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Chinese New Year
Transcript of Chinese New Year
The fifteenth day of the new year is celebrated as Yuanxiao Festival Yuán xiāo jié or the Lantern Festival
also known as Shí wǔ míng; literally "the fifteen night" Preceding Days On the preceding days of what the Chinese believe to be the most important days of the year, Chinese New Years. Many families give their home a thorough cleaning this is because they believe the cleaning would sweep away the bad luck in previous years and allow only good luck into their homes as well as decorating their homes with red banners adorned with Chinese calligraphy known as Chunlian this is hung around the house in order to usher the house in prosperity in the new year. Families often purchase new clothing, shoes and hair cuts before Chinese New Years this symbolizes a fresh start, if any cleaning or cutting is done during Chinese New Years it is consider bad luck, so hair and finger nails should be trimmed in advance. Shopping is done as early as possible as it's done a week prior to Chinese New Years, debts should be paid off and relationships should be brought anew or bandaged as Chinese New Years is about starting a fresh year. Paper lanterns and candles are purchased for the 15th day of the celebration. Colors, foods, and gifts that should be avoided on this special occasion include clocks as they symbolize time is running out, handkerchief as it means farewell, towels are used in funerals so it would be inappropriate for this happy occasion, umbrellas and sharp objects as it means you want to sever a relationship, objects in groups of four as it means death, and anything that is black or white as it represents funeral colors. -known as "beginning of the year"
-married daughters visit their birth parents, relatives and close friends
-it is the birthday of the dogs
-pets and strays will be fed with special treats
-believed to be the birthday of Che Gong
-worshippers go to Che Gong Temples to pray for his blessing - Last day of the Lunar year dàniányè (important years' night), jiù nián wěi (old years' tail)
-Family Gatherings and Diner
- cí nián is the ceremony to bid farewell to the old year, takes place in the afternoon -sacrifices are made to the heavens, gods, and ancestors
-The belief is that if the ancestors are praised and celebrated, they will bless the family
-Food such as various fruits and sweets will be offered Ancestral worship Family Gatherings -Family reunites for a dinner
-called tuán nián or wéilú
-children return to families
-Married couples go to husbands family
-An empty seat is set to represent any family member absent -Families stay up late through the night to increase longevity
-shǒusuì an implied "all night party" between the years, guarding the new year and slowing the process of aging
-customary to get together and make and eat jiǎo zi, Chinese dumplings
-The reason being that it looks like a gold ingot so it represents wealth
-A coin can be hidden within a dumpling and brings good fortune to whomever eats it
-It is considered bad luck to eat out of cracked or chipped utensils before the new year
-Fireworks and Firecrackers are set off at night
-the Nian is a monster who comes out during this night and loud noises and red are supposed to scare him off CHINESE NEW YEARS DAY -The first day of Chinese new year is called yuándàn
-During this time people pay visits to family and friends ( bài nián)
- The first day is reserved for visiting the elderly family members
-guests are welcomed with sweet treats (to sweeten up their year)
-sweets are offered in a "tray of togetherness", an octagonal tray (8 being a lucky numer)
-visitors bring fruit representing gold
-On the first day, people eat a vegetarian diet, without touching meat
-traditional Buddhist dishes are eaten such as Buddha's Delight, that comprise of 18 different ingredients (18 symbolizes wealth and prosperity)
-these vegetarian dishes are called zhāi
-The vegetarian meals are believed to increase longevity
-It cleanses the body
-Buddhism dictates that nothing that was alive should be killed on new year's day Rice dumplings tangyuan a sweet glutinous rice ball brewed in a soup, are eaten this day.
Candles are lit outside houses as a way to guide wayward spirits home. This day is celebrated as the Lantern Festival, and families walk the street carrying lighted lanterns. In Malaysia and Singapore, this day is celebrated by individuals seeking for a love partner, a different version of Valentine's Day.
Normally, single women would write their contact number on mandarin oranges and throw it in a river or a lake while single men would collect them and eat the oranges. The taste is an indication of their possible love: sweet represents a good fate while sour represents a bad fate.
This day often marks the end of the Chinese New Year festivities. OF THE CHINESE NEW YEAR Birthday Of The Jade Emperor Prayers On the fourteenth day of Chinese New Year, everyone is preparing for the festival on the next day. -directly translated as "red mouth"
-Rural villagers in China burn paper offerings over trash fires
-considered unlucky to have guests or go visiting
-also considered a good day to visit the temple of the God of Wealth and have one's future told Offerings sugarcane
incenses better luck
money - During the proceeding days of Chinese New Years many families give their homes a thorough cleaning. This is to welcome good luck into their homes.
- Decorations are placed around the house to usher the house in prosperity in the new year.
- Food should be restocked as early as possible during this time of year.
- Hair and finger nails should be trimmed in advance, if any is done during the event it is believe to bring bad luck.
- Debts should be paid off and broken relationships should be bandaged and brought anew.
- Paper lanterns are bought for the 15th day of Chinese New Years. Tenth to the Twelfth Day Feast with family and friends! 13th Day! After eating so much rich food, people will eat pure vegetarian food to cleanse the digestive systems.
-in the afternoon, people prepare offerings of food to welcome the return of the Kitchen God -this is the God of Wealth's birthday
-people eat , or dumplings, in the morning
-it is common in China that people will shoot off firecrackers to get Guan Yu's attention, to get his favor and good fortune for the new year -called Human Day
-the day when everyone grows one year older
-vegetable dishes will be eaten or a raw fish and vegetable salad called
- is considered a symbol of abundance, prosperity and vigor
-for many Chinese Buddhists, this is the day to avoid meat The Sixth Day
-a time to visit temples, relatives and friends
-another family dinner is held to celebrate the eve of the birth of the Jade Emperor, the ruler of heaven
-store owners will host a lunch/dinner with their employees, thanking them for the work they have done for the whole year
-before midnight, people prepare for a Jade Emperor ritual, called , by burning incense and offering food to the Jade Emperor and the Kitchen God The Eighth Day The Fourth Day 14 The 9th Day The 13th day is dedicated to Guan Yu.
He was known as the Chinese God Of War! Organizations and businesses in China
will pray to Guan Yu.
Guan Yu won over a hundred battles.
Organizations and businesses want to be as successful as him He represented
justice Now he is known as
God of Wealth
God of Success