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Piaget

Katelyn Chang, Connie Wu, Britney Hong & Lynette Lee || Period 6 || Ms. Locken
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Katelyn ❀

on 1 April 2015

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Transcript of Piaget

"One of the most significant psychologists of the 20th century."
1896-1980, born in Switzerland, died in Geneva.
disliked religion; wanted to find a "biological explanation of life"
1919 - began interviewing boys for psychological tests
1921 - began studying the reasoning of elementary children; published five books
During this time, he published his "Theory of Cognitive Development" - first psychologist to develop one
Who was Piaget?
Frankenstein
Frankenstein's creation was never developed in a cognitive way, the monster faced the oppposing forces of human beings in his surrounding environments.
Neglect, psychological indifferences and lack of socialization skills forced the creature to turn to violence.
When he is first brought to life, he is in the "sensory motor" stage.
If the creature was brought up with nurturing, there would not be cognitive development of fierceness.
He also lacked socialization, which is how human individuals develop their potential and learn culture.
The monster had to go through all stages of development by himself.
BLUFF
Cognitive Theory
Katelyn Chang, Lynette Lee,
Britney Hong & Connie Wu

Jean Piaget
Let's start with a short discussion...
Adaptation Process
Assimilation
-when existing schema is used to deal with a new object or situation
Accommodation (usually after assimilation)
-when existing schema does not work and has to be changed to understand new concept
Equilibration
-a force that moves development process
This happens because we do not like frustration and with restore balance by mastering new concept (usually during accommodation)
Stages of Development
A way of intellectual growth
This process of development was believed to not be constant (by Jean Piaget)
3 processes where adaptation, or adjustment occurred...
The Basics
units of knowledge
schemas are like 'index cards' filed in the brain, each one telling an individual how to react to incoming information
development of mental process increases as schemas increase
as a child gets older, his/her schemas become more numerous and elaborate
links of mental representation that allow response to situations
stored form of the pattern of behavior
Before Piaget...
Children were less competent thinkers than adults
After Piaget...
Children think completely differently than adults
Different because separate stages, not a gradual increase
Children were all born with the same mental structure which all knowledge is based
Goal of the theory - explain the processes by which the infant, and then the child, develops into an individual who can reason
Children create an understanding of the world and then discover differences between what they know and what they learn
Who do you think was Piaget based on the past presentations?
How do you think a child develops basic skills?
What factors affect a child's development?
How do you think child development relates to Frankenstein?
Schemas
Piaget was interested in how children learned, thought, and developed.
He made observations of children from infancy to adolescence.
He believed children thought differently than adults and stated they went through four stages of cognitive development.
Piaget's Stages of Development
Every child goes through the stages in the same order.
Piaget believed the stages were universal - the same sequence of development occur in children all over the world.
The class will be divided into two groups.
Group A will receive a question.
All students in Group A who think they know the answer should stand up.
A student from Group B can choose any student standing from Group A.
If the student gets the answer right, his or her team receives the same number of points as people standing.
If the student gets the answer wrong, any student from Group B can answer. Group A will lose the same number of points as students standing.
If the student gets the answer wrong, his or her team will lose the number of points Group A gambled.
Question #1:

What did Piaget dislike as a child?
Religion
Question #2:


What was Piaget's theory called? (Full name.)
The Theory of Cognitive Development.
Question #3:

What stage of a person's life did Piaget study?
Childhood.
Question #4:

What's the goal of the theory?
Explain the processes by which the infant, and then the child, develops into an individual who can reason.
Question #5:

What are units of knowledge called?
Schemas.
Question #6:

What are the three processes of adaptation called?
Assimilation, Accommodation & Equilibration
Question #7:

Name the four stages of cognitive development.
Question #8:

The Stages of Development are __________ - the same sequence of development occur in children ___________ .
universal;
all around the world
Question #9:

Frankenstein's monster lacked _______ which is how human individuals develop their potential and learn culture.
Socialization
Question #10:

The plural of schema is _____ and they are like __________ _____ (2 words) in the brain.
schemata, index cards
Full transcript