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Individualism vs. Collectivism - Locke vs. Rous
Transcript of Individualism vs. Collectivism - Locke vs. Rous
Advocate for the concept of Natural Rights (life, liberty, property)
Laid down the framework for Liberal Democracy.
His works impacted the intellectual reasons that later formed the American and French revolutions.
John Locke was born August 29, 1632 and died October 24. 1704
Locke defines tyranny as ''the exercise of a power beyond right, which no body can have a right to. This is making use of the power anyone has in his hands, not for the good of those under it, but for his own private separate advantage.''
Advocate of collectivism - A system that values the group more than the individual. Moral, social, and economic goals are set by a ruling authority and dictated to individuals who must live and work by those standards.
Inadvertently laid down the foundation for totalitarianism.
One of the most important philosophers of the french enlightenment.
He did not advocate individualism.
'' No man has any natural authority over his fellow men'' -Rousseau
The Social Contract is thought to be the most important works of Rousseau's. It outlines the basis for a legitimate political order within a framework of classical republicanism. Published in 1762, it became one of the most influential works of political philosophy in Western tradition.
First Letter Concerning Toleration (1689)
The Second Treatise On Government
Locke writes in his Second Treatise On Government that the state of nature was a
''state of perfect freedom'' and ''a state of
equality'', society must emulate nature: free and equal.
Published Works of John Locke
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born June 28, 1712 and died July 12, 1778.
General philosophy was encapsulated in the idea of ''general will.''