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Beauty - ToK

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Ariana Reyna

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Beauty - ToK

"Beauty is no quality in things themselves: it exists merely in the mind which contemplates it; and each mind perceives a different beauty. One person may even perceive deformity, where another is sensible of beauty; and every individual ought to acquiesce in his own sentiment, without pretending to regulate those of others" (Hume 1757, 136). Visual Auditory Historically classical, instrumental music was considered beautiful. Today numerous other genres such as R&B, alternative, and country are dubbed as beautiful by their audiences. Historical Examples cont. Historical Examples: Visual How do humans define beauty? Bodies of Beauty Cultural Definitions The Arts Is it really what you think it is? Beauty tjk29.wordpress.com During the Victorian era, men and women searched for an ideal relationship based on the high expectations of a demanding society. If a man or woman did not posses the qualities enumerated by the Victorian society, the opposite sex would have quickly dismissed the person as an unsuitable mate. Both men and women were required to act and dress a certain way ("Victorian Ideals"). Visual Auditory Shape Color Surroundings Influence from past memory/experience Pitch Flow Influence from past memory/experience By Ariana, Madeleine, and Melissa Paintings as well as other images or works of art are frequently considered beautiful. Beauty in South Korea means having big eyes, a pale complexion, a sharp and pointed nose, a taller height, and a small chin and mouth. Essentially, South Korean beauty means looking as white or Caucasian as possible (Yoo). Art is judged by its beauty, skill, inherent meaning, uniqueness, and fulfilled intent ("How to Judge Art"). The beauty aspect differs for each viewer and relates back to influence from a past memory/experience. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=xjI7faV59XesQM&tbnid=ig3K6MdL54JhLM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.travelwriterstales.com%2Fthailand.htm&ei=m7siUaynFqTA2AXMq4CACA&bvm=bv.42553238,d.aWc&psig=AFQjCNHKwnWEMBSoerJ0Nxw9BDFotxMNnw&ust=1361315425946326 Thai women believe that stretching and elongating their necks with metal rings will make them more beautiful.

This strong tradition has continued to uphold its importance in Thai culture even though this definition of beauty is not accepted elsewhere (National Geographic). Higher pitches, slower tempos, a greater range of sounds harmonizing together (different types of instruments playing simultaneously), and a piece that sounds complex but is reducible to simple patterns is generally considered beautiful ("Creating Simplicity"). The Pyramids of Giza are considered beautiful architectural masterpieces because of the time, energy, and effort that was put into them (Hoffman).

They are symbolic historical artifacts and more than 3 million people visit them each year ("The Great Pyramids of Giza"). But if you look closer, the pyramids are really just old, sandy stones. Math and Science Visual Auditory ("Pythagoras: How to Measure Beauty"). ("National Geographic Wallpaper"). The Golden Ratio or Phi (1:1.618) can be observed in art, architecture, advertisements, music, organisms, plants and so much more (Jefferson). Auditory (Belton). In the early 10th century, the Chinese emperor Li Yu ordered one of his slave girls to bind her feet in silk ribbons and dance on a platform. At first, foot binding was something practiced only by those within the royal court but soon women of all social classes were eager to have dainty, "beautiful," and desirable feet. Foot binding became a sign of beauty and attractiveness.

Once a girl was of marriageable age, prospective mother-in-laws would come around and pick a wife for their son by the appearance of the girl's feet
("A lesson on Foot binding in China"). Chinese Foot Binding Apollo God of Music Greece was the epicenter of all Classical art, and music was a passion of the Greeks. Apollo, the Greek God of Music, is known to have played beautiful music in Olympus with his golden lyre. There are many myths surrounding his musical talent such as the myth of a music contest against Marsyas proving Apollo music was the most beautiful known to all
("Apollo"). https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=Pz_na4zH-q6vPM&tbnid=tUWfHlNAEf5p5M:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.123rf.com%2Fphoto_8986369_grate-pyramids-in-giza-valley.html&ei=1tsiUdOrBIT72QWMooDABw&bvm=bv.42553238,d.b2I&psig=AFQjCNEP5sz2yay3UQ5ko-MPX6Xhg-mviw&ust=1361325377488336 "Since Divine Proportion applies to every human individual, then there is a universal standard for facial beauty based on balance and harmony regardless of race, age, sex" (Jefferson). Dr. Stephen Marquardt developed a beauty mask overlay based on the Divine Proportion.

If an individual’s face conforms to the beauty mask, then the face will be beautiful. Nefertiti (from about 1370 to 1350 B.C.) considered beautiful in her time, conforms to the beauty mask. This shows that the scientific standard of beauty 3,200 years ago was the same as today (Jefferson). http://media.oregonlive.com/ent_impact_arts/photo/11651419-large.jpg http://library.thinkquest.org/J0111742/footbinding.htm There are three parts of our brain involved in processing the notion of beauty: the amygdala (governs certain aesthetic judgements), the anterior insula (lights up during emotional experiences) and the orbitofrontal cortex (music appreciation) ("Regions of the Brain"). During ancient times the physical body was celebrated with unreserved enthusiasm in the Greek culture. "Diskobolos," a famous sculpture representing a discus thrower frozen the instant before he launches the disc, depicts such an athlete. The detail and devotion to the ideals of beauty in "Diskobolos" show the values and culture of the ancient Greeks.

Not only did the Greeks favor nudity more than other ancient cultures, much of their artwork and artifacts seem designed to emphasize sexuality
("Greek Art"). http://www.badradical.net/top-vitamins-and-herbs-for-eye-health.html http://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/tulsa-man-found-part-woman-ear-pocket-article-1.1194714 http://www.facialbeauty.org/divineproportion.html http://www.cnsforum.com/imagebank/item/Neuro_biol_OCD/default.aspx Purpose Beauty is found in something that is pleasing to gaze upon or listen to. It inspires happiness and joy in the individual, causing them to develop an attraction to the object, whether it be a peach or a person (Gallagher). Is beauty more than you originally thought it was? The Evolution of Music: http://tjk29.wordpress.com/2011/12/16/barbie-doll-and-her-impact/ The Barbie doll was invented in 1959 by Ruth Handler. Since her creation, Barbie has been criticized for her unrealistic proportions and sleazy appearance (she is adorned with heavy makeup and frequently wears lewd outfits).

Barbie has set the standard for how women should look and created the role model of beauty all over the world ("Inventing Barbie"). http://blog.compete.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Barbie.jpg Hindu women show their beauty through behavior and actions (Jain). Looks do not matter, but perception of personality does. It is believed that it is better to go through life with a beautiful spirit than with a beautiful face. Hindu women apply vermillion powder on each other during Durga Puja festivities in New Delhi, India. http://web.orange.co.uk/news/gallery/7210/dayinphotos-20121024/9 Victorian Dress Greek Beauty South American music has a mixture of indigenous background and modern influences. Los Koyas use traditional forms of Latin American music, especially folklore, to create "beautiful" pieces. It is the history and the culture that is considered beautiful by people. Cultural Definitions Remember:
Beauty is a subjective belief, not knowledge. Each person must define beauty for him/herself.
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