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The Greek Myth of Hippolyta and Theseus

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Jenna Szczech

on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of The Greek Myth of Hippolyta and Theseus

The Greek Myth of Hippolyta and Theseus
The Myth
In the myth of Theseus and Hippolyta, Theseus travels to the land of the Amazons and kidnaps Hippolyta to take back to Athens. There Theseus marries Hippolyta, who soon gives birth to a son named Hippolytus. Theseus then falls in love with another woman named Phaedra, and shuns Hippolyta. Hippolyta returns to the Amazons after leaving her son with Theseus and Phaedra.
Hippolyta was the daughter of Ares and Otrera, and was a sister of Antiope, Melanippe, and Penthesilea. She was also Queen of the Amazons. Hippolyta was said to have a magical girdle(a waist belt) that signified her authority as Queen of the Amazons, and was given to her by her father, Ares. Heracles supposedly stole the girdle from her, which provoked the Amazons into attacking Heracles and his crew.
Theseus' Family
Theseus had 2 fathers and 1 mother. His mother, Aethra, laid with Poseidon and Aegeus in the same night, so Theseus had both the blood of a god, and the blood of a king in his body. Theseus is also the cousin of Heracles.
Ares was the god of war. His parents were Zeus, the king of the gods and the god of the sky, and Hera, the queen of the gods and the goddess of marriage. Ares was also a lover of Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty and love who was married to Hephaestus.
Poseidon was the god of the sea, and the brother of Hera, Zeus, Hades, Demeter, and Hestia. He was also the father of many heroes and gods. He was married to Amphitrite, a daughter of Nereus, the old sea god.
Hippolyta's Family
Hippolyta's parents were Ares and Otrera. Her sisters were Antiope, Melanippe, and Penthesilea. After being wed to Theseus, Hippolyta bore a son named Hippolytus.
Otrera was the Queen of the Amazons before Hippolyta. She was also the daughter of Eurus, the east wind, was a lover of Ares, and was the mother of Hippolyta, Antiope, Melanippe, and Penthesilea.
Theseus was the son of Poseidon, Aegeus, and Aethra, and was the cousin of Hercules. He became king of Athens after his father, the king of Athens, died. Theseus grew up not knowing his father, because his parents weren't married when Theseus was consummated.
The Myth of the Labrinth
Theseus heard about how the Athenians had to send 7 Athenian boys and 7 Athenian girls every year to Crete, where they would be sacrificed to the Minotaur, a beast that has the body of a man, and the head of a bull, and volunteered to be one of those Athenian sacrifices. At Crete, Theseus seduced Minos' daughter, and convinced her to help him find and kill the Minotaur. On the voyage back to Athens, Theseus left Ariadne on a stranded island, where Dionysus, the god of wine, fell in love with her, and married her.
Aethra was the daughter of King Pittheus of Troezen, the mother of Theseus, and the lover of both Poseidon and Aegeus. She raised Theseus in Troezen, so he didn't know either of his fathers as he was growing up.
Aegeus was the king of Athens and the father of Theseus. He had 3 brothers named Pallas, Nisos, and Lykos. After he met Aethra, he married the witch Medea, who tried to poison Theseus upon seeing him, and was chased out of the palace by Theseus after he learned of her murderous plot.
Works Cited
D'Aulaire, Ingri, and Edgar Parin D'Aulaire. Ingri and Edgar Parin D'Aulaire's Book of Greek Myths. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1962. Print.
Evans, Cheryl, and Anne Millard. Greek Myths & Legends. London: Usborne, 2003. Print.
"Hippolyta." Hippolyta. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2013. <http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Hippolyta.html>.
"Hippolyta (Hippolyte)." Shmoop. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://www.shmoop.com/hippolyta-hippolyte/>.
"Hippolyta." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Nov. 2013. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippolyta>.
Napoli, Donna Jo. Treasury of Greek Mythology: Classic Stories of Gods, Goddesses, Heroes & Monsters. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2011. Print.
"Theseus." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Nov. 2013. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theseus>.

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