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Community Health Problems

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by

Mightie Nimrod Climaco

on 21 July 2014

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Transcript of Community Health Problems

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Different perennial problems happen to different regions of the country. They vary according to factors like economy, politics, geography, culture and social context. There are places which experience community health problems like:
water-borne and communicable diseases
armed conflicts
natural disasters
higly urbanized zones
overpopulated areas
In this regard, the government has created an office which would be in charge of planning and implementing rules and regulations to address the above mentioned community health problems. One of its programs is Solid Waste Management Program that helps lessen the amount of refuse in our country.
Refuse Materials by kind,
composition & sources
Community Health Problems
Lesson 2
Perennial Community
Health Problems
Waste Disposal is the proper disposal of a discarded or discharged material in accordance with local environmental guidelines or laws
Community
Health
Problems
Human Excreta
and Sewage
Disease Control
Peace and Order
Food Sanitation
Water Supply
Drug Abuse, Prevention and Control in the Community
Waste Disposal
Abandoned Vehicles
Unwanted cars and trucks left on public property
Streets, sidewalks, alleys, vacant lots
Rubbish
Combustible: paper, cartons, boxes, barrels, wood, excelsior, tree branches, yard trimmings, wood furniture, bedding, dunnage
Non-combustible: metals, tin cans, metal furniture, dirt, glass, crockery, minerals
Households, restaurants, institutions, stores, markets
Special Wastes
Hazardous solids and liquids: explosives, pathological wastes, radioactive wastes, batteries
Household, hotels, hospitals, institutions, stores, industries
Garbage
Waste from preparation, cooking and serving of food, market wastes, wastes from handling, storage and sale of produce
Households, restaurants, institutions, stores, markets
Ashes
Residue from fires used for cooking and heating and from
on-site incineration
Households, restaurants, institutions, stores, markets
Construction Wastes
Scrap lumber, pipes, other construction materials
New construction, remodeling
Industrial Wastes
Food-processing wastes, boiler house cinders, lumber scraps, metal scraps, shavings
Factories, power plants
Sewage treatment residue
Solids from coarse screening and from grit chambers; septic tank sludge
Sewage treatment plants, septic tanks
Dead Animals
Cats, dogs, horses, cows, rats
Streets, sidewalks, alleys, vacant lots
Street Refuse
Sweepings, dirt, leaves, catch-basin dirt, contents of litter receptacles
Streets, sidewalks, alleys, vacant lots
Demolition Wastes
Lumber, pipes, bricks, masonry, and other construction materials from razed buildings and other structures
Demolition sites to be used for new buildings, renewal projects, expressways
Solid Waste Management refers to
the discipline associated with the:

control of generation
storage collection
transfer and transport
processing
disposal of solid waste
The preceding definition of solid
waste states in accordance with
the best principles of:

public health
economics
engineering
conservation
aesthetics
public attitude
Compostables
+
Recyclables
+
Non-recyclable
&
non-compostables
+
Special waste
=
SOLID WASTE
According to RA No. 9003, there are many ways to do Solid Waste Management. A highly recommended formula is to adopt the 3Rs of Ecological Waste Management: REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE. In addition, let us refrain from doing what has been prohibited under the law. These include:
littering, throwing, dumping of waste materials in public places like roads, sidewalks, canals,
esteros
, parks and establishments
open burning of solid waste
allowing the collection of non-segregated waste
squatting in open dumps and landfills
open dumping or burying of biodegradable and non-biodegradable materials in flood-prone areas
unauthorized removal of recyclable materials intended for collection by authorized persons
mixing of source-separated recyclable materials with other solid wastes in any vehicle, box, container or receptacle used in solid waste collection or disposal
manufacture, distribution or use of non-environmentally acceptable packaging materials
establishment or operation of open dumps
importation of consumer products packaged in non-environmentally acceptable materials
REMEMBER!
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