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The civil War: The south

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Bailey Broussard

on 20 May 2014

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Transcript of The civil War: The south

Interesting Facts
"Colonel Gates, if you order me to drink a glass of wine with you, I shall have to do it."
- Braxton Braggs to Lieutenant Gates
Advantages and Disadvantages

Important people

South (Disadvantage)
Had few factories to produce weapons, railroad tracts, and other supplies

South (Disadvantage)
Had few railroads to move troops and vital supplies

South (Disadvantage)
The South had a small population, about 9 million lived in the Confederacy and 22 million in the Union

South (Disadvantage)
More than 1/3rd of the population was enslaved; therefore they had fewer people that could be soldiers

Abraham lincoln- U.S President at the time

General Grant - Fall campaign inventor

Diarist Emma Balfour- Inspring citizen

Mary Longborough- Inspiring citizen

Harriet Tubman- inspiring slave
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Major Battles
Battle of Gettysburg
June 27, 1862: Battle of Gaines' Mill
Casualties: 15,500

6,800 Union(North)
8,700 Confederate( south)
1,483 killed
6,402 wounded
108 missing & captured
8,700 total dead
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee placed his army around Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, upon the approach of Union Gen. George G. Meade’s forces. On July 1, Confederates drove Union defenders through Gettysburg to Cemetery Hill. The next day Lee struck the flanks of the Union line resulting in severe fighting at Devil's Den, Little Round Top, the Wheatfield, Peach Orchard, Culp’s Hill and East Cemetery Hill. Southerners gained ground but failed to dislodge the Union host. On the morning of July 3rd, fighting raged at Culp’s Hill with the Union regaining its lost ground. That afternoon, after a massive artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed with heavy losses in what is known as Pickett’s Charge. Lee's second invasion of the North had failed.
The Civil War: The South
Picture of Braxton Braggs

1 Fort Donelson | February 11-16, 1862
Major victory for Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and a catastrophe for the South. It ensured that Kentucky would stay in the Union and opened up Tennessee for a Northern advance along the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers. Grant received a promotion to major general for his victory.
2 Shiloh | April 6-7, 1862
The 40,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston drove the unprepared Federal forces from their camps and threatened to overwhelm Ulysses S. Grant’s entire command. Federals made stands and they had established a battle line known as the “Hornet's Nest.” The Confederate's attacks failed, but massed artillery helped the Confederates. The Confederates surrounded the Union troops and captured, killed, or wounded most. During the first day’s attacks, Gen. Johnston was mortally wounded and was replaced by P.G.T. Beauregard. The Federal army numbered about 40,000, outnumbering Beauregard’s army of less than 30,000. Grant’s counterattack overpowered the weakened Confederate forces and Beauregard’s army retired from the field. The battle at Shiloh caused 23,000 casualties and was the BLOODIEST battle in American history at its time.
3 Lincoln Signs Homestead Act
President Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Homestead Act, designed to grant public land to farmers at low cost. The act gave 160 acres of land to any applicant who was the head of a household and 21 years or older.By the end of the Civil War, some 15,000 land claims had been made.
4 Lincoln Issues Emancipation Proclamation
Declares that all people held as slaves within the rebel states shall be free. The proclamation also called for the recruitment and establishment of black military units among the Union forces.
5 Gettysburg | July 1-3, 1863
Confederates drove Union defenders through Gettysburg to Cemetery Hill. Southerners gained ground but failed to remove the Union. Fighting raged at Culp’s Hill with the Union regaining its lost ground. After a massive artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed with heavy losses in what is known as Pickett’s Charge. Lee's second invasion of the North had failed.

6 Vicksburg | May 18-July 4, 1863
Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half.

7 Chattanooga | November 23-25, 1863
The reinforced Federals began to fight their way out, overrunning Orchard Knob and gaining a foothold for continued attacks against the Confederate line. Grant launched an attack on Lookout Mountain and captured it after six hours of fighting. Grant ordered Sherman to attack Tunnel Hill. While Sherman’s initial attack was a failure, a second attack by General George H. Thomas managed to completely break the center of the Confederate line.

8 Mine Run | November 27-December 2, 1863
Carr’s division attacked twice. Johnson’s division counterattacked but was scattered by heavy fire and broken terrain. Lee withdrew to prepared field fortifications along Mine Run. The Union army closed on the Confederate position. Skirmishing was heavy, but a major attack did not materialize. Meade concluded that the Confederate line was too strong to attack and retired, ending the winter campaign.
October 8, 1862: Battle of Perryville
Casualties: 7,407

4,211 Union
3,196 Confederate
532 killed
2,641 wounded
228 missing & captured
3,401 total

December 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863: Battle of Stones River
Casualties: 23,515

13,249 Union

10,266 Confederate
1,294 killed
7,945 wounded
2,500 missing & captured

May 18 - July 4, 1863: Siege of Vicksburg
Casualties: 19,233

10,142 Union
9,091 Confederate
805 killed
1,938 wounded
29,620 missing & captured
32,492 total

One-third of the soilders who fought for the union Army were immigrants, nearly one in ten were African American.
Harriet Tubman led a raid to free slaves during the civil war.
Lincoln was almost shot at and nearly,killed almost two years before he was assassinated,luckily it only knocked off his hat.

Before William Tecumseh became a great Union General, he was demoted for apparent insanity.
Battle of Irish Bend was the closest battle to the school.
Robert E Lee
Robert Edward Lee was an American career military officer and education administrator who is best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War.
Born-January 19, 1807
Died- October 12, 1870
Robert E lee died of Pneumonia
South (Advantage)
Defending their homeland gave them a strong reason to fight

South (Advantage)
Had skills that made them good soldiers

South (Advantage)
Many of the best officers in the United States were from the South

They had some really good generals like Robert E. Lee, “Stonewall” Jackson, JEB Stuart, etc.
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