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World Religions

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Preethi Gopal

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of World Religions

Origins of Buddhism Origins of Hinduism Hinduism Mia-Christianity
Matthew-Hinduism World Religions Buddhism Judaism Islam Hinduism had no specific founder Judaism traced back for 4,000 years
Originated in Canaan (present day Israel & Palestine
Judaism didn't emerge until the 1st century C.E.
The heritage traces back to the covenant God made with Abraham and his people. Origin History After Abraham and god made the covenant famine struck Canaan and the Hebrews migrated to Egypt.
After the Egyptian king enslaved the Hebrews, Moses lead the Hebrews back to Canaan, where God gave him the 10 commandments.
The Hebrews united under Saul, David, and Solomon http://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/history.htm Citation http://www.patheos.com/Library/Judaism.html Siddhartha Gautama was the founder of Buddhism
Founded in late 600's BCE.
Siddhartha Gautama was born in northern India in 563 BCE
Born into a royal family
Left palace, and fasted and meditated
Was believed to reach Nirvana, which is the point of full understanding Origins of Islam First originated in India Formed 2000 B.C.E Origins Muhammad was the founder of Islam. Hinduism is mostly based in southeast Asia Demographics Demographics & Geography History of Hinduism Founded by Jesus Christ in c. 30 AD, Israel
Developed out of Judaism.
Those who follow Jesus are called "Christians". Muhammad's wife, close friends, and family members were his first followers. Hour 1 Vedic texts including hymns, formulas, spells, charms, and stories Muhammad started to preach publicly in mecca by 613 . History of Buddhism Priests recited many Vedic texts After facing hostility in mecca in 622, Muhammad and some supporters left to the town of Yathrib. This event is known as the Hijrah (The starting point of islam) There are 13-14 million Jews worldwide
0.2% of the world's population is Jewish
40% of Jewish people live the USA
41% of Jews live in Israel
Now 33% of Jews are married to non-Jews. In 1990 it was 28%.
1% of Jews live in Argentina
There are 1,219,740 Jews in the state of California (The highest amount in any US state) History Christianity History After Siddhartha reached Nirvana, he started preaching and gained some followers called monks.
After Siddhartha's death, many monks came together and finalized all of his teachings
It is believed that all Siddhartha's teachings were verbalized for 200 years before being written down.
Emperor Ashoka sent missionaries all over the world to help spread the word of Buddhism Muhammad was very interested in religion and spent time alone praying and meditating. Religious practices usually take place at home Religious Practices 86.5% of Nepal's population are Hindu 80% of India's population are Hindu Hinduism is the world's third most populous religion, with a little less than 1 billion followers Demographics and Geography According to Muslim belief, Muhammad heard a voice while meditating outside a cave in mecca. That voice was the angel gabriel.
The angel Gabriel said that he was a messenger of Allah. 360 million people worship Buddhism worldwide
6% of the world population
3-4 million Buddhists in the United States
500-600 centers for Buddhism
The top- 4 countries for Buddhism are China-102,000,000 people, Thailand-55,480,000 people,Vietnam 49,690,000 people, and Myanmar with 41,610,000 Worship & Religious Practices
Holidays and Celebrations Muhammad believed that the lord who spoke to him through gabriel was Allah. He then became convinced that he was the last of the prophets. Demographics/ Geography Religious practices include: 21% percent of the world is islam. Second to Christianity. Meditation Worship and Religious Practices http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/02016/i_demographics.htm Top three countries with islamic religion are: Pakistan (97%) Indonesia (88%), and India (13.4%). Holy Texts Prominent people Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are monotheistic Holidays Trying to achieve Moksha http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/history/overview.htm Jesus was baptized and had a vision in which he received the blessing of God. After this event, he began a ministry of teaching, healing, and miracle-working.
He spoke before crowds of people, but also chose 12 disciples whom he taught privately.
Opposition mounted against Jesus, and he was executed by crucifixion by the Romans. Demographics and Geography http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/charts.htm Biggest religion in world.
About 1/3 of the world considers themselves as christians.
2.1 billion christians in the world.
About 1/10 of christians are of the Orthadox belief.
1/2 of the total christians are of the Catholic belief.
1/5 of the population of christians are Protestants
Christianity began in Jerusalem and over the years spread through the Roman Empire.
Within thirty years it was spread through the mediterranean area then over hundred to a thousand years spread over countries of the world http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/02016/c_demographics.htm http://www.bellbookandcandlepublications.com/greenwoodsvillage/gor/christn.php 2.6 million muslims live in the United States. Expected to be 6.2 million by 2030. All Muslims have to carry out five duties. These duties are called the five pillars. Faith, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, Pilgrimage Religious Practice Believers are forbidden from eating pork or drinking alcohol. Communal worship is on friday afternoons. Islam has no priests or central religious authority. Faith- A person must testify a statement of faith: "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah." Prayer- Muslims must pray 5 times a day. Facing toward Mecca. Alms- Must support less fortunate. Religious tax means giving money to the poor. Fasting- During holy month of Ramadan, Muslims Fast between Dawn and sunset. Meal eaten at end of day. Pilgrimage- Muslims preform the hajj, or pilgrimage to mecca at least once. Worship and Religion Practices Christian worship involves praising God in music and speech, readings from scripture, prayers of various sorts, a sermon, and various holy ceremonies Nearly all Christians will have been baptized, either as an infant or as an adult, and regularly participate in communion Purification with water Some Buddhist monks don't eat after noon
Monks follow the rules of Vinaya - only eat foods offered to you
Some followers of Buddhism bow on one knee and make offerings to a statue of "the Buddha"
Memorize are recite the five precepts and suttas
Buddhists aren't supposed to worship a particular person, it is not a theistic religion
Reaching nirvana - perfect understanding Most important times of worship are dawn and dusk Jews pray in congregation 3 times a day
Studying the Torah is also a form of worship
The Sabbath is spent studying, praying, and resting
Through out the course of the year the Torah will be completely read. Prominent People Sabbath is a holy day followers of Judaism worship. It is a day of celebration when families get together and rest up for the up coming week
Hanukkah honors the Jewish faith to God after years of being oppressed by the king of Syria and dictator of Palestine.
The Bar Mitzvah ceremony formally marks the crossing over from childhood to adulthood. ( For the children to start following the ten commandments Holidays and Celebrations http://library.thinkquest.org/28505/judaism/worsh.htm Siddhartha Gautama - founder of Buddhism
Monks - strictly follow all Buddhist laws Holy Texts Four vedas Book of the Dead Enuma Elish Avesta The teachers who interpreted the vedic hymns Prominent People The Prophet Abraham who is the father of monotheism
Moses is the leader who lead the Hebrews out of Egypt
Jesus elaborated on the Jewish religion, eventually creating his own ideals and religion Holy Texts The Torah is the basis of all Judaism
The Jewish Bible is known in Hebrew as the Tanakh http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Facts+About+Israel/People/Jewish+Sacred+Texts.htm Similarities and Differences of religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic religions
Buddhism has no "God" so to speak. They believe in reaching enlightenment
Hinduism has many forms of God, but one true form is Brahman.
All the religions are from the ancient times Teachings of "the Buddha" written down shortly after his death
Legends about the Buddha's reincarnations called the Jatakas
Commentaries, rules about monastic life, and manuals on how to meditate Holidays and Celebrations Buddha day - night of full moon in May to celebrate Buddha's life
Magha Puja day or also known as Sangha Day
Asalha Puja day - Buddha's first teaching
Kathina Ceremony - When new robes given to Monks
Bodhi Day - acknowledges the day that the Buddha became enlightened Similarities and Differences of religions Hinduism is polytheistic In Hinduism, you're reincarnated if you don't achieve moksha. In Christianity, Judaism, and Islam you only live one life. Number of Followers Approximately 376 million followers
6th most followed religion worldwide In both Hinduism and Buddhism, you were reincarnated if you didn't achieve the goal. Holi - festival of colors and spring Mahashivaratri - night sacred to Shiva Rama Navami - birthday of Lord Rama Krishna Jayanti - birthday of Lord Krishna Raksābandhana - renewing bonds between brothers and sisters Kumbh Mela - pilgrimage every 12 years to four cities in India Ganesha-Chaturthi - festival of Ganesh Dassera - victory of Rama over demon king Ravana Navaratri - festival of Shakti or Rama's victory over Ravana Diwali - festival of lights and Laksmi Muhammad is probably the greatest influence to Islam. Last of the prophets and messenger of Allah. Prominent People The ulama, Religious teachers who apply the words and deeds of Muhammad to everyday life. Holy Texts The Qur'an, Allah expressed his will to the angel gabriel, who revealed it to Muhammad. After his death all the revelations were collected into this book. Guidance of the Qur'an and Sunna were assembled into the Shari'a. system of law that family life, moral conduct, business/ community life. Mawlid al-nabi- Prophet Muhammads birthday. Holidays and Celebration Jesus Christ
Mary (the mother of Jesus)
The Apostle Paul
Abraham (and descendants)
John The Baptist Prominent People Holy Texts Bible
The New Testament together with the Jewish Bible (the "Old Testament") Lent (40 days of preparation for Easter)

Easter (the resurrection of Christ)

Advent (four week preparation for Christmas)

Christmas (the birth of Jesus Christ). Holidays and Celebrations Similarities and Differences of religions Christianity- in the Western World
Islam-Middle East,Northern Africa,Central Asia, South Asia
Buddhism- East Asia
Hinduism-United Kingdom, France,Germany, Finland, Sweden, All have a historic founder other than hinduism. All believe in an afterlife. Judaism,Islam and Hinduism have no recruitment methods. Location Ramadan- Muslims fast, or don't eat from dawn to sunset. Most importent night of night of Ramadan is called the Night of Power. It's believed that this is the night the angel gabriel spoke to Muhammad. Number of followers Current number of followers About 1.5 billion followers world wide. Similarities and Differences Has no God, other religions except Hinduism worship a GodUnlike Hinduism, there's one creator, which is similar to all the other religions
Practices a lot of meditation, this is similar to Hinduism
All religions use sacred texts to read and learn Only religion without leadership. (no clergy) ; Similarities and differences It is a monotheism religion just like Christianity and Judaism. Current number of followers 2.1 million followers around the world. It has more then a billion followers just like christianity. Textbook
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