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The Subjunctive in adjective clauses

An explanation of the above mentioned Spanish grammar point
by

Charles Palmer

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of The Subjunctive in adjective clauses

a look into the uncertain The Subjunctive in
adjective clauses the subjunctive is used when the subject of the main clause clause is unknown What are clauses? Defined: The main clause of a sentence is one that has a subject and a verb such as (Sammy screamed) Adjective Clauses Being a subordinate clause, an adjective
clause is dependent on the main clause. What is unique about them is that an adjective clause acts as one big adjective. The subjunctive mood is by far the most complicated of the moods. It is used top express wishes, desires and things that are yet uncertain. En espanol Busco un trabajo (que) pague bien example: ¿Sabes un hombre
quien sea rico? Its unknown whether the man
exists or not, therefore the
subjunctive is used The subordinate clause is dependent on the main clause and consists of a relative pronoun/ subordinate conjunction, a subject and a verb (when Adam crushed the spider) Main Clause Subordinate Clause In the main clause the subject is Sammy and the verb is screamed. While this is a complete thought on its own, the subordinate clause then tells us that Adam (subject) crushed (verb) a spider, causing her to scream. the two clauses are connected by the relative pronoun when. Sammy screamed when Adam crushed the spider. 3 requirements of an adjective clause 1. It must contain a subject and a verb
2. It must contain a relative pronoun or adverb
3. It must act as an adjective to the main clause EX: Mi amigo tiene un gato que tiene
ojos llena de jubilo. The adjective clause starts after the word cat. It contains a relative pronoun (whose), a subject (eyes) and verb (were), and it relates to the subject of the main clause. This clause meets all three requirements of an adjective clause. The Subjunctive Mood Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Used to state a fact,
opinion or to ask a
question. Su madre es una
mujer. It's a fact that his
mother is a
woman. Used to express
will or influence
and make to
commands Vaya al mercado
por naranjas. You are attempting
to influencing
them to go to the
market to get
oranges. used to express wishes, emotions, and actions that have not yet occurred Sugiero que te calles. You are suggesting that they be quiet,
but you don't know
if they'll do it
or not. Just as in English, when the subordinate clause of a sentence refers to something of doubtful existence, the subjunctive is used.
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