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Transcript of Vietnam
Modern Day Vietnam
Flag & Symbolism
Became the official flag since the Vietnamese
Red symbolizes the blood sacrificed by
the vietnamese soldiers.
Yellow symbolizes Vietnam's society as a whole.
Tet Nguyen Dan: Vietnamese New Year
Begins on Feb. 1st
Features aspects of Western Thanksgiving, New Year's Day, and Halloween.
It celebrates Vietnamese culture
Celebrates the anniversary of North and South Vietnam rejoining as one country.
Performances, flag waving, and closure of government offices.
The Major Language
Created by a Spanish missionary during French colonization.
Uses the Latin alphabet instead of symbols.
Has six intonations in speaking and writing.
Type of government: Socialist Republic with a constitution
Head of state: Truong Tan Sang ( In office since: July 25, 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Nyguen Tan Dung (In office since: June 27th, 2006)
USD $1.00= VND. Dong 21,605.00
Temperatures are high all year round in Central and South Vietnam.
Northern Vietnam has cooler temperatures due to Monsoons.
Typical Monsoon climate.
"In 2009, Vietnam achieved growth of 5.3%, exceeded goals, and ranked highest in the world for economic growth."-Vietrade
Việt Nam ngày nay
Roaming tribes from southern China move into an area called the Red River Delta, where many Indonesian people are already living. Together, they form the earliest ancestors of today's Vietnamese people.
A Chinese general establishes the independent kingdom of Nam-Viet. It is made up of what is today northern Vietnam and parts of southern China.
The rulers of China's Han dynasty conquer Nam-Viet and make it part of the Chinese empire. China rules over the Vietnamese for more than 1,000 years afterward. While they are heavily influenced by Chinese arts, religions, politics and farming, the Vietnamese work hard to preserve their unique national identity.
After more than 1,000 years in power, China withdraws from what is now northern Vietnam, then known as Annam. It becomes an independent kingdom.
French missionary Alexandre de Rhodes creates the first dictionary for quoc-ngu, a script of Vietnamese still used today. The script helped increase literacy rates and spread Christianity.
Prince Nguyen Anh unites the northern, central and southern regions of his country and calls it Vietnam. The prince and the emperors who follow establish programs to build new bridges and castles and restore old structures.
Angered by Vietnam's positions against business deals and Catholic missionaries, the French launch their first major attack. They fire upon the Vietnamese at the port of Danang, a city in central Vietnam.
France takes control of Vietnam. In 1887, it becomes a French colony. The French take charge of Vietnam's farmlands, minerals and other natural resources. They also introduce the Vietnamese to European schooling and customs.
Japan takes over Vietnam during World War II after its ally Germany defeats the French. Japan and Germany are later defeated.
Ho Chi Minh, a leader of a form of government called Communism, organizes groups to fight for Vietnam's independence. In a Communist government, a country’s wealth and resources are shared by all citizens, and the government owns and controls all property.
France tries to regain control of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh, a Vietnamese Communist, leads an independence movement, called the Vietminh, against the French. Communism is a form of government where a country's resources are shared and the government controls all property; many freedoms are restricted.
The Vietminh defeats the French. Vietnam is divided into two zones: the Communist-ruled north and a republic in the south. Ho Chi Minh is President of North Vietnam until 1969.
Communists supported by North Vietnam cause conflict in South Vietnam. This conflict between the two halves of Vietnam marks the beginning of the Vietnam War.
Trying to stop the spread of Communism, the United States sends combat troops to Vietnam. About 60,000 American soldiers and many more Vietnamese soldiers die in the years to follow. This loss of lives sparks anti-war protests all over America.
In response to anti-war feelings, the U.S. signs a peace accord with North Vietnam. American troops leave Vietnam.
South Vietnam surrenders to Communist North Vietnam. North and South Vietnam are united in 1976 under Communist leadership.
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. It is a wall of polished black granite engraved with the names of all the soldiers who died in the Vietnam War or are missing.
The U.S. and Vietnam successfully work together to recover the remains of American soldiers missing since the war.
The U.S. and Vietnam restore diplomatic ties.
Thirteen years after the U.S. lifts its 19-year ban on trading with Vietnam, the country joins the World Trade Organization as its 150th member.
The government places tighter sanctions on the media. Many journalists are jailed for printing pro-democracy and anti government articles.
Land - Roaming tribes from southern China move into an area called the Red River Delta, where many Indonesian people are already living. Together, they form the earliest ancestors of today's Vietnamese people.
Language - "Chu nom" is a mixture of modified Chinese characters and a sprinkling of modern French and English words as well
September 2, 1945 Vietnam independence is officially proclaimed thanks to Ho Chi Minh
2879 B.C. - Hung Vuong is the first ruler of Vietnam
939-967 - Ngo Dynasty - Chinese driven out
968-980 - Dinh Dynasty - Established by the dominant feudal lord who finally unified the country
980-1009 - Early Le Dynasty - Buddhism was established as the dominant religion of Viet Nam
1009-1225 - Ly Dynasty - Known as "Land of the Rising Dragon" based on a kings dream
1225-1400 - Tran Dynasty - Fight off invasions
1400-1428 - Ho Dynasty - Chinese occupied Vietnam
1428-1776 - Late Le Dynasty - Guerrilla warfar used to drive Chinese away
1543-1776 - Trinh and Nguyen Rulers - Civil war between North and South
1792-1883 - Nguyen Dynasty - United by heavy French influence (railroad system)
2879 B.C. - Hung Vuong is the first ruler of Vietnam
111 B.C. - Nam Viet was conquered and incorporated into the Chinese empire
939-1883 -Invaders were (mostly) successfully driven out
1940 - Japan takes over during WWII
1945 - Japan surrenders during WWII
1945 - Ho Chi Minh becomes president
Traditional Vietnamese music is rustic with uniques vietnamese instruments. Influenced by Chinese, Japanese, and French music.
V Pop is mostly love songs and ballads but not as popular as K Pop.
Represents resilience, indominability, and bravery of the vietnamese people.
Rice: (Unofficial) Rice is in every dish, and a large part of history and life of Vietnam. It is the grain that feeds the population.
PHO: Rice noodle soup served with a side plate of herbs.
Ao Dai- Fitted full length dress worn with loose fitted trousers.
Non La- Palm leaf Comical hat
Buddhist believe in order to gain wisdom and understanding you must lead a moral life, be mindful of thoughts and actions.
4 Noble truths: Suffering is inevitable; Desire, ignorance, and hatred cause suffering; You must liberate yourself from attachment to avoid suffering; The end of suffering is realized through the eighfold path.
The most important aspects of interpersonal relationships is Respect.
Elderly= Most Respected family members
Males= Head of Household
Achievements & Celebrities
2 Silver Medals in the Summer Olympics:
Hieu Ngan: Taekwondo at Sydney 2000
Anh Tuan: Weightligting at Beijing 2008
*Does not do Winter Olympics
Hoan Kiem Lake
Thien Mu Pagoda
Ha Long Bay
BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/beliefs/fournobletruths_1.shtml#h5>.
"Language Overview." Vietnamese Language. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015. <http://www.vietnamonline.com/culture/language-overview.html>.
"National Flag." Vietnam Flag, Meaning of Vietnam Flag, History of Vietnam Flag. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015. <http://www.vietnamonline.com/culture/national-flag.html>.
"Overview of Vietnam's Economy." Overview of Vietnam's Economy. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015. <http://www.vietrade.gov.vn/en/index.php?option=com_content&id=759&Itemid=76>.
"Vietnamese Zodiac." And Astrology. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015. <http://www.vietnamonline.com/culture/vietnamese-zodiac.html>.
"What Is Pho? | Pho Restaurants." Pho Restaurants. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015. <http://www.phocafe.co.uk/our-food/what-is-pho/>.