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Machine Guns of WWI

Machine guns used during World War 1.

Allie Grilliot

on 13 December 2010

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Transcript of Machine Guns of WWI

Machine Guns of WWI M1917 Browning Machine Gun Chauchat bergmann MP18 Madsen Machine Gun Hotchkiss M1914 Maxim Gun Description: The Hotchkiss was the French army's standard heavy
machine gun. Weighing 23 pounds(40 kg with mounting) it had to be mounted on a tripod. Unlike the old model this one was air-cooled and gas powered. It's maxium effective range was 3,800 feet, and could shoot up to 600 rounds/minute. Although many major powers fighting in WWI switched to lighter maching guns, the French continued to use the Hotchkiss becuase of their reliability.

Effects: The Hotchkiss had a huge effect on the war becuase of it's reliability. It remained one of the French's standard machine guns. This gun also made the importance of trenches increase becuase of it's shooting range of 3,800 feet. For many countries, the Hotchkiss was not largely effective becuase instead they switched to lighter machine guns, but for France, it remained very effective and had a high firing rate. Compared to other machine guns like the Browning M1917 it had a very high firing rate, so it really was a very effctive weapon in WWI, at least for the French. Description:Unlike the Hotchkiss M1914, the Chauchat was the French's primary
light weight machine gun. The French were not the only ones to use
the Chauchat, other countries like America also used it. The Chauchat
weighed 20 pounds(9.07 kg) and was 45 inches in length. It was the
most widely manufactured automatic weapon during WWI due to it being
inexpensive to build. Since the Chauchat had ideal characteristics like
managable weight, and inexpensive to built, it set the standards for 20th
century firearms. The effective range was 200 m. and it was in service from

Effects: The light weight of the Chauchat allowed armies to fight up closer,
and have protection with them that was relaible and easy to shoot. Also, the
Chauchat set standards for later guns becuase of it's ideal characteristics. This
gun helped the United States army while they awaited for the Browning M1917.
The only problem with this gun was that it had such a violent recoil after each shot,
so it was problematic to have anytone untrained handling the gun. Description: The Bergmann MP18 gun was designed by Hugo Schmeisser. It
was the first submachine gun to be designed and was used by the Germans.
It was very effective in trench warfare and the only widely used submachine gun
of WWI. The production was discontinued after Germany lost the war becuase
the Treaty of Versailles prohibited Germany from developing submachine guns.

Effect: The Bergmann MP18 machine gun influenced the design of most other
submachine guns since it was the first. Also, this gun made the usage of trenches
even more important than before so it helped shape the way the war was fought.
This gun obviously played a great role in the war becuase the banning of it's usage
was banned by the Treaty of Versailles. Obviously this gun was very effective and
like all other machine guns increased the casulaties, otherwise it would not have been
banned by the Treaty of Paris after the war. Discription: The Maxim gun was invented by Hiram S. Maxim in the United States.It was the world's first automatic machine gun and weighed 40-60 pounds. 4-6 men usually operated the gun and was used by major armies during the outbreak of the war. The way the gun worked was the bullet's recoil force ejected spent cartriges and inserted the next bullet. It had the firepower of about 100 rifels.

Effect: The effect that the Maxim gun had on the war was that it was used by many major powers at the outbreak of the war. Due to the fact that the bullet's recoil force inserted the next bullet for the user, it quickened the pace that they could shoot, and quickened the pace of the war. Now, men did not have to reload their gun after each shot. Description: The M1917 Browning was a heavy machine gun that originated in,
and was used by the U.S. It weighed 103 pounds(47 kg) with the gun, tripod,
ammunition and water. Often times the M1917 Browning was mounted on vehicles
like jeeps. It could shoot 450 rounds per minute and was used on the ground and in
some aircraft. The Browning machine gun was not see a lot of action at the beginning
of the war, but was mainly used near the end. Although when it was used, the fire rate
was highly effective and it was very reliable.

Effect: The Browning machine gun's fire rate was very effective, so it could kill more
at a quicker rate, causing a higher number of causulties. Not only could this gun be used
on the ground, but could be used on aircrafts which made aircrafts more effective for killing
during WWI. Also, if the gun was mounted on jeeps, then that only made it that much more
effective during WWI becuase it could be mobile despite it's heavy weight. Description: The Madsen Machine Gun was designed and developed
in Denmark by Vilhelm Herman Oluf Madsen. This was one of the first
light weight machine guns produced in quantity, even though it was
expensive to produce. It weighed 20 pounds(9.07 kg) and was 45 inches
in length. The Madsen was used by the German army in 1914 due to it's
reliability, but it was not used widely during WWI.

Effect: Although this gun was not used a lot during WWI, like all other
effective machine guns, it increased the killing rate, causing more casulties
from the war. The Madsen was one of the first light weight machine guns
to be produced in quanity. Also, this gun was very reliable for the German army. A Madsen machine gun. Maxim machine gun Chauchat Hotchkiss M1914 Bergmann MP18 M1917 Browning Machine Gun Works Cited Bergmann mp18. (2009, July 22). http://www.justguns.com/submachine-guns/bergmann-mp18.html Duffy, M. (2009, August 22). Weapons of war:machine guns. http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/machineguns.htm Simkin, J. (2010, December 6). Maxim gun.http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWmaximgun.htm Browning machine guns. (2010, May 20). http://browningmgs.com/Images_1919A4/Brownings.htm Eger, C. (2010, March 26). The bergmann mp18 submachine gun.http://www.suite101.com/content/the-bergmann-mp18-submachine-gun-a218372 Palpatine, E. (2008). Chauchat machine gun.
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/2005908/posts King, D. (2007, May 24). The essential fh2 french stuff: updated list http://forums.filefront.com/fh2-suggestions/315106-essential-fh2-french-stuff-updated-list.html
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