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The civil War: The south
Transcript of The civil War: The south
"Colonel Gates, if you order me to drink a glass of wine with you, I shall have to do it."
- Braxton Braggs to Lieutenant Gates
Advantages and Disadvantages
Had few factories to produce weapons, railroad tracts, and other supplies
Had few railroads to move troops and vital supplies
The South had a small population, about 9 million lived in the Confederacy and 22 million in the Union
More than 1/3rd of the population was enslaved; therefore they had fewer people that could be soldiers
Abraham lincoln- U.S President at the time
General Grant - Fall campaign inventor
Diarist Emma Balfour- Inspring citizen
Mary Longborough- Inspiring citizen
Harriet Tubman- inspiring slave
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Battle of Gettysburg
June 27, 1862: Battle of Gaines' Mill
8,700 Confederate( south)
108 missing & captured
8,700 total dead
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee placed his army around Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, upon the approach of Union Gen. George G. Meade’s forces. On July 1, Confederates drove Union defenders through Gettysburg to Cemetery Hill. The next day Lee struck the flanks of the Union line resulting in severe fighting at Devil's Den, Little Round Top, the Wheatfield, Peach Orchard, Culp’s Hill and East Cemetery Hill. Southerners gained ground but failed to dislodge the Union host. On the morning of July 3rd, fighting raged at Culp’s Hill with the Union regaining its lost ground. That afternoon, after a massive artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed with heavy losses in what is known as Pickett’s Charge. Lee's second invasion of the North had failed.
The Civil War: The South
Picture of Braxton Braggs
1 Fort Donelson | February 11-16, 1862
Major victory for Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and a catastrophe for the South. It ensured that Kentucky would stay in the Union and opened up Tennessee for a Northern advance along the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers. Grant received a promotion to major general for his victory.
2 Shiloh | April 6-7, 1862
The 40,000 Confederate soldiers under the command of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston drove the unprepared Federal forces from their camps and threatened to overwhelm Ulysses S. Grant’s entire command. Federals made stands and they had established a battle line known as the “Hornet's Nest.” The Confederate's attacks failed, but massed artillery helped the Confederates. The Confederates surrounded the Union troops and captured, killed, or wounded most. During the first day’s attacks, Gen. Johnston was mortally wounded and was replaced by P.G.T. Beauregard. The Federal army numbered about 40,000, outnumbering Beauregard’s army of less than 30,000. Grant’s counterattack overpowered the weakened Confederate forces and Beauregard’s army retired from the field. The battle at Shiloh caused 23,000 casualties and was the BLOODIEST battle in American history at its time.
3 Lincoln Signs Homestead Act
President Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Homestead Act, designed to grant public land to farmers at low cost. The act gave 160 acres of land to any applicant who was the head of a household and 21 years or older.By the end of the Civil War, some 15,000 land claims had been made.
4 Lincoln Issues Emancipation Proclamation
Declares that all people held as slaves within the rebel states shall be free. The proclamation also called for the recruitment and establishment of black military units among the Union forces.
5 Gettysburg | July 1-3, 1863
Confederates drove Union defenders through Gettysburg to Cemetery Hill. Southerners gained ground but failed to remove the Union. Fighting raged at Culp’s Hill with the Union regaining its lost ground. After a massive artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed with heavy losses in what is known as Pickett’s Charge. Lee's second invasion of the North had failed.
6 Vicksburg | May 18-July 4, 1863
Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half.
7 Chattanooga | November 23-25, 1863
The reinforced Federals began to fight their way out, overrunning Orchard Knob and gaining a foothold for continued attacks against the Confederate line. Grant launched an attack on Lookout Mountain and captured it after six hours of fighting. Grant ordered Sherman to attack Tunnel Hill. While Sherman’s initial attack was a failure, a second attack by General George H. Thomas managed to completely break the center of the Confederate line.
8 Mine Run | November 27-December 2, 1863
Carr’s division attacked twice. Johnson’s division counterattacked but was scattered by heavy fire and broken terrain. Lee withdrew to prepared field fortifications along Mine Run. The Union army closed on the Confederate position. Skirmishing was heavy, but a major attack did not materialize. Meade concluded that the Confederate line was too strong to attack and retired, ending the winter campaign.
October 8, 1862: Battle of Perryville
228 missing & captured
December 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863: Battle of Stones River
2,500 missing & captured
May 18 - July 4, 1863: Siege of Vicksburg
29,620 missing & captured
One-third of the soilders who fought for the union Army were immigrants, nearly one in ten were African American.
Harriet Tubman led a raid to free slaves during the civil war.
Lincoln was almost shot at and nearly,killed almost two years before he was assassinated,luckily it only knocked off his hat.
Before William Tecumseh became a great Union General, he was demoted for apparent insanity.
Battle of Irish Bend was the closest battle to the school.
Robert E Lee
Robert Edward Lee was an American career military officer and education administrator who is best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War.
Born-January 19, 1807
Died- October 12, 1870
Robert E lee died of Pneumonia
Defending their homeland gave them a strong reason to fight
Had skills that made them good soldiers
Many of the best officers in the United States were from the South
They had some really good generals like Robert E. Lee, “Stonewall” Jackson, JEB Stuart, etc.