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Port Arthur

Changing Communities

b h

on 5 December 2012

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Transcript of Port Arthur

Changing Communities Task Port Arthur Political Changes
Overview "Port Arthur... 'a machine to grind rogues into honest men...'

Such was the vision for the Port Arthur penal settlement - a bold experiment and groundbreaking attempt at reform and rehabilitation for the convicts of the colony of Van Dieman's Land." Economic Changes News article from the Daily Telegraph covering the massacre. Environmental Changes - Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority Bibliography "Australian Convict Sites." - UNESCO World Heritage Centre. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1306>.
Cuthbertson, M. (). Port Arthur: The Beginning of Education and Training in Modern Australian Correctional Systems. Available: http://portarthur.org.au/file.aspx?id=2896. Last accessed 16th Nov 2012.
Beattie, Stewart. "Port Arthur Massacre." Port Arthur Massacre. N.p., 2001. Web. 22 Nov. 2012. <http://members.iimetro.com.au/~hubbca/port_arthur.htm>.
"Historical Disasters." Historical Disasters. Australian Emergency Management Department, 13 Oct. 2011. Web. 22 Nov. 2012. <http://www.em.gov.au/library/Onlineresources/Historicaldisasters/Pages/HistoricalDisastersPortArthurMassacre.aspx>.
Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority. (2010). Convict Life.Available: http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?id=12731. Last accessed 14th Nov 2012. Summary of Changes Social Pre-1900s 1803 1830s 1827 1840s 1877 1930s Present Photograph of Port Arthur in the 1870s. Arrival of British settlers
Local Aboriginal population decimated by new arrivals and foreign diseases No more records indicating existence of remaining Aboriginal people of the Oyster Bay tribe Governor George Arthur orders new large-scale penal settlement
Port Arthur located on narrow strip of fertile land - surrounding area was wilderness - natural prison Penitentiary and hospital, Port Arthur. The dockyard ship sculpture. The Separate Prison. Civil residences were originally a small functional building but this slowly grew into more substantial properties. Picnickers at Port Arthur in the early 20th century. Portrait of Governor George Arthur. 1927 renamed "Port Arthur" - becomes tourist site Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority. (2010). Life After the Convicts. Available: http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?id=12767. Last accessed 16th Nov 2012.
Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority. (2010). Heritage Values. Available: http://portarthur.org.au/file.aspx?id=3074 . Last accessed 16th Nov 2012.
Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority. (2010). Port Arthur Historic Site. Available: http://portarthur.org.au/file.aspx?id=2896. Last accessed 16th Nov 2012.
"Visit." Port Arthur . Port Arthur Historic Site Authority, 16 Mar. 2010. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?id=4157>.
Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority. (2010). The Industrial Prison. Available: http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?base=2573. Last accessed 16th Nov 2012.
Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority. (2010). Ship Building at Port Arthur. Available: http://www.portarthur.org.au/index.aspx?base=2566. Last accessed 16th Nov 2011 Changes The Coal Mines were part of the convict discipline and punishment system, with the 'worst-class' convicts labouring in them.
During its busiest years, the Coal Mines almost had 600 prisoners with their jailers and their families living and working on site. 1860 saw an influx in ageing in the convict population. The convicts who had passed away were buried on the Isle of the Dead. The graph above shows the amount of people employed by the Port Arthur area. The graph shows that the amount people employed are increasing over the years. This graph shows the Port Arthur contribution to Gross State Product and shows that the amount contributed has been steadily increasing since 1999 and according to trends will continue to do so. The graph above shows that the wage income of workers in the Port Arthur area have been increasing since 1999. The graphs show that the Port Arthur area has been steadily contributing economically to the Tasman peninsula region with the employment, contribution to state gross product and wage income steadily increasing since 1999. According to these trends it is predicted that Port Arthur will continue to do so in the future. 28 April 1996, Port Arthur Massacre
35 people killed, 21 wounded
Public and political uproar
Background information:
Birth name: Martin Bryant
Born: 7 May 1967 (age 45)Tasmania, Australia
Penalty: 35 life sentences + 1,035 years without parole
Killed: 35
Injured: 21
Colt AR-15,
L1A1 SLR Colt AR-15 L1A1 SLR Mourners gathered at the monument for those who were killed in the massacre. Prime Minister John Howard addresses gun shop owners whilst wearing a bullet-proof vest under his suit (visible). Located on Southern Coast of Tasman Peninsula, 50km southeast of Hobart.
Occupies narrow strip of fertile land surrounding Mason Cove and Carnarvon Bay
Before rrival of European settlers, surrounding area was wilderness which was then pushed back by the establishment of the convict penal colony Screen shots mapping out Port Arthur. Penitentiary Asylum, Separate Prison & Pauper Depot Separate Prison Hospital Museum residences On-site Port Arthur... Mason Cove Settlement Mason Cove from inside the prison. Commandant's House on Mason Cove. Mason Cove overview. Point Puer Boys' Prison Above: Point Puer; Right: The boys' prison from the vantage of the Isle of the Dead. Coastal Strip Photograph of Port Arthur jetty ca. 1900 and ca. 1955. Isle of the Dead Left: Headstones of convicts, soldiers and paupers alike; Below: Photograph of the isle from Point Puer ca. 1899. Above: Current state of the isle. Port Arthur exceptional example of 19th century European strategy of using forced labour of convicts to establish global empires.

Port Arthur demonstrates adaptation of 19th century British penal system to Australian conditions.

Port Arthur was industrial establishment which engaged in large scale manufacture for both government and private markets.

After closure in 1877, site became highlight of Tasmanian and Australian heritage tourism.

Tragedy of 28 April 1996 led to changes in Australia's gun laws. Martin Bryant 1. Who were the original inhabitants of the area that Port Arthur is located on? Clue: Think of something squishy. 2. How do you pronounce this word: PENAL. 3. What factors contributed to the convicts going insane?
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