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A Doll's House by: Henrik Ibsen
Transcript of A Doll's House by: Henrik Ibsen
Born in Skein, Norway
He hated his work and lived in isolation
Creator of modern drama
Explored topics that were socially unacceptable
Believed everyone was equal
Culture and Mood:
When audiences saw the play for the first time, they were stunned
Ibsen's plays subverted the expectations of the time period
They clashed with the common views of women's roles at the time
Previously, it was most unusual to have a female lead
Roles: Traditional Vs. Non Traditional
Traditionally, men and women were encouraged to follow sex roles
Men were expected to financially support their families
Wives were to be submissive to their husbands
Nora plays a non traditional role by leaving her family
"In all societies the obvious biological difference between men and women is used as a justification for forcing them into different social roles..." -Erwin Haeberle
A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen
A Doll's House was written in 1879
Modern realistic/ prose drama
Portray women whose actions were socially unaccepted.
Men were the head of the household
Work became separated from home
Doll House= Et Dukkehjem
The language among the characters helps emphasize their relationship
At first Torvald and Nora are playful but Torvald talks down to Nora
Towards the end it is evident that Nora begins to speak up
This shows the audience the change in their marriage
Self reliance is a person's ability to make decisions without consulting others
At first Nora is described as a spoiled woman with little self reliance
However, her strength and independence are hidden
Nora secretly took out a loan to save Torvald's life
"Helmer: Before all else, you're a wife and a mother.
Nora: I don't believe in that anymore. I belive that, before all else, I'm a human being no less than you- or anyway, I ought to try to become one" (pg 1016).
The Importance of the Individual
'A Doll's House' stresses the importance of the individual
Torvald does not respect Nora's individuality. He makes decisions for her
- He does not approve of her eating macaroons
-In his eyes, she is his "richest treasure"
" When Nora Slammed the door shut on her marriage, walls shook in a thousand homes." - 'The Drama 100: A Ranking of the Greatest Plays of all time'
First feminist play since the Greeks. (Although some do not believe it is a feminist piece, rather a humanist piece)
Ibsen is often quoted stating that he does not even understand the women's rights movement really is.
Ibsen's A Dolls House is thought to be the ground breaking moment for modern drama
A Doll's House creates a setting in which social, sexual, psychological, and modern affairs were both examined and revolutionized
Along with its controversial subject matter, A Doll's House was also propelled into mainstream drama because of the atypical behavior of Ibsen. People were interested in the recluse that was creating these plays that brought up the modern day family in a way that was unprecedented.
Whether or not people were ready for it, Ibsen's play transformed drama
Ibsen's play continues to be relevant because his heroine stills shocks audiences today with her abrupt departure
Ibsen's plays were popular because they undermined the status quo.
Psychologically, Nora is climbing the heirarchy of needs and desires throughout the play. An example of this is Nora's desire for Maslow's third stage of Love and belonging.
Ibsen's last words were, " Tvtimod!" Which translates to, "On the contrary!"
"None for you dear prince, I'm tired today
I'd rather sleep my whole life away than have you keep me from dreaming
'cause I don't care for your fairytales
You're so worried about the maiden though you know
She's only waiting on the next best thing"