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Stress and Illness
Transcript of Stress and Illness
Maria Torbert Stress
Disease Stress and Illness Stress Response System Stress and
Stressors Stress and the Heart The process by which we
perceive and respond to
events that threaten or
challenge us. Stress: Han Selye Canadian scientist: 1936-1976 General Adaptation syndrome
(GAS) Coronary Heart Disease A single response to all stress inducing situations
Phase 1-Alarm reaction
Phase 3- Exhaustion Personality Types Optimism VS Pessimism Blocking of blood vessels
Heart lacks nourishment
Leading cause of death in the United States
Stress is one among several causes Fight or Flight From Inner Adrenal gland: Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
Causes a sympathetic nervous system response Outer Adrenal Gland: Glucocorticoid hormones such as cortisol Stressors Based on Friedman and Rosenman's nine-year study
Type A: Competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone
Type B: Easygoing, relaxed
unpredictable large scale events that cause larger scale stress responses Life changes
felt in early adulthood Daily hassles
most significant sources of stress Pessimists have risks similar to those of type A.
Optimists are similar to type B Depression Also contributes to heart disease
Whooley and Browner Contemporary Psychology Theme: "Mind and body interact; everything psychological is simultaneously physiological" Immunity
Immune System: Lymphocytes
B: bone marrow; fight bacteria
T: thalamus; attack cancer, viruses, & foreign substances Illnesses General Health
Longer healing time
AIDS and Cancer
Does not cause
Psychophysiological Illness Stress in Teens "It's not the large things that send a man to the madhouse...not the death of his love but the shoelace that snaps...." Charles Bukowski "In the fight or flight scenario, epinephrine is the one handing out the guns..." "...Glucocorticoids are the ones drawing up blueprints for new aircraft carriers needed for the war."
Robert Sapolsky Prolonged stress