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The Hebrew Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls
Transcript of The Hebrew Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls
A Brief History of The Hebrew Bible
Septuagint - LXX
Dead Sea Scrolls
Canonization of Hebrew Bible
Medieval Hebrew Bible Codices
No written language
Repetition, Rhyme, Naming
Actual historical accounts
Ethical and moral lessons
Legends and Myths - Etiologies
The scrolls date from 250 B.C.E. – 68 C.E. and are written in three languages: Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek
Four alphabets: Hebrew, paleo-Hebrew (an early version of the Hebrew alphabet), Greek, and a cryptographic alphabet comprised of various letters and symbols
1-2 Samuel 4
1-2 Kings 3
Minor Prophets 8
Song of Solomon 4
1-2 Chronicles 1
Number of Manuscripts of Biblical Books
Found Among the Dead Sea Scrolls
The Great Isaiah Scroll
Yahwist Source - 10th-9th c. BCE
Elohist Source - 9th-8th c. BCE
Deuteronomic Source - 7th c. BCE
Priestly Source - 6th - 5th c. BCE
The Documentary Source Hypothesis
Parts of Genesis
Song of the Sea
Book of the 12
Song of Songs
Gen. 1:1 Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἐποίησεν ὁ θεὸς τὸν οὐρανὸν καὶ τὴν γῆν. 2 ἡ δὲ γῆ ἦν ἀόρατος καὶ ἀκατασκεύαστος, καὶ σκότος ἐπάνω τῆς ἀβύσσου, καὶ πνεῦμα θεοῦ ἐπεφέρετο ἐπάνω τοῦ ὕδατος. 3 καὶ εἶπεν ὁ θεός Γενηθήτω φῶς. καὶ ἐγένετο φῶς. 4 καὶ εἶδεν ὁ θεὸς τὸ φῶς ὅτι καλόν. καὶ διεχώρισεν ὁ θεὸς ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ φωτὸς καὶ ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ σκότους. 5 καὶ ἐκάλεσεν ὁ θεὸς τὸ φῶς ἡμέραν καὶ τὸ σκότος ἐκάλεσεν νύκτα. καὶ ἐγένετο ἑσπέρα καὶ ἐγένετο πρωί, ἡμέρα μία.