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Jefferson vs. Hamilton

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by

Mr. Meyer

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of Jefferson vs. Hamilton

Jefferson, Hamilton, and the Birth of Political Parties in America
What does the Constitution have to say about Political Parties?
Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists
Favored ratification of the Constitution
Wanted a stronger central government
Opposed Ratification
Feared a strong central government would infringe on the rights of states and individuals.
Secretary of the Treasury
Secretary of State
Elected 1789
Strong Central Government
Loose Interpretation of the Constitution
Di
Limited Federal Government and Strong States
Strict Interpretation of the Constitution
Believed in the will of the people to maintain order in society
THOMAS JEFFERSON
ALEXANDER HAMILTON
Hamilton
Wanted the federal government to assume the states' Revolutionary War debts
Advocated a National Bank to collect taxes and hold national funds
Sought tariffs and subsidies to promote manufacturing and industry
Supported the Alien and Sedition Acts, which restricted political opposition
Favored close relations with Britain
Jefferson
Opposed creating large federal debt
Opposed the National Bank and wanted to limit the ability of the central government to tax its citizens
Believed that America should be a primarily agrarian society based on small farmers and laborers
Opposed the Alien and Sedition Acts, and fiercely protected individual liberties
Favored close relations with France
Debate over interpretation of the Constitution involved two of its components:
The "Necessary and Proper Clause," which grants Congress the authority to make laws that are "necessary and proper" for it to execute its Constitutional powers; and
The 10th Amendment, which states that "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."
Jefferson and Hamilton Got the Party* Started!
(The Two-Party System, that is!)
Federalists
National Republicans
Whigs
Republicans
Democratic-Republicans
Democrats
How do the issues at the heart of the Hamilton-Jefferson debate persist in politics today?
"No other statesman has personified national power and the rule of the favored few so well as Hamilton, and no other has glorified self-government and the freedom of the individual to such a degree as Jefferson" - Dumas Malone
*The two-party system, that is.
Federalists and Democratic-Republicans Face Off
"Republicans" believed Hamilton wanted to make the country a monarchy.
1791: Jefferson hired a 'French translator'(a.k.a. newspaper editor) to attack Hamilton
By 1792, there was a group voting with Madison across a range of issues.
Strong Federal Government
Loose Interpretation of the Constitution
Distrusted the masses, favored rule through the economic and social elite
Nothing.
ON THE ISSUES...
Two Political Parties Develop
Federalist Party
Alexander Hamilton
Democratic-Republican Party
Thomas Jefferson
Main Questions
What were the philosophical differences between Jefferson and Hamilton? How did these differences influence their views on policy?
How did the Jefferson-Hamilton rivalry shape the American two-party system?
What aspects of the Jefferson-Hamilton debate are still politically relevant today?
Spring 1792: Jefferson told Washington that Hamilton was subverting republicanism.
Hamilton thought Virginia was subverting the Constitution.
Full transcript