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The Planets

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Nathan s.

on 22 October 2013

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Transcript of The Planets

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
The Planets
The Planets
By: Nathan Salahi
-Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, so it can reach temperatures between -280 and 800 degrees Fahrenheit.
-Being the smallest planet in our solar system, Mercury has a thin atmosphere made of oxygen, sodium, hydrogen, helium, and potassium.
-Mercury is a terrestrial planet, which means it is rocky. This planet has a solid surface with craters, much like Earth's moon.
-It takes Mercury 59 Earth days to make a complete rotation and 88 Earth days to orbit the sun once.
-Venus is the second closest planet to the sun, and can reach temperatures of 900 degrees Fahrenheit.
-Compared most of the the other planets, Venus spins backward because it spins in a way that the sun rises in the west and sets in the east.
-Venus has no rings or moons, but it has a thick and toxic atmosphere.
-Venus is a little smaller than earth, with a cratered surface. Venus is a solid planet with a volcanic landscape.
-Earth is the only planet in our solar system that can support life.
-Earth is a terrestrial planet with landforms like mountains, canyons, valleys, plains, oceans, and many others. Earth is considered to have a dynamic surface. This planet's surface is 70% covered by water.
-Earth has an atmosphere made of nitrogen and oxygen. This atmosphere protects the planet from meteoroids and the sun's harmful rays.
-Earth has no rings, but it has one moon. This moon is just called Earth's Moon. It orbits earth every 27 days.
-Mars is the fourth planet from the sun. It is about 228 million miles away from it.
-Mars's surface is rocky, but is has been changed by impacts, volcanoes, crustal movement, and dust storms.
-Mars has no rings, but is has a thin atmosphere and 2 moons named Phobos and Deimos.
-Mars is known as the Red Planet because of the iron minerals in its soil and its dusty atmosphere, making it look red.
-The NASA program on earth has sent rovers to explore and learn about Mars.
-Jupiter is the largest planet is our solar system, and the fifth farthest from the sun. Jupiter is one of the gas-giants.
-Jupiter is so big, that more than 1,000 Earths could fit inside it.
Jupiter has 1 ring that is actually 2 rings connected together. Jupiter has 50 known moons and 17 that are waiting to be confirmed. That is a total of 67 moons!
- It takes 10 hours for Jupiter to rotate once and 12 Earth years to make a complete revolution.
-Saturn is known for its rings. Saturn has seven large rings with gaps in-between them.
- Like Jupiter, Saturn has lots of moons. Saturn has 53 discovered moons and 9 waiting to be confirmed. Overall Saturn has 62 moons.
-It takes Saturn 10.7 hours to rotate once and 29 Earth years to revolve once ( 10,756 Earth days).
-Saturn is mostly made of helium and hydrogen. Its volume is 755 times larger than Earth's.
-Uranus has 27 moons which are all named after characters in the works of William Shakespere and Alexander Pope.
-Uranus's tilt is 177.36 degrees so is spins almost on its side. Uranus spins like Venus which is in retrograde rotation (sun rises in west and sets in east), but it is hard to tell because of the extreme tilt.
-Uranus has a small rocky core below the water, methane, and ammonia which make up Uranus's bulk.
-Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun, and it is about 1.8 billion miles away from the sun.
-Neptune is the eighth planet away from the sun with 13 moons, 6 rings , and an atmosphere made of hydrogen, helium, and methane.
-Neptune is made up of methane, water, and ammonia with an Earth-sized core.
-It take Neptune 16 hours to spin once, and 165 Earth years to revolve around the sun.
- Neptune has a 47 degree tilt, and also has a magnetic field (a region in space near a magnet) 27 times stronger than Earth's.
"Mercury: Overview." Solar System Exploration. 2013. Web. 20 October 2013
"Jupiter." Views of the Solar System.
By: Calvin Hamilton.
1995. Web. 20 October
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