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Using Facebook to Facilitate Class Discussion in the Blended Learning Environment
Transcript of Using Facebook to Facilitate Class Discussion in the Blended Learning Environment
Brief historical overview of facilitating discussions
What the research suggests for discussions
Research on using Facebook for discussions
How to create/design a class Facebook page
Brief Historical Overview
of Facilitating Discussions
Distance education = virtual communication (Rosman, 1999).
Discussion = learning strategy (Swan, Schenker, Arnold, & Kuo, 2007; Lapadat, 2001; McLoughlin & Luca, 2000).
Historically, class discussions = threaded discussion forum in LMS (Godwin-Jones, 2003).
Discussion is dependent upon when the users have time to log in and participate, which means there are no immediate responses and conversations (Dunlop & Lowenthal, 2009).
How Can We Improve Discussion?
Setting up Facebook for Discussion
Student satisfaction is higher if more natural and synchronous (Myers & Schiltz, 2012).
Students who participate more in discussions earn higher grades (Crampton, Ragusa, & Cavanagh, 2012).
Digital native learning favors using social media as a classroom tool (Small & Vorgan, 2009).
In a sample, 456 American postsecondary institutions all reported they use social media. The largest percentage was accredited to Facebook (98%)
(Barnes & Lescault, 2011).
Faculty members and students must create their own professional Facebook Accounts.
Faculty member must create a Secret Group for the course.
Ex: English 120 T/H
Using Facebook for Discussion
Active teacher participation is an important part of the students’ engagement in the discussion (Whipp & Chiarelli, 2004).
At least two discussion topics related to course content a week, posted by the instructor:
Evaluation & Grading
Clear grading guidelines from the very first day (Jiang & Ting, 2000).
Model good & bad responses (Gilbert & Dabbagh, 2005).
Grade dependent upon quality of interaction (Wang & Newlin, 2000).
Grade upon activity, timeliness, connection with peers, on topic, use of outside sources-Rovai (2007).
Let's Use Facebook for Discussion
Research has revealed:
Students feel that the use of Facebook in the classroom strengthens their communication as a group and is a valuable part of the course (Baran, 2010).
Facebook is the preferred technology and students prefer the website as a ‘one stop shop’ to collaborate and communicate with their peers and instructor (Charltona, Devlina, & Drummond, 2009).
Facebook’s group feature has been found as a more effective way to host class discussion for previously LMS-hosted discussions (Schroeder & Greenbowe, 2009).