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Transactional Analysis:Eric Berne
Transcript of Transactional Analysis:Eric Berne
*The Way words are delivered (tone, accents on certain words, etc.) - 38%
*Facial expressions - 55%
Transactions Listener focuses on three types of communication Strokes I'm OK - You're OK can be positive or negative a form of psychotherapy involving interactions between people and classifies behavior as"adult," "parent," or "child" His work was influenced by Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson Eric Berne Strokes can be unconditional or conditional
ex: " i like you"-unconditional
"i like you when you smile"-conditional "I dont like you"-Negative unconditional
I dont like you when your sarcastic"- negative conditional It is usually better to recieve negative stokes than none at all These repetitive stroke-gathering interactions, labeled by Berne with the instantly recognizable names ( "Why Don't You, Yes But," or "I'm Only Trying to Help", etc) People chose which strokes to accept and which to decline self esteem building
blocks to learning and teaching
institutional climate and culture
Key Ideas 1910-1970 "believed in curing the patient" 1.Every adult was once a child
2.Every adult is capable of reality testing
3.Every child has had parenting "Wow. It really is true that pot handles should always be turned into the stove" Sally saw her brother burn himself when he grabbed a pot handle sticking out from the stove. Games people play “Games are a compromise between intimacy and keeping intimacy away.” A theory of personality, motivation, and problem solving. Created by San Franscico psychiatrist and psychoanalysist Eric Berne in the 1950's Derived from Freuds concept of ID, ego, and superego Unit of social intercourse Unit of contact or recognition Stimulus Response Stimulus Response Crossed transactions Complex Transactions:
* more than two ego states involved Applications Groups
suitable for many thigns(parenting,interpersonl, behavior problems, drug addiction) Limitations terminology is unfamiliar
Concept is complex
offensive to doubt family traditons and values(roles)
important to let the family or individual decide which parts they are wiling to change rain= strokes
holes let the strokes in and umbrella keeps them out People have stroke filters Never talk to strangers"
"Always chew with your mouth closed"
"Look both ways before you cross the street When I saw the monster's face, I felt really scared"
"The clown at the birthday party was really funny!
child feels concept Parent teaches concept Adult learns concept We all have three ego states in us- Big or small Games are a pattern of behaviors with a predictable outcome to acheive strokes Strokes are needed by people for psychological and eventually physical survival, just as they need food, water and air. Outcomes of TA Help client understand self and others
change direction in life
to be game free and autonomous
"people can change"
"we all have the right to be accepted in the world"