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Transcript of Hypochondriac
Often misinterpret minor health problems or normal body functions as symptoms of a serious disease.
example is a person who is sure that their headaches are caused by a brain tumor.
Symptoms associated with hypochondriac are not under the person's voluntary control and can cause great distress and/or can interfere with a person's normal functioning.
Can occur at any time of life, but most often begins in early adulthood.
affects men and women equally. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/hypochondriasis/hic_hypochondriasis.aspx What Causes Hypochondriac? Exact cause is not known. Factors that might be involved in the development of the disorder includes
history of physical or sexual abuse
poor ability to express emotions
a parent or close relative with the disorder--children might learn this behavior if a parent is overly concerned about disease or overreacts to even minor illnesses
an inherited susceptibility for the disorder Complications At risk for repeated episodes of symptoms.
Can suffer from reactions or health problems related to multiple tests, procedures, and treatments.
Repeated episodes can lead to unnecessary and risky procedures. Symptoms Can range from general complaints (pain or tiredness) to concerns about normal body functions (breathing or stomach noises).
has history of going to many doctors
recently experienced a loss or stressful event
overly concerned about a specific organ or body system
suffer from anxiety, nervousness or depression Treatment Main goal is to help patients live and function as normally as possible. Treatment aims to alter the thinking and behavior that leads to the symptoms.
Supportive care-- patients stay in regular contact with a trusted health care provider. The doctor can monitor the symptoms and stay alert to any changes that might signal a real medical illness. The doctor's main approach is to focus on reassuring and supporting the patient, and preventing unnecessary tests and treatments.
Medicines- Antidepressant or anti-anxiety drugs sometimes used if patient has a mood disorder or anxiety disorder.
Psychotherapy-- a type of counseling that can be helpful in changing the thinking and behavior that contribute to the symptoms. Therapy can help patient learn better ways to deal with stress, and improve their social and work functioning. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/hypochondriasis/hic_hypochondriasis.aspx Prevention? No known way to prevent hypochondriac. However, providing the person with an understanding and supporting environment might help decrease the severity of the symptoms and help patient better cope with the disorder. Professionals Psychiatrist- provide medical and psychiatric evaluations, treat psychiatric disorders, provide psychotherapy, and prescribe and monitor medications. Psychologist- provide psychological testing, evaluations, treat emotional and behavioral problems and mental disorders and provide psychotherapy. Psychologist Education
at least a master's degree in psychology
a PhD required in some states
license to practice in your state
$35,000 to $110,000 a year
highly successful psychologists can earn more
earnings depend on education, experience, location, and type of work
2006= 3,660 2016= 4,040 Information? --University of Maryland Medical Center
http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/hypochondriasis-000089.htm Mai Nhia Thao