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Complete Streets in Ontario and Beyond: Context, Centralization, and Barriers to Implementation

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Ryan Whitney

on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of Complete Streets in Ontario and Beyond: Context, Centralization, and Barriers to Implementation

Ryan Anders Whitney, Complete Streets Researcher and Project Manager, TCAT/CAP
Sudbury Complete Streets Workshop - May 15, 2012 Complete Streets at TCAT 7 Element 1: Language and Intent
Element 2: Users and Modes
Element 3: Applies to all road projects
Element 4: Exceptions
Element 5: Encourages Connectivity
Element 6: Jurisdictions
Element 7: Design
Element 8: Community Context
Element 9: Performance Measures
Element 10: Implementation No one size fits all approach: fresh talent to a champion to envisioning 6 2 Users and Modes: Waterloo “Roads under the City’s jurisdiction will be planned as ‘complete streets’, enabling users of all ages and abilities – pedestrians, bicycles, transit riders and motorists – to interact and move more safely along and across City streets” Section 5.4 The Road Network: Policies All have opportunities to improve language “It [Complete Streets] would be an easy reference for decision-makers
to rely on, and for concerned citizens to be aware of. A policy
would support other City documents that promote
active transportation, which is sometimes buried or not explicit”. Over 80% interested in a CS policy Photo: City of Edmonton
“When the rubber hits the road and when we design, we fall short; but, we’re getting better”.


-Anne Ostrom , Thunder Bay District Health Unit Growing Across Canada 1 Language and Intent “The development of the City’s Transportation System
shall be directed towards the following objectives:
iii) Plan for a more balanced transportation system to accommodate increased use of public transit, cycling and pedestrian facilities;” Peterborough Official Plan - Section 5.2 Transportation Objectives 3 Projects – All Municipalities How many municipalities consider all road constructions phases
as opportunities? 4 Exceptions – Thunder Bay “Sidewalks shall be provided along one side of local roads within the urban area except for short streets, loops or cul-de-sacs where, in the opinion of the City Engineer, the expected traffic volumes will be less than 200 trips per day (the traffic volume generated by approximately 20 residential units), approval may be given to eliminate all sidewalk requirements” Section 10.52 Sidewalk Linkages “I think the adoption of a complete streets policy helps to broaden our thinking with respect to transportation planning, and can serve to establish a set of planning priorities based on new values (such as the vulnerability of users, rather than traffic flow indicators) - it is important that these values be formalized as guidelines for planners and engineers within municipalities”. What Are Complete Streets? Complete Streets provide safe access for all road users including pedestrians, cyclists, public transit users, and motorists of all ages and abilities. Incomplete Streets are still the Norm!! 30% of Canadians don’t drive
400 peds/cyclists killed annually (2,400 injured)
GTHA: 17% of trips walkable, 40% bikeable
Equality of seniors, children, people who do not drive
Health ...Adopting a Complete Streets policy can help. IBI Group IBI Group Photo: Paul Young ...but we know how to build Complete Streets Ensures decision-makers consider all users on all roads. TCAT's Complete Streets Program “Healthy cities don't just happen. They result from creative vision, strategic decision-making and thoughtful implementation that respects the needs and challenges of all residents. They happen by design ... “ Toronto Public Health, 2011 Gap Analysis 17 Municipalities
Funds: Ontario Trillium Foundation
Policy, Implementation, Case Studies Policy Implementation –Advocate, Peterborough New Tools! Case Studies What's a Gap Analysis? Weakest: Language and Intent and Exceptions 76% mentioned an implementation plan 8 of 10 found in majority of OPs Change.... From great policy to... Over 40% mention the term ‘Complete Streets’ Ontario’s largest municipalities less interested: Toronto, Ottawa Learning from others Updating policy language Departmental training Financing Official Plan (25 ) Transportation Master Plan (18) Urban Design Guidelines (13) -Planner, Kingston Many barriers still exist but communities can learn from each other So... Ryan Anders Whitney
Complete Streets Researcher and CLASP Facilitator
Toronto Centre for Active Transportation / Clean Air Partnership
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