the second largest city in the country of Vietnam, next to Ho Chi Minh City.
Location
Hanoi is located on the right bank of the Red River in Vietnam. The city is located at 1,760 km (1,090 miles) north of Ho Chi Minh City and at 120 km (75 miles) west of Hai Phong city.

Some attractions in Hanoi are:
the Old Quarter-the Old Quarter is basically a town full of small street markets. It consists of around 40 streets.
the many museums- there are many museums that can teach one many things. There are museums ranging from subjects of military to the contribution of women to Vietnam’s history.
the Long Bien Bridge- the Long Bien bridge across the Red River connects Hanoi with the main port of Haiphong. It was originally designed by Gustave Eiffel.
the Hanoi Flag Tower-the Hanoi Flag Tower was built between 1805 and 1812 under King Gia Long and is over 2 centuries old. It resembles an old stone fortress and has steps leading to the top, where one can get a good view of the city. There is also an old cannon sitting at the base of the place at the ground level
Duong Lam- Duong Lam is where two of Vietnam’s kings were born. It is 60 kilometres west of Hanoi, and it features preserved architecture and relics of a 1200 year old Vietnamese Village.

Hanoi,
Attractions
Industry
Hanoi’s main industries include agriculture, banking, finance, tourism, and steel manufacturing.
Technology
Many people in Hanoi use a lot of modern technology, such as computers, internets, and phones. A place where technology is learned is at the Hanoi University Of Science and Technology. Founded in 1956, it is the first and largest technical university in all of Vietnam.

Housing and Transportation
Some types of housing in Hanoi include houses, apartments, villas, and serviced apartments. Also, sharing an apartment with another person or family is not uncommon. However, when looking for the right place to live, one should be wary of using an agent, for they can be quite sneaky. For example, they can advertise places to you that are no longer in rent, of they can introduce you to places way outside of your budget. Some methods of transportation in Hanoi include taxis, buses, cycle rickshaws, trains, motorbikes, bikes, ships, and boats. They don’t cost very much, but when riding taxis, one must be sure not to get themselves ripped off
History and Population
Hanoi has been inhabited since at least 3,000 B.C. Hanoi has also been called many names, such as Dong Kinh, which means Eastern Capital. The city was named Hanoi, which means ‘The City in a Bend of the River’ by Emperor Tu Duc in 1831, and then Hanoi became capital of Vietnam after the August Revolution of 1945. The population of Hanoi is 6.562 million (2010)

Culture
Vietnamese culture is more similar to Chinese culture than it is to its neighbors in Southeast Asia. Although the country has long borders with both Cambodia and Laos, these borders are very mountainous so the greatest means to transportation to or from Vietnam is via the water or along its northern land border with China. Despite this, Vietnamese culture stands on its own without Chinese or Southeast Asian assistance. There are also numerous sub-cultures in parts of Vietnam because parts of the country are isolated by mountains and water ways, while the people living by the shore are used to lots of visitors arriving by water. Since the communist takeover in 1975 the people have been united as one country, forming a more cohesive culture and way of life as they fall under one leadership and government, who has access to all parts of the country due to improved communication and infrastructure.
How The Name Came To Be
The name Vietnam originated in 1803 when people from the newly founded Nguyen dynasty traveled to Beijing to establish diplomatic relations with the Chinese court. The new emperor had chosen the name Nam Viet for his kingdom. The word Viet he got from the traditional name for the Vietnamese imperial domain and its people in what is now northern and central Vietnam. Nam (south) had been added to acknowledge the expansion of the dynasty's domain into lands to the south. The Chinese objected to this new name because it was the same as an ancient state that had rebelled against Chinese rule. They therefore changed it to Viet Nam. Vietnamese officials resented the change and it did not attain public acceptance until the late 1800s.
The Arts
Vietnamese people have created art as long as they have existed. When the first classes in line drawing, anatomy and landscape painting were offered in the early decades of the twentieth century, art students drew on their rich religious and cultural background to execute their works. As a result, the combination of the views of their home villages, portraits of farmers in the countryside and techniques of lacquer and silk have been used for centuries in temple decorations.
Main Trading Partners
Major Exporters
U.S.A: garments and textiles
Japan: flowers, seafood and coal
Taiwan: vegetables fruits
China: boots, tropical fruit, coal, nuts
Australia: seafood

Major Importers
South Korea: cloths
Singapore: garments
Thailand: flowers
Germany: shoes, seafood, coffee, pepper
United Kingdom: seafood
Time Zones
Vietnam is GMT/UTC + 7h during Standard Time
It does not work with daylight savings time.
Vietnam time is abbreviated as ICT (Indochina Time)
Thanks for Listening!!!!!
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