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carbon compound

quiz/test for biology about carbon compounds

lizbeth herger

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of carbon compound

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY- they study all of the compounds that contain a carbon skeleton CARBON COMPOUND MICROMOLECULES --> POLYMERIZATION ==> POLYMER Carbon has the ability to form millions of different large complex structure called micromolecules (made up of C,H,O) CARBOHYDRATES are generally not solluble in water because they are non-polar or hydrophobic (oil). Made of C, H. DONT GO THOUGH POLYMERIZATION. Diverse in structure. LIPIDS ORGANIC COMPOUND CARBOHYDRATES
PROTEIN FUNCTIONS -main source of energy
-structural purpose TYPES: -monosaccharides


-polysaccharides monosaccharides single sugar molecule, main fule molecule for celular work (Glucouse, fructous, galaclous, deoxyribose = DNA, ribose) Disaccarides made up of 2 mobosaccharides, by dehydration
(putting together= dehydration)
separating= hydration) EXAMPLES:
sucrose, maltose, luctose POLYSACCHARIDES (largest molecule) * Storage molecule: starch (plants), glycogen (animals)

* Structural compound: cellulose (wood, paper), chitin (insects, fungi, bacteria) CHATEGORIES:
- CHOLESTERAL (cell membrane) (formed in chains) PROTEIN molecules that contain N, C, H and O. * Monomers: amino acids à amino group/ carboxylic group

* Polymers: polypeptide = protein

* Dehydration occurs to form proteins * Functions

o Structure: collagen in skin, keratin in hair, horns, nails

o Movement: actin and myosin in muscles allow contractions

o Defense: attached to antibodies in blood stream à swelling, fever occur as reactions

o Signaling: growth hormone in bloodstream

o Storage: albumin in egg white

o Catalyzing reaction: enzymes à specific enzymes help with different functions such as digestion NUCLEIC ACID made up of H, O, N, C, PH. -polymers assembled from individual monomers
known as NUCLETIDES FUNCTION -store and transmit hereditary or hereditary information TYPES o Ribonucleic acid (RNA): sugar ribose à formed from DNA protein synthesis

o Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA): sugar deoxyribose CHEMICAL REACTIONS reactant + reactant = product * Energy is released or absorbed whenever chemical bonds form or brake

* Mass and energy are conserved

* Every organism must have a source of energy to carry out chemical reactions

o Plants (sun) = photosynthesis

o Consumers eat producers =metabolism ENZYMES type of protein, biological catalyst, body workers active site- region where the substrate bond with the enzyme.
hydrolysis - reaction where water is added to break a bond. enzymes get affected by: pH (changes the form)
temperature (changes form) essential roles: -regulating chemical pathways
-making materials that cells need
-releasing energy
-transferring information Functions - energy storage
- water proofing
- mempranes in cell
-hormones TYPES METABOLIC ENZYMES: DIGESTIVE ENZYMES FOOD ENZYMES run the body, involved in the growth of new cells and maintainence of all tissue are made by the bodys organs that deal with the digestive system (stomach, pancreas, small intestine). exist in natural raw food, are within the food we eat
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