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Selen Sarıkaya Orientalism and Turquerie Turquerie
Desired, feared and romanticized
Turquerie is an Orientalist art and fashion movement that occured in the Western Europe between 16th and 18th centuries. Turquerie in Stage Arts Music and Dance Turquerie was the Orientalist fashion in Western Europe from the 16th to 18th centuries for imitating aspects of Turkish art and culture. Many different Western European countries were fascinated by the exotic and relatively unknown culture of Turkey, which was the center of the Ottoman Empire and they include the turquerie trend in stage arts, music and dance too. Opera
•European opera was influenced heavily by the idea of turquerie and its significant subjects.
• Tragedie lyrique Music
•Triangle, tambourine, cymbal and bass drum.
•Three noted Classical era composers. Dance
1.sexuality and sensualityreligious fervor and spirituality
3.Show Turquerie in Paintings ORIENTALISM
Imitation or representation of aspects of Middle Eastern, and East Asian cultures (Eastern cultures) by European and American artists.
Since Edward Said:
It refers to a general patronizing Western attitude towards Middle Eastern, Asian and North African societies. ORIGINATION Age of Exploration, More commodities
Valuing exotic goods.
Ottoman’s increasing power against Europe.
France – Ottoman Alliance EXOTIC YET BARBARIC Lady Mary Wortley Montagu’s Letters English aristocrat and writer, wife to the British Ambassador.
access private homes and female-only spaces
Inspiration for male artists such as Ingres.
West gained political superiority in 19th century.
Westernesation was seen as the solution and Ottoman started to otherize the East in itself. 1780-89 Jens Juel (Danish painter, 1745-1802) Louise Augusta ORIENTALISM AND POLITICS
''Engineering of Eastern culture''
Interpretation of the East HOW? WHERE?
''an imaginary life of the East''
''East which shapes in Western mind'' At First..
trying to understand Eastern culture
The French Campaign in Egypt (1798 – 1801)
learn their language
visit cities It Changed In Time
different from reality
an imaginary understanding without experiencing East
paintings of East without seeing East
created woman and man figure of the East
underdeveloped This Understanding Was Released
politics used these terms to define East
politics used the new understanding of the East
West defined itself as the one who is responsible for making East ''modern''.
East needs to be ''modern''. MICHEL FOUCAULT (1926 – 1984)
'' Knowledge = Power ''
reality -- knowledge – power
West produces knowledge East begun to underestimate itself
loosing their own culture
Turkey! MARKETING OF ORIENTALISM
cappadocia dolls – Nevehir
Carpet – From East of Anatolia
Appreciate they use it
for being different/original
because of interesting and undiscovered
1720 Nicolas de Largillière (French artist, 1656-1746) Lady as a sultana
1730-40 Rosalba Carriera (Venitian artist, 1675-1757) Felicita Sartori in Turkish Costume
1750s William Hoare (English Painter, ca.1707-1792) Caroline-1723-74 1st Lady of Holland
1762 François-Hubert Drouais (French artist, 1727-1775) Mlle de Romans en turque 770s Gabriel de Saint-Aubin (French artist, 1724–1780) Two Cousins in Turkish Dress 1770s Unknown artist (1702-1789) Woman and Girl in Turkish Clothes 1771 George Willison (Scottish artist, 1741-1797) Nancy Parsons in Turkish dress 1790 Jean-Baptiste Greuze (French artist, 1725-1805) Portrait of Mademoiselle Guimard 1800 Dorothea von Medem (German artist, 1761-1821) Woman in Turkish Costume Eugène Francois Marie Joseph Devéria (French artist, 1805-1865) Roxane in Jean-Baptiste Racine's Bajazet Thank you for listening ! Inference Human beings and the nationalities are always putting their identities in the center !! "Every society places itself at the center of the world and accords "others" inferior positions in this hierarchy "
(The Image of the Turkish Women in Orientalists" Travelbooks From the "Others" Point of View by Ömer Düzbakar) The dress, posture, and props were carefully selected in order to communicate the status correctly.