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Transcript of Montessori Classroom
Mary Catherine Martinka,
The Benefits of Montessori
Montessori education offers our children opportunities to develop their potential as they step out into the world as engaged, competent, responsible, and respectful citizens with an understanding and appreciation that learning is for life.
How Does it Work?
Students teach each other leadership skills, as well as independence as they choose what to focus on and develop at their own pace.
The children focus on experimental learning and use the process of trial and error to get a clear view of how a process works.
Students are also encouraged to work together in centers.
A History of Montessori
Ages 6 to 9 classroom
Practical Life center
students can choose to stay at once center for a week or more until they master a skill and are ready to move on.
Montessori rarely uses books during class because many of the lessons are hands on because students learn the concept so much better when they have an activity instead of reading a book.
Montessori has a strong focus on nature, it is considered a very important part of the class experience.
Along with nature, critical thinking, composition, research, history, architecture, arts, science, and technology are also important parts of the curriculum
By allowing the children to move around the centers students learn a sense of order, independence, concentration, and creativity.
She Was an italian physician, educator, and innovator.
Maria Montessori was born on August 31, 1870, in the provincial town of Chiaravalle, Italy.
When she graduated from medical school in 1896, she was among Italy’s first female physicians.
In 1907 Maria opened Casa dei Bambini or Children’s House.
Maria designed learning materials and a classroom environment that fostered the children’s natural desire to learn
Early History of Montessori
In 1907 Maria Montessori opened a school for underprivileged children in the San Lorenzo district of Rome.
She contracted a carpenter with her own money to make smaller, child-sized furniture and equipment of her own design.
In the beginning there were 60 students all under the age of 6.
After observation and learning Maria was able to create a classroom where the students displayed self-discipline, preferred learning materials to toys, and worked with a profound concentration and joy.
the students also had a love for order, respected their environment, and enjoyed working in silence beside their friends.
Montessori in the United States
Today the Montessori Method is being successfully implemented with children in nearly every country of the world.
There are more than 3,000 Montessori programs in the United State alone today.
The Montessori Method is applied most frequently in pre-school and elementary education grade levels, although also has success with high school students as well.
In addition, Montessori techniques can be used successfully with all children regardless if they are gifted, have learning disabilities or other special needs.
Each student is valued as a unique individual. The Montessori education recognizes that each student has their own learning style and accomodates each persons unique way of learning
Early on students learn the ability to educate themselves and to think about what they are learning. Students also develop order, coordination, concentration, and independence.
Students are given the freedom to pursue answers to their own questions, and become active seekers of knowledge.
The Montessori Classroom has five separate centers set up for the students as well as an outdoor classroom in every montessori school.
the centers are Practical Life, Sensorial, Cultural, Math, and Language.
Students have the choice to visit any of these centers throughout the day, and they can stay as long as they want in any given center.
In Montessori, the process of learning to read and write almost always comes naturally and begins with a child’s first interest. The child learns the phonetic sounds of the alphabet, using their growing knowledge to read and write increasingly complex words and sentences. Mastery of basic skills normally develops so smoothly that students tend to exhibit a sudden “explosion into reading,”
During the Elementary years Montessori focuses on the development of research and composition skills.Students practice by writing every day, they learn to organize increasingly complex ideas and information into well written stories, poems, reports and plays.
The purpose and aim of Practical Life is to help the child gain control in the coordination of his movement, and help the child to gain independence and adapt to his society.
Practical Life Exercises also aid the growth and development of the child’s intellect and concentration and will in turn also help the child develop an orderly way of thinking.
The purpose of the sensorial center is for the students to gain clear information and be able to make classifications in their environment.
Sensorial Exercises were designed by Montessori to cover every quality that can be perceived by the senses such as size, shape, composition, texture, loudness or softness, matching, weight, temperature, etc. Because the Exercises cover such a wide range of senses, Montessori categorized the Exercises into eight different groups: Visual, Tactile, Baric, Thermic, Auditory, Olfactory, Gustatory, and Stereognostic.
Practical Life Exercises can be categorized into four different groups: Preliminary Applications, Applied Applications, Grace and Courtesy, and Control of Moment.
The Cultural area of the Montessori classroom covers a wide variety of areas including, geography, science, botany, zoology, history, art and music
In the Montessori philosophy it's stated that the child has a 'mathematical mind' and an internal drive to understand the environment around them.
The exercises in the math area offer the children the 'keys' that they will need to send them on the road to further exploration and maturation of the mathematical mind.
All early math exercises are worked at the sensorial level so as to ensure that the child relates the quantity to the symbol
The outdoor classroom provides a space for students to learn about nature and the practical life work of gardening, raking, weed pulling, and other outdoor tasks.
the outdoor classroom can include Science lessons such as bird watching and naming, insect and leaf investigations as well as rock classification.