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alfonso corona castro

on 3 December 2014

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Port Elizabeth
This climate is found in the narrow coastal sections of southern and eastern South Africa, primarily in KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape province. This climate has oceanic characteristics.
It is characterized by hot, usually humid summers and mild to cool winter. Temperatures in summer overtake 20 ºC and in winter they don´t drop of 3ºC.
Precipitations are abundant in summer and scarce in winter producing a strong drought that can affect to the agriculture.
Upington lies in the arid fertile green Kalahari region of the Northern Cape, the Kalahari is a vast territory of burgundy dunes, savannah grasses, thron trees...
During summer water sports are very demanded because the temperatures that can reach 35 ºC during the day. Winter has mild temperatures about 21ºC . Precipitations are scarce, they don´t reach 300 mm per year.
Cape town
The climate is characterized by warm to hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters. Subtropical climate zones are associated with the five large high pressure cells of the oceans. During summer, regions of Subtropical climate are dominated by high pressure cells, with dry sinking air capping a surface marine layer of varying humidity and making rainfall impossible or unlikely except. As a result, areas with this climate receive almost all of their precipitation during their winter, autumn and spring seasons.
Cape Town lies on the 34th latitude South.
It has wet and cold winter; and hot and dry summers.
Total rainfall is moderated (between 300 and 800 mm)
Summer months receive more rainfall than the others.
The average annual temperature here is over 17 degrees and
the high temperature in summer is over 21 degrees.

The weather in Cape Town is influenced by two currents: the warm Agulhas current from the Indian Ocean side and the cold Benguela current on the Atlantic side.


Dans nos vacances en Afrique du Sud nous sommes allés à Johannesburgh qui est la capitale de ce pays et sa plus grande ville. Nous avons été cinq jour là, et et maintenant, nous allons vous dire ce que nous avons fait.
Mining in South Africa has been the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa´s most advanced and richest economy. Large scale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867
South Africa is the world´s third largest coal exporter and much of the country´s coal is used for power production. The South African has several challenges like the railway capacity constraints that hind the transportation of coal to the Richards Bay Coal Terminal, where it is shipped to the export market.
The terminal transported six-million tons of coal in 2012 that was less than its capacity of 91 million tons.

South Africa accounted for 15% of the world's gold production in 2002 and 12% in 2005. South Africa's gold exports were valued at $3.8 billion USD in 2005. Almost 50% of the world's gold reserves are found in South Africa.
There are two great mines in South Africa:
- East Rand Mine in Boksburg
- TauTona Mine in Carlentonville
Ever since the Kimberley diamond strike of 1868, South Africa has been a world leader in diamond production. There are seven large diamond mines around the country, are controlled by the De Beers Consolidated Mines Company. In 2003, De Beers operations accounted for 94% of the nation's total diamond output of 11,900,000 carats.
South Africa produces more platinum and similar metals than any other nation. In 2005, 78% of the world's platinum was produced in South Africa, along with 39% of the world's palladium. Platinum is used in jewelry and as a catalyst for a variety of chemical reactions. In this role, it is used to reduce the emission of carbon monoxide from car exhausts. South Africa has the world's largest known resources of platinum group elements, of which rhodium is the most expensive
Chromium is another leading product of South Africa's mining industry. The metal, used in stainless steel and for a variety of industrial applications, is mined at 10 sites around the country. South Africa's production of chromium accounted for 100% of the world's total production in 2005
South Africa is the largest producer of iron ore in Africa, which is not only used locally in the steel making industry, but exported on a large scale.It is mined in several places, like Sishen, in the Northern Cape, and Thabazimbi in the Northern Province.
South Africa has exhausted its many resources resulting in severe environmental damage. Southern Africa produces the cores of their economy, and this region has become dependent on these resources. The continuous depleting and improper treatment of their natural resources have led Southern Africa to the state where they are only harming their environment. Some environmental issues that affect South Africa are: water pollution, air pollution, land degradation, solid waste pollution, and deforestation. This is making climate change.
We have arrived to the conclusion that South Africa has got a lot of resources for being one of the richest countries in the world but the only thing they are doing is making world worse because they are helping climate change, so they have to take advantage of this resources in an intelligent form.
Some key words are:
Benefit or affording.
A substance

that modifies and increases the rate of a reaction without being consumed in the process.
A unit of weight for precious stones, equal to 200 milligrams.
The creation of wealth by producing goods and services.
The commercial activity of selling and shipping goods to a foreign country.
Resistant to stain or corrosion.
The landscape associated to this climate is the dessert in which the predominant vegetation are the grasses and some isolated trees. The zone near the bank of the river Orange is more fertile and there, we can find palms, vineyards and farming fields of cotton and wheat. The most important animals we can find here are the zebras, antelopes and oryxes from the cape.
This climate doesn´t have any landscape associated but we can find a lot of impresive countrysides like huges beaches of white sand, high mountains,
large vineyards and fields of grass full of flowers, semidessertic places... The most important animals in these landscapes are sharks, whales, penguins, zebras, lions and gazelle.

The most predominant landscapes we can find here are large beaches and sheer cliffs which contrast with valleys and high mountains. Here we can find one of the most important natural parks of South Africa; Addo national park in which the most representative animal is the elephant. We can also see
bisons, antelopes, giraffes, rhinoceros...
http://www.gcis.gov.za/sites/www.gcis.gov.za/files/docs resourcecentre pocketguide/2012/15%20Mineral%20Resources.pdf
Description of a province:
It was created 1994 when the Cape Province splitted in three provinces. It has got 210800 people in which the 65% are white and coloured people. It is the largest and less populated province in this country. Its capital is Kimberley which had one of the most important diamond mines in the past and there, happened the siege of the Second Boer War.
Here we can find the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, part of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, an international park shared with Botswana and the amazing region of Namaqualand that is one of the most colorful zones in Africa. In this part of South Africa flows the Orange river that is the 5th more important river in whole Africa and the most important of this country. It rises in the Drakensberg mountains, it recovers the border with Lesotho and is also used to irrigate many vineyards in the arid region near Upington. Its length is about 2090 km.
In 1866, Erasmus Jacobs found a small brilliant pebble on the banks of the Orange River. Since that event, a lot of people found big diamonds there, so in 1871 a lot of miners started to make a great mine in that zone; they finished it 1914 and they got 2720 kilograms of diamonds. Nowadays it isn´t in use because there are very few diamonds.
Kalahari Gemsbok national park:
This is one of the largest and most important national parks in South Africa. It has got 1000000 ha. In this huge landscape of red coloured sand dunes and bush covered watercourses live more than 10 000 springbok, as well as gemsbok, cheetah, hyena, tawny-maned lions... The predominating vegetation is formed by herbaceous plants and some big isolated trees.
Namaqualand region is an arid region in the
West of the Northern Cape. It has got a total
area of 440000 square kilometres. Orange
river splits it in two parts; the Small Namaqualand
in the South and the Great Namaqualand in the
North. Precipitations are scarce during all the year
but in Spring months after the first rainfall all the
flowers start to bloom. In this zone there are
approximately more than 3000 flower species.
He was born in 1931 in the South African town of Klerksdorp. His father was director of a missionary school in which Desmond was educated. At the age of twelve, his family emigrated to Johannesburg. He was ordained as an anglican deacon in December 1960 in St Mary's Cathedral in Johannesburg.
He devoted himself to give conferences denouncing the precariousness of the situation of some South Africans and the risks of the situation of inequality that existed, particularly during the apartheid. He warned that this could produce violent outbreaks at any time. In 1986 he was appointed Archbishop of the city of Cape, since then, he has worked for the democratic transition in his country.

In South Africa there are a lot of interesting things that you should know.
In South Africa there are 12 official different languages

The Zulus:

The Zulus are a ehtnic group of Southern Africa with an estimated 10–11 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. Their language is called “Zulu”
They remain today the most numerous ethnic group in South Africa.
Sports in South Africa: Soccer / Football
Football or soccer as it is known in South Africa is the most popular game and is starting to attract serious money.
South Africa is the only place in Africa where there was a FIFA World Cup (2010)
Cricket is the second most popular sport in South Africa.
It is one of the most imoportant sports in in this country. Its national team has won two times the World Cup. Also it was very important for black peple have the same rights than white people.
This is shown in the film "Invictous".
Interesting facts about South Africa:
South Africa is the second largest exporter of fruit in the world.
South Africa is now the only country in the world to have hosted the Soccer, Cricket and Rugby World Cup!
The number of tourists visiting South Africa has grown by 200% since 1994
South Africa is extremely rich in mining and minerals and considered the world’s leader with nearly 90% of all the platinum metals on earth and around 41% of all the world’s Gold
South Africa generates two-thirds of Africa's electricity.
Hot semi-arid climates tend to be located in the tropics and subtropics. These climates tend to have hot, sometimes extremely hot, summers and mild to warm winters. It has very scarce precipitation.
With generally rainless summers and wetter winters.
Hot semi-arid climates can also be found in sections such as the poleward side of the arid deserts where they typically feature a mediterranean precipitation pattern
In eastern and southern Africa this climate zone features warm wet seasons centred on December to May and cooler dry seasons centred on June to November.
These areas provide a buffer zone between hot desert climates and warm tropical and subtropical climates, tending to support short or scrubby vegetation dominated by either grasses or shrubs.

Le premièr jour nous nous avons installé à Saxon hôtel qui est le plus luxueux de la ville. Là nous sommes allés au SPA pour se détendre Après nous avons mangé et puis nous sommes allés au lit parce que nous avons été très fatigué.
Le troisième jour nous avons été toute la journée au Musée de la Aparheid. Là, nous avons appris beaucoup sur la lutte des noirs pour l'égalité avec le blancs. Ce qui nous plaisait le plus de cette visite, a été la vie trépidante de Mandela.
The landscape associated to this climate is characterized by large fields of green and abundant vegetation. Subtropical vegetation examples are:
Evergreen trees (Pines),Deciduous trees (Oaks), Fruit trees (Olives), Grasses (Sedges), Herbs (Lavander), etc
The main animals we can see in this part of South Africa are big mammals like elephants, and there are a lot of birds and insects.
Le deuxième jour dans le matin, nous avons vu un match de rugby au Stade national et dans le après midi nous sommes allés au zoo et nous avons cherché beacoup de lion blancs, tigres, gorilles, zebras... Il a été passionnant!! Il a été un grand jour.
Le quatrième jour nous sommes passés de safari et là, nous avons vu des animaux comme lions, éléphants, girafes, hyènes... Avant de retourner à l'hôtel, nous avons vu le coucher du soleil. Il a été une expérience inoubliable!!!

Le cinquième jour , nous avons utilisé pour se détendre . Dans la matinée, nous sommes allés au parc d'attractions " Reef City d'or " et l'après-midi nous avons joué dans le casino où nous avons gagné beaucoup d'argent
Where amazing happens

South Africa is a country located at the southern tip os Africa. It has 2798 kilometres os coastline that stretches along the South Atlantic and Indian oceans. South Africa is the 25th largest country in the world by land area, and with close to 53 million people, is the world's 25th most populous nation. South Africa is a multi ethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions.
About 80 percent of South Africans are of black African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different Bantu languages, nine of which have official status. South Africa is often referred to as the “Rainbow Nation”, a term by Archbishop Desmond Tutu and later adopted by the-President Nelson Mandela.
Everything seems impossible until it's done
The gastronomy of South Africa has a variety
of sources and states. The cultural diversity of the country is represented in the various South African food and habits.
Its cuisine is based on meat and seafood from
the coastal area of the country. It also has origins from the black slaves of Asia. Typical foods from South Africa are puddings and sosaties. Also enjoy African foods such as porridge oats hard with vegetables or meat sauce. These dishes are accompanied by spicy and hot sauces.
South Africa is characterized by a rich and popular beer. The style is most consumed beer but too there are white, red, and local wines, sherry and brandy.
Sosaties, South African kebabs, are among the most popular dishes at an braai. Lamb sosaties are the national favorite, but beef, pork and chicken are also common. The meat or poultry is marinated in a spicy curry sauce, then grilled until crisp on the outside but still moist and tender inside. The dish has its roots in Malay cuisine (sosatie comes from the Malay words sate, meaning spiced sauce, and sesate, meaning skewered meat); similar dishes are part of the Javanese fijsttafel.
Nelson mandela:
On 5 August 1962, police captured Mandela. Jailed in Marshall Square prison ( Johannesburg ), he was charged with inciting workers' strikes and leaving the country without permission. Representing himself, Mandela tried to use the trial to showcase the ANC's ( African National Congress ) moral opposition to racism. Found guilty, he was sentenced to five years' imprisonment. On 9 October, Mandela was charged with four counts of sabotage and conspiracy to violently overthrow of the government. In December 1988 Mandela was moved to Victor Verster Prison. In November 1989, de Klerk called his cabinet together to debate legalising the ANC and freeing Mandela. Although some were deeply opposed to his plans, de Klerk met with Mandela in December to discuss the situation and De Klerk released Mandela.
The end:
Work by Marina Cara, Alfonso Corona, Paula Gómez
Asunción Martínez, Cristina Torregrosa and Manuel Valverde
We hope you liked it...
The landscape associated to this climate is full of vegetation. The most important type of trees are jacarandas that are the most representative in this part of the country. The predominant fauna is made up of zebras, giraffes, lions, turtles... In this city we can find the largest natural park in South Africa which receives more than 600000 visitors every year.
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